Stone Mills

Wikipedia:Citation needed Canada 2011 Census House of Commons of Canada
Stone Mills
Township of Stone Mills
Old mill in Newburgh
Old mill in Newburgh
Stone Mills is located in Southern Ontario
Stone Mills
Stone Mills
Coordinates: 44°27′N 76°55′W / 44.450°N 76.917°W / 44.450; -76.917Coordinates: 44°27′N 76°55′W / 44.450°N 76.917°W / 44.450; -76.917
Country Canada
Province Ontario
CountyLennox and Addington
 • TypeTownship
 • Governing BodyCorporation of the Township of Stone Mills
 • MPDerek Sloan
 • MPPDaryl Kramp
 • Land709.17 km2 (273.81 sq mi)
 • Total7,702
 • Density10.9/km2 (28/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal code
K0K 1N0
Area code(s)613

Stone Mills is a lower tier township located north of Greater Napanee in Lennox and Addington County, Ontario, Canada. According to the 2011 census, the township has a population of 7,560.


The township of Stone Mills comprises the following communities and hamlets:


Centreville (44°24′25″N 76°54′17″W / 44.40694°N 76.90472°W / 44.40694; -76.90472) is bisected by Lennox and Addington County Road 4. The Centreville Public School educates roughly 150 students in kindergarten to grade 8. A public fairgrounds, complete with a park and grandstand, showcases the annual Centreville Fair. The fair opens on the Friday of the Labour Day weekend, and closes by the next night. Centreville is also the location of the township's municipal offices.


Croydon (44°25′15″N 76°58′42″W / 44.42083°N 76.97833°W / 44.42083; -76.97833) is a farming community known for its history, scenery, and small-town charm.[citation needed] In the early and mid-1900s, Croydon was a well-developed farming community that featured several hotels, a general store, a church, a post office, a schoolhouse, and a gristmill. Although business and industry are currently non-existent in Croydon, many of the original buildings have been renovated and are serving as family homes. The main attraction is the Salmon River, which runs through the heart of Croydon. The river is used for swimming, fishing, canoeing, and kayaking.


Erinsville (44°29′00″N 77°03′00″W / 44.48333°N 77.05000°W / 44.48333; -77.05000) is located on Highway 41. It was founded by Irish settlers in the late 1800s[citation needed]. Its proximity to Beaver Lake (actually two lakes, Beaver Lake North and South) makes it an ideal summer home,[citation needed] and is host to several small cottage communities. The Erinsville area is also surrounded by several family-operated farms. Largely due to its low population, Erinsville has only a few commercial business in operation. These include the Beaver Lake Variety and Gas Bar and the Lakeview Tavern and Restaurant. Several residents also run small businesses from home. Erinsville also is the site of the Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, a Roman Catholic parish. Erinsville also had a train track, but it is now out of commission; a dark sky viewing area is located minutes north of Erinsville on highway 41.[3]


Newburgh (44°19′30″N 76°52′40″W / 44.32500°N 76.87778°W / 44.32500; -76.87778), formerly an incorporated village, retains the status of a designated place in the Canadian census data. It is situated on the Napanee River, and was first founded in 1822 by Benjamin Files and Wm. V. P. Detlor. It quickly became a thriving community and home to numerous mills. Two saw mills were first built along the river in 1822 and 1825, followed by a grist mill in 1828, two flour mills in 1840, an oatmeal mill in 1861, two carding mills and a woollen mill in 1864. Other businesses such as a tannery, two axe factories, a sash, blind and door factory, a hub and rake factory, three carriage and wagon shops and two cabinet factories were also established.

By 1865, Newburgh had a population of 1,200, but that population quickly declined. Railway lines bypassed the village and manufacturers were unable to move goods efficiently to and from Newburgh. The village did not get the Napanee, Tamworth and Quebec Railway line until 1884. Also, contributing to this decline were several major fires, the worst which happened in 1887 and destroyed eighty-four buildings in the centre of the village.

Today Newburgh has a clinic (Newburgh Clinic) run by two doctors, Newburgh Public School and Newburgh Post Office, Newburgh United Church, Newburgh Pharmacy, Newburgh L.C.B.O., a small grocery store and a gas station, Newburgh Abram's Bakery, Second Time Treasures by Louise, Clarke Art and Projects art gallery, and Rogues' Hollow Antiques, Ontario's two largest chicken farms, and other small businesses such as barber shops and hair salons. Newburgh also held an art show from 2004-2019 'Art Among The Ruins'.

In the Canada 2011 Census, Newburgh had a population of 696, down from 725 in the 2006 census.[4]


Tamworth (44°29′15″N 76°59′40″W / 44.48750°N 76.99444°W / 44.48750; -76.99444) Originally settled in 1826, Tamworth received its name in 1848, the year of the great potato famine in Ireland. The area was settled by many Irish immigrants and by 1865 the population of the area was 500. In 1884 the Tamworth and Quebec Railway had three trains departing to Napanee each day. Once the forest cover had been removed the soil that remained was not of the best quality, but farmers persevered and the area included many cheese factories. Farmers could supplement their incomes cutting trees in winter to be floated down the Napanee River to mills to the south. Featured in Michael Ondaatje’s “In the Skin of Lion” Tamworth is a village steeped in the history of the hard work of the generations who laboured to create a life here.[citation needed]

Tamworth today is a mix of farms, homes and cottages on Beaver Lake and includes all the services of a more populated city.[citation needed] Churches, a bank, hockey arena, a video store, restaurants, a hardware store, grocery store, pharmacy, liquor store, library and many other amenities service the community. Beaver Lake flows into the Salmon River which runs through Tamworth and this flowing water was the source of much of the commerce in the mills that form part of Tamworth’s past.

Tamworth is home to the first Irish Language speaking area, or Gaeltacht, to be announced outside Ireland. This is an important symbol of hope for the struggling minority language[citation needed]. See main article Permanent North American Gaeltacht. Tamworth had a Senior A amateur team from 2003 to 2005. The Braves played in the Eastern Ontario Senior Hockey League. A Tier II Junior "A" team operated in 2007-2009 known as the Tamworth Cyclones in the Greater Metro Junior A Hockey League. Tamworth is the largest community in the former Sheffield Township of less than 1600 people [1]. Hollow sqaure market



Limestone District School Board operates a Enterprise school, a Tamworth school, a Centerville school and a Newburgh school, as well as a Catholic school in Erinsville[11]

Notable people

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Stone Mills, Township". Statistics Canada. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
  2. ^ "Centreville, Ontario". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Archived from the original on July 22, 2019. Retrieved July 22, 2019.
  3. ^ Dark Sky Viewing Area, - Lennox and Addington
  4. ^ "Newburgh, Ontario census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-02-17.
  5. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
  6. ^ "Stone Mills census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-02-13.
  7. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2019-06-19.
  8. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-02-13.
  9. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-02-13.
  10. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  11. ^ Burgess, Susan (2017-03-28). "School closures will turn villages into ghost towns, rural residents warn". CBC News. Retrieved 2019-07-31.
  12. ^ a b Herrington, Walter (1913). History of the County of Lennox and Addington. MacMillan Company of Canada.
  13. ^ "Sir Gilbert Parker Birth". Britannica.
  14. ^ "Larry McCormick". Parliament of Canada.[permanent dead link]