Viking Ship Museum (Oslo)

Enlarge University of Oslo Viking Age
Viking Ship Museum at Bygdøy

The Viking Ship Museum (Norwegian: Vikingskipshuset på Bygdøy) is located on the Bygdøy peninsula in Oslo, Norway. It is part of the Museum of Cultural History of the University of Oslo, and houses three Viking era burial ships that were found as part of archaeological finds from Tune, Gokstad (Sandefjord), Oseberg (Tønsberg) and the Borre mound cemetery.[1]

Oseberg Ship prow
Animal Head Post from Viking Ship Museum
Viking Ship Museum at Bygdøy
Oseberg Ship in Viking Ship Museum
Bust of Anne Stine and Helge Ingstad outside Viking Ship Museum


The museum is most famous for the completely whole Oseberg ship, excavated from the largest known ship burial in the world. Other main attractions at the Viking Ship Museum are the Gokstad ship and Tune ship. Additionally, the Viking Age display includes sledges, beds, a horse cart, wood carving, tent components, buckets and other grave goods.[2][3]


In 1913, Swedish professor Gabriel Gustafson proposed a specific building to house Viking Age finds that were discovered at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. The Gokstad and Oseberg ships had been stored in temporary shelters at the University of Oslo. An architectural contest was held, and Arnstein Arneberg won.

The hall for the Oseberg ship was built with funding from the Parliament of Norway, and the ship was moved from the University shelters in 1926. The halls for the ships from Gokstad and Tune were completed in 1932. Building of the last hall was delayed, partly due to the Second World War, and this hall was completed in 1957. It houses most of the other finds, mostly from Oseberg.[4]

Museum extension

On 20 December 2000 the University of Oslo had supported a proposal by the Historical Museum to move the ships and all the grave goods to a proposed new museum in Bjørvika, Oslo. There has been much debate about this suggestion, both in the museum and archaeological community as well as in the media. Opponents to the move have raised concerns that the ships are too fragile and that they will not survive the move undamaged, while proponents claim otherwise, suggesting a move could go ahead without inflicting serious damage to the finds.[5]

In 2015 the Ministry let Statsbygg announce a competition for the expansion of existing facilities at Bygdøy. The winner of the architectural competition was released the 12 April 2016, and it was the Danish firm AART architects with their proposal titled "NAUST". [6]


See also


  1. ^ Vikingskipshuset på BygdøyVikingskipshuset på Bygdøy (Store norske leksikon)
  2. ^ Viking Ship Museum(Oslo) (in English)
  3. ^ "Vikingskipshuset". Retrieved September 1, 2017.
  4. ^ Vikingskipshuset November 8, 2009
  5. ^ The Viking ships will probably stay at Bygdøy Archived October 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "AART to add looping extension to Oslo Viking museum". aart-architects. Retrieved September 1, 2017.