V.League 1

Vietnam Hà Nội F.C. Becamex Bình Dương F.C.

V.League 1
Organising bodyVPF
Founded1980; 40 years ago (1980) (Semi-professional)
2000; 20 years ago (2000) (Professional)
First season1980 (as Vietnam National A1 Football Cup)
CountryVietnam
ConfederationAFC
Number of teams14
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toRed Arrow Down.svg V.League 2
Domestic cup(s)Vietnamese Cup
Vietnamese Super Cup
International cup(s)AFC Champions League
AFC Cup
ASEAN Club Championship
Current championsHà Nội (5th title)
(2019)
Most championshipsHà Nội
Thể Công (5 titles)
Top goalscorerVietnam Hoàng Vũ Samson (190 goals)
TV partnersVTV (2 matches/ round), VTVCab (all matches), ON SPORTS (all matches), Onme (all matches), Hà Tĩnh Television (only Hồng Lĩnh Hà Tĩnh matches), Bình Dương Television (BTV2) (only Becamex Bình Dương matches)
Websitevpf.vn
2020 V.League 1

V.League 1 (Vietnamese: Giải Bóng đá Vô Địch Quốc Gia Việt Nam), also called LS V.League 1 due to sponsorship reasons, is the top professional football league in Vietnam, controlled by the Vietnam Professional Football Joint Stock Company. It is contested by 14 clubs who play each other on a home and away basis. The team finishing at the top at the end of the season is crowned the champion and enters the AFC Champions League.

The league was founded in 1980 as the All Vietnam Football Championship, with Tổng Cục Đường Sắt emerging as the first winner. Thể Công is the most successful club in the league's history, having won the title five times. The league turned professional in the 2000–2001 season, which allowed clubs to hire foreign players. Vietnam Professional Football (VPF) was established in 2012, and the organising power was transferred from the Vietnam Football Federation (VFF) to VPF.

History

Foundation and early days

The V-League 1, as it is known today, dates back to 1980 when the first semi-professional league was launched (then known as the All Vietnam Football Championship). Seventeen clubs participated in the competition which was split into three groups and conducted more like a cup competition, with the winner from each group qualifying for the Championship Stage. Công An Hà Nội, Tổng Cục Đường Sắt and Hải Quan were the three teams to qualify, with Tổng Cục Đường Sắt ultimately taking the title. That format, although the teams were split into two groups, continued until 1995 when the league reverted to a more traditional league format.

Turning professional

League football in Vietnam would turn professional in the 2000–2001 season, which saw the league change its name to its current moniker, V-League 1. In that inaugural V-League 1 season there were only ten clubs, with tighter restrictions meaning fewer teams. Over the next decade the league grew from 10 teams to the current fourteen, with the team that finishes on top of the table qualifying for the AFC Champions League. Clubs were allowed to hire foreign players from this season on.

VPF establishment

Following a season marred by accusations of refereeing corruption and a cover-up by the V.League governing body Vietnam Football Federation (VFF), six clubs (Đồng Tâm Long An, Hoàng Anh Gia Lai, Hanoi ACB, Vissai Ninh Bình, Khatoco Khánh Hòa and Lam Sơn Thanh Hóa[1]) threatened to leave the league and form an entirely new league for the 2012 season. The most outspoken club in the move was Hanoi ACB, who were going through relegation from the V.League, with its chairman Nguyen Duc Kien announcing that ACB would spearhead the move. Due to the controversy, league sponsor EximBank expressed its intention to drop its title sponsorship of the league. League officials scrambled to resolve the issues, going as far as hiring foreign referees for the 2012 season.[2][3] After a meeting on 29 September, representatives of the VFF and the 14 V.League 1 teams and 14 V.League 2 teams announced the formation of a new corporation, the VPF, Vietnam Professional Football Joint Stock Company to manage the V-League. The VFF would hold a 36% stake in the new corporation, and the rest would be held by clubs.[1]

From the 2012 season, the organising power was transferred from the VFF to the VPF (Vietnamese Professional Football), and the V.League 1 was initially changed to the Super League, although this name was short-lived and the league was renamed back to V.League 1 later in the season. The first division was renamed the V.League 2. At the same time, many clubs found themselves in financial and sponsor issues, and many clubs withdrew, merge, bought another or failed to meet requirements for leagues. As a result, the number of clubs in each league changed dramatically.

Competition format

Sponsorship

Since the 2000–2001 season, the V.League 1 has been branded with a principal sponsor's name and logo. The following companies have acted as principal sponsors:[7]

Controversies

2013 controversy

After Xuân Thành Sài Gòn was docked points for what the VFF deemed the club unsportsmanlike conduct when the club fielded a noncompetitive squad for their Matchday 20 meeting with Sông Lam Nghệ An, club officials announced that the club would withdraw from the league. On 22 August 2013, the VFF approved Xuân Thành Sài Gòn's withdrawal request. Matches where the club was involved were vacated. The VFF is still debating if the last place club will still be relegated to V.League 2, though the league charter states that the club in 12th place would be the only club relegated in the 2013 campaign.[9]

Relegation was cancelled for the 2013 campaign after Xuân Thành Sài Gòn withdrew from the V.League 1 before the conclusion of the season.[10] QNK Quảng Nam, Than Quảng Ninh and Hùng Vương An Giang, as winners, first runners-up and second runners-up respectively, were promoted from the 2013 V.League 2 season. Kienlongbank Kiên Giang failed to apply for the 2014 campaign and subsequently folded during the offseason.[11]

2014 Match-fixing scandal

Vissai Ninh Bình wrote to the Vietnam Football Federation (VFF) and to the Vietnam Professional Football Joint Stock Company to be allowed to stop their participation in the league and also the AFC Cup due to 13 players being involved in match fixing. They had played eight league matches and were third from bottom at the time.[12] Following their withdrawal from the league, all their results were declared null and void.[13]

Rule Changes, due to the match fixing scandal and withdrawal of Vissai Ninh Bình, it was decided that the bottom-placed team at the end of the season will take part in a play-off match against the third-placed team in the First Division for the right to play in the V-League next season.[14]

Clubs

Current clubs

Clubs competing in 2020 season:

Personnel and kits

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

Team Manager Captain Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor
Becamex Bình Dương Vietnam Nguyễn Thanh Sơn Lê Tấn Tài Kamito Becamex IDC
Dược Nam Hà Nam Định Vietnam Nguyễn Văn Sỹ Lê Văn Phú Kelme Dược Nam Hà
Hà Nội Vietnam Chu Đình Nghiêm Nguyễn Văn Quyết Kappa SCG
Hải Phòng Vietnam Phạm Anh Tuấn Doãn Ngọc Tân Jogarbola Asanzo
Hoàng Anh Gia Lai South Korea Lee Tae-hoon Nguyễn Tuấn Anh Mizuno Thaco
Hồng Lĩnh Hà Tĩnh Vietnam Phạm Minh Đức Ma Văn Tuấn Kelme SCG
Quảng Nam Vietnam Vũ Hồng Việt Đinh Thanh Trung Jogarbola LS Group
Sài Gòn Vietnam Hoàng Văn Phúc Nguyễn Ngọc Duy Ari Naga
SHB Đà Nẵng Vietnam Lê Huỳnh Đức Hà Đức Chinh Kamito SHB
Sông Lam Nghệ An Vietnam Ngô Quang Trường Trần Nguyên Mạnh Mitre Bac A Bank
Than Quảng Ninh Vietnam Phan Thanh Hùng Huỳnh Tuấn Linh Joma Vinacomin
Thanh Hóa Vietnam Nguyễn Thành Công Lê Văn Thắng Jogarbola Rapido
TP Hồ Chí Minh South Korea Jung Hae-seong Trần Phi Sơn Kappa CityLand
Viettel Vietnam Trương Việt Hoàng Bùi Tiến Dũng FBT Viettel

Managerial changes

Team Outgoing manager Manner of departure Date of vacancy Position in table Incoming manager Date of appointment
Becamex Bình Dương Vietnam Nguyễn Thanh Sơn Interim over 24 October 2019 Pre-season Brazil Carlos Oliveira 27 November 2019
Hải Phòng Vietnam Trương Việt Hoàng Resigned 24 October 2019 Vietnam Phạm Anh Tuấn 16 November 2019
Sài Gòn Vietnam Nguyễn Thành Công Resigned 24 October 2019 Vietnam Hoàng Văn Phúc 22 November 2019
Thanh Hóa Vietnam Mai Xuân Hợp Interim over 24 October 2019 Italy Fabio Lopez 22 November 2019
Viettel Vietnam Nguyễn Hải Biên Interim over 24 October 2019 Vietnam Trương Việt Hoàng 12 November 2019
Sông Lam Nghệ An Vietnam Nguyễn Đức Thắng Promoted to Technical Director 16 December 2019 Vietnam Ngô Quang Trường 16 December 2019

Stadiums

Primary venues used in the 2020 V.League 1:

Becamex Bình Dương Sài Gòn Hồng Lĩnh Hà Tĩnh TP Hồ Chí Minh Hà Nội
Gò Đậu Stadium Thống Nhất Stadium Hà Tĩnh Stadium Thống Nhất Stadium Hàng Đẫy Stadium
Capacity: 18,250 Capacity: 25,000 Capacity: 20,000 Capacity: 25,000 Capacity: 25,000
SVĐ Gò Đậu.JPG Thống Nhất Stadium.JPG SVK-std-inside3.JPG Thống Nhất Stadium.JPG Sân vận động Hàng Đẫy.jpg
Hải Phòng Hoàng Anh Gia Lai Quảng Nam SHB Đà Nẵng Sông Lam Nghệ An
Lạch Tray Stadium Pleiku Stadium Tam Kỳ Stadium Hòa Xuân Stadium Vinh Stadium
Capacity: 28,000 Capacity: 12,000 Capacity: 15,624 Capacity: 20,500 Capacity: 18,000
Singha Stadium.jpg ASEAN Cup 2008.JPG StadAnouvong.jpg Hoa Xuan Stadium.jpg Sport School Stadium Nakhon Pathom.jpg
Than Quảng Ninh Thanh Hóa Viettel Nam Định
Cẩm Phả Stadium Thanh Hóa Stadium Hàng Đẫy Stadium Thiên Trường Stadium
Capacity: 15,000 Capacity: 14,000 Capacity: 25,000 capacity :25,000
RayongCentralStadium.JPG Surat Thani stadium.jpg Sân vận động Hàng Đẫy.jpg Phnom Penh Army Stadium.JPG

Players

Rules on foreign players

Clubs are only allowed to register three foreign players per season.[15] In prior seasons, clubs were allowed to register two foreign players.

Starting from 2015 season, the number of foreign players allowed by clubs is reduced to 2 players plus 1 naturalised player.

From 2019 season, the rules on foreign players is change again, the number of foreign players allowed by clubs is 3 players and 1 naturalised player.[16]

Top scorers by season

Season[7] Name Club Goals
1980 Vietnam Lê Văn Đặng Công an Hà Nội 10
1981–82 Vietnam Võ Thành Sơn Sở Công Nghiệp 15
1982–83 Vietnam Nguyễn Cao Cường Thể Công 22
1984 Vietnam Nguyễn Văn Dũng Nam Định 15
1985 Vietnam Nguyễn Văn Dũng Nam Định 15
1986 Vietnam Nguyễn Văn Dũng
Vietnam Nguyễn Minh Huy
Nam Định
Hải Quan
12
1987–88 Vietnam Lưu Tấn Liêm Hải Quan 15
1989 Vietnam Hà Vương Ngầu Nại Cảng Sài Gòn 10
1990 Vietnam Nguyễn Hồng Sơn Thể Công 10
1991 Vietnam Hà Vương Ngầu Nại Cảng Sài Gòn 10
1992 Vietnam Trần Minh Toàn Quảng Nam-Đà Nẵng 6
1993–94 Vietnam Nguyễn Công Long
Vietnam Bùi Sĩ Thành
Bình Định
Long An
12
1995 Vietnam Trần Minh Chiến Công an Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh 14
1996 Vietnam Lê Huỳnh Đức Công an Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh 25
1997 Vietnam Lê Huỳnh Đức Công an Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh 16
1998 Vietnam Nguyễn Văn Dũng Nam Định 17
1999
Unofficial
Vietnam Vũ Minh Hiếu Công an Hà Nội 8
1999–2000 Vietnam Văn Sỹ Thủy Sông Lam Nghệ An 14
2000–01 Vietnam Đặng Đạo Khánh Hòa 11
2001–02 Vietnam Hồ Văn Lợi Cảng Sài Gòn 9
2003 Nigeria Emeka Achilefu Nam Định 11
2004 Nigeria Amaobi Uzowuru Nam Định 15
2005 Brazil Kesley Alves Becamex Bình Dương 21
2006 Brazil Elenildo de Jesus Thép Miền Nam Cảng Sài Gòn 18
2007 Brazil Jose Emidio de Almeida SHB Đà Nẵng 16
2008 Brazil Jose Emidio de Almeida SHB Đà Nẵng 23
2009 Vietnam Đỗ Merlo
Brazil Lazaro de Souza
SHB Đà Nẵng
Quân khu 4
15
2010 Vietnam Đỗ Merlo SHB Đà Nẵng 19
2011 Vietnam Đỗ Merlo SHB Đà Nẵng 22
2012 Nigeria Timothy Anjembe Hà Nội ACB 17
2013 Argentina Gonzalo Marronkle
Vietnam Hoàng Vũ Samson
Hà Nội 14
2014 Vietnam Hoàng Vũ Samson Hà Nội 23
2015 Democratic Republic of the Congo Patiyo Tambwe QNK Quảng Nam 18
2016 Vietnam Đỗ Merlo SHB Đà Nẵng 24
2017 Vietnam Nguyễn Anh Đức Becamex Bình Dương 17
2018 Nigeria Oseni Ganiyu Hà Nội 17
2019 Senegal Pape Omar Faye
Brazil Bruno Cantanhede
Hà Nội
Viettel
15

Starting from the 2000 season when foreign players can played in the league, the top goalscorer are always foreign players (expect Nguyễn Anh Đức from Becamex Bình Dương in 2017 season)

Statistics

List of champions

The following is a historical list of champions and runners-up of the V.League 1 by season. Superscripts in brackets (such as (2)) indicate a repeat win.

Season[7] Champion Runner-up Third Place
1980 Tổng Cục Đường Sắt Công An Hà Nội Hải Quan
1981–82 Thể Công Quân Khu Thủ đô Công An Hà Nội
1982–83 Thể Công (2) Hải Quan Cảng Hải Phòng
1984 Công An Hà Nội Thể Công Sở Công Nghiệp Trà Vinh
1985 Nam Định Sở Công Nghiệp Trà Vinh Cảng Sài Gòn
1986 Cảng Sài Gòn Thể Công Hải Quan
1987–88 Thể Công (3) Công Nhân Quảng Nam Đà Nẵng An Giang
1989 Đồng Tháp Thể Công Công An Hà Nội
1990 Thể Công (4) Công Nhân Quảng Nam Đà Nẵng Hải Quan
1991 Hải Quan Công Nhân Quảng Nam Đà Nẵng Cảng Sài Gòn
1992 Đà Nẵng Công An Hải Phòng Thể Công
1993–94 Cảng Sài Gòn (2) Công An Thành Phố Thể Công
1995 Công An Thành Phố Huế Cảng Sài Gòn
1996 Đồng Tháp (2) Công An Thành Phố Sông Lam Nghệ An
1997 Cảng Sài Gòn (3) Sông Lam Nghệ An Thể Công
1998 Thể Công (5) Sông Lam Nghệ An Công An Thành Phố
1999–2000 Sông Lam Nghệ An Công An Thành Phố Công An Hà Nội
2000–01 Sông Lam Nghệ An (2) Đạm Phú Mỹ Nam Định Thể Công
2001–02 Cảng Sài Gòn (4) Công An Thành Phố Sông Lam Nghệ An
2003 Hoàng Anh Gia Lai Gạch Đồng Tâm Long An Đạm Phú Mỹ Nam Định
2004 Hoàng Anh Gia Lai (2) Đạm Phú Mỹ Nam Định Gạch Đồng Tâm Long An
2005 Long An SHB Đà Nẵng Becamex Bình Dương
2006 Long An (2) Becamex Bình Dương Boss Bình Định
2007 Becamex Bình Dương Gạch Đồng Tâm Long An Hoàng Anh Gia Lai
2008 Becamex Bình Dương (2) Gạch Đồng Tâm Long An Xi Măng Hải Phòng
2009 SHB Đà Nẵng (2) Becamex Bình Dương Sông Lam Nghệ An
2010 Hà Nội Xi Măng Hải Phòng TĐCS Đồng Tháp
2011 Sông Lam Nghệ An (3) Hà Nội SHB Đà Nẵng
2012 SHB Đà Nẵng (3) Hà Nội Sài Gòn Xuân Thành
2013 Hà Nội (2) Hoàng Anh Gia Lai SHB Đà Nẵng
2014 Becamex Bình Dương (3) Hà Nội FLC Thanh Hóa
2015 Becamex Bình Dương (4) Hà Nội FLC Thanh Hóa
2016 Hà Nội (3) Hải Phòng SHB Đà Nẵng
2017 Quảng Nam FLC Thanh Hóa Hà Nội
2018 Hà Nội (4) FLC Thanh Hóa Sanna Khánh Hòa BVN
2019 Hà Nội (5) TP Hồ Chí Minh Than Quảng Ninh

Top-performing clubs

No. of championships[17] Clubs
5 Thể Công (Viettel), Hà Nội
4 Becamex Bình Dương, Cảng Sài Gòn (TP Hồ Chí Minh)
3 Sông Lam Nghệ An, SHB Đà Nẵng
2 Hoàng Anh Gia Lai, Long An, Đồng Tháp
1 Hải Quan, Nam Định, Công An Hà Nội, Tổng Cục Đường Sắt, Công An Thành Phố, Quảng Nam

Boldface indicates clubs playing in 2019 season

All-time appearances

Top ten players with most appearances
Player Period Club(s) Games
1 Vietnam Nguyễn Thế Anh 1966–1984 Thể Công 412 412
2 Vietnam Nguyễn Hồng Sơn 1988–2004 Thể Công 401 401
3 Vietnam Đặng Phương Nam 1992–2007 Thể Công 388 388
4 Vietnam Phan Văn Tài Em 2002–2011 Long An 305, Navibank Saigon 44, Xuân Thành Sài Gòn F.C. 27 376
5 Vietnam Nguyễn Anh Đức 2006–2019 DongA Bank 9, Becamex Bình Dương 355 364
6 Vietnam Dương Hồng Sơn 1998–2015 Sông Lam Nghệ An 206, Hà Nội 95 301
- Vietnam Nguyễn Cao Cường 1970–1989 Thể Công 301 301
7 Vietnam Nguyễn Minh Phương 1998–2015 Cảng Sài Gòn 95, Long An 171, SHB Đà Nẵng 38, 294
8 Vietnam Thạch Bảo Khanh 1998-2014 Thể Công 233, Lam Sơn Thanh Hoá 24, Hà Nội 32 289
9 Vietnam Phạm Thành Lương 2005- Hanoi ACB 144, Hà Nội 127 271
10 Vietnam Lê Tấn Tài 2003- Sanna Khanh Hoa BVN F.C. 164, Hải Phòng 11, Becamex Bình Dương 93 268

Boldface indicates a player still active in the V.League 1.

All-time top scorers

Player Period Clubs (mostly known as) Goals
1 VietnamNigeria Hoàng Vũ Samson 2007– Đồng Tháp, Hà Nội, Quảng Nam 170
2 VietnamArgentina Đỗ Merlo 2009– SHB Đà Nẵng 135
3 Vietnam Lê Công Vinh 2004–2016 Sông Lam Nghệ An, Hà Nội 116
- Vietnam Nguyễn Anh Đức 2005–2019 DongA Bank, Becamex Bình Dương 116
4 Vietnam Nguyễn Văn Quyết 2011– Hà Nội 107
5 VietnamBrazil Huỳnh Kesley Alves 2003– Becamex Bình Dương, Hoàng Anh Gia Lai, Sài Gòn Xuân Thành, Sanna Khánh Hòa, TP Hồ Chí Minh 106
6 Brazil Antonio Carlos 2003–2015 Long An 94
7 Argentina Gonzalo Marronkle 2009–2017 Hà Nội 81
9 Vietnam Lê Huỳnh Đức 1995–2007 Hồ Chí Minh City Police F.C., SHB Đà Nẵng 79
- Nigeria Timothy Anjembe 2009–2015 Hòa Phát Hà Nội, Hà Nội ACB, Hoàng Anh Gia Lai 79
10 Brazil Jose Emidio de Almeida 2006–2014 SHB Đà Nẵng 71

Boldface indicates a player still active in the V.League 1.

Youth League

In addition to the V-League, there is also a reserve youth League for U-19 players, with the aim to improve the quality of V-League and to become the future seeds for the clubs and national team themselves.

Year Venue Finals 3rd place
Champions Results Runners-up
U18
1995 TP. Hồ Chí Minh Bến Tre 1-1, 4-2 (11m) TP. Hồ Chí Minh Công an Hà NộiQuảng Ngãi
1997 Hà Nội Thanh Hoá 1-0 Thể Công Hà Nội
1998 Thể Công
1999 Hà Tĩnh
Nghệ An
Sông Lam Nghệ An 2-0 Hà Tĩnh CATP. Hồ Chí MinhU17 Việt Nam
2000 Hà Tĩnh Hà Tĩnh 3-0 Nam Định Sông Lam Nghệ AnKhánh Hoà
2001 Khánh Hoà Sông Lam Nghệ An 0-0, 5-3 (11m) Khánh Hoà Lâm ĐồngNam Định
2002 TP. Hồ Chí Minh Thể Công 1-0 Sông Lam Nghệ An Đồng ThápTP. Hồ Chí Minh
2003 Đà Nẵng Đồng Tháp - Nam Định Đà Nẵng
2004 Hải Phòng Sông Lam Nghệ An 0-0, 5-4 (11m) Thành Long Đồng ThápĐà Nẵng
2005 TP. Hồ Chí Minh Sông Lam Nghệ An 2-2, 4-3 (11m) TP. Hồ Chí Minh Thể CôngĐồng Nai
U19
2006 TP. Hồ Chí Minh Sông Lam Nghệ An 3-0 Nam Định Thành LongBình Dương
2007 Nam Định Đồng Nai 1-0 Sông Lam Nghệ An Hà Nội - ACBĐPM Nam Định
2008 TP. Hồ Chí Minh Thành Long 3-0[18] Đồng Tâm Long An Sông Lam Nghệ AnĐồng Nai
2009 Gia Lai Viettel 0-0,4-3 (11m) Hoàng Anh Gia Lai Bình ThuậnBecamex Bình Dương
2010 Nghệ An Than Quảng Ninh 1-0[19] Cao su Đồng Tháp SHB Đà NẵngMegastar E&C Nam Định
2011 Phú Thọ Hà Nội T&T 1-1,7-6 (11m)[20] Sông Lam Nghệ An Hoà Phát Hà NộiĐồng Tâm Long An
2012 Đà Nẵng Cao su Đồng Tháp 1-0'[21] SHB Đà Nẵng Sông Lam Nghệ AnHà Nội
2013 Gia Lai
Kon Tum
Khatoco Khánh Hòa 1-1,4-3(11m) Sông Lam Nghệ An Hà Nội T&THà Nội
2014 Pleiku Hà Nội T&T 0-0,5-4 (11m) Sông Lam Nghệ An Hoàng Anh Gia LaiViettel
2015 Vinh PVF 0-0, 4-3 (11m) Hà Nội T&T Đồng Tâm Long AnViettel
2016 Nha Trang Hà Nội T&T 1-1, 6-5 (11m) Viettel Sanatech Khánh HòaPVF
2017 Bình Định U19 Hà Nội 4-2 U19 PVF U19 ViettelU19 Thừa Thiên Huế
2018 Thừa Thiên - Huế U19 Đồng Tháp 0-0, 3-2 (11m) U19 Hà Nội ViettelSông Lam Nghệ An

See also

References

Notes
  1. ^ In response to recent allegations of corruption in the Vietnam Football Federation, Eximbank were reportedly "considering canceling their sponsorship" of the V-League, effective the 2012 season. "6 clubs want to leave V-League, set up own league". tuoitrenews.vn. Archived from the original on 8 December 2011. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
References
  1. ^ a b "Historic change: Company to run Vietnam football". Archived from the original on 1 April 2012. Retrieved 31 October 2011.
  2. ^ "6 clubs want to leave V-League, set up own league". Tuổi Trẻ. 10 September 2011. Archived from the original on 8 December 2011. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
  3. ^ "3 football referees suspended for dishonesty". Tuổi Trẻ. Archived from the original on 8 December 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2011.
  4. ^ "V-League 2010 Regulations (Vietnamese)" (pdf).
  5. ^ "No-relegation V-League a crazy idea: insiders". Tuổi Trẻ News. 10 December 2012. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
  6. ^ "V-League to be fully frofit driven in two years; increase to 14 teams by 2012". aseanfootball.org. ASEAN Football Federation. 10 September 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
  7. ^ a b c http://www.vnleague.com/vdqg-vleague/lich-thi-dau/
  8. ^ "LS Holdings to sponsor V.League 1 and V.League 2 in 2020". Vietnamnet Global. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  9. ^ "Saigon Xuan Thanh withdraws from V-League". Vietnam Net. 23 August 2013.
  10. ^ "Saigon Xuan Thanh withdraws from V-League". VietnamNet.vn. 23 August 2013. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
  11. ^ "V-League 2014 kick off slated for mid-January". VietnamNet.vn. 26 November 2013. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
  12. ^ "AFC to Monitor Vietnam Match-Fixing Issue". aseanfootball.org. 12 April 2014. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
  13. ^ "Ninh Bình Quit V-League but Not AFC Cup". aseanfootball.org. 18 April 2014. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
  14. ^ "Organisers adjust V-League after Ninh Bình withdrawal". english.vietnamnet.vn. 17 April 2014. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
  15. ^ "VFF promotes local league talent". Vietnam Net. 6 November 2012. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
  16. ^ https://m.thethao247.vn/289-ke-tu-v-league-2019-moi-clb-duoc-dang-ki-3-suat-ngoai-binh-d169506.html
  17. ^ https://vpf.vn/cac-doi-bong-v-league
  18. ^ Thành Long vô địch giải U19 toàn quốc năm 2008
  19. ^ Than Quảng Ninh vô địch giải bóng đá lứa tuổi 19 QG-Cúp Sơn Kova 2010
  20. ^ [1]
  21. ^ VCK giải b.đá lứa tuổi 19 QG - Cúp Sơn Kova 2012: TĐCS Đồng Tháp lên ngôi vô địch