University of Manitoba

Enlarge Order of Canada Université de Saint-Boniface
University of Manitoba
MottoFloreat  (Latin)
Motto in English
Flourish (or Prosper)
Established1877; 143 years ago (1877)
Academic affiliations
AUCC, CARL, IAU, CVU, ACU, Campus Manitoba
Endowment$709.8 million[1]
ChancellorAnne Mahon
PresidentMichael Benarroch
Academic staff
Administrative staff
66 Chancellors Circle
, , ,
R3T 2N2
CampusUrban, 676 acres (Fort Garry Campus)[3]
ColoursBrown and Gold[4]
Sporting affiliations

The University of Manitoba (U of M, UManitoba, or UM) is a public research university in the province of Manitoba, Canada. Its main campus is located in the Fort Garry neighbourhood of southern Winnipeg with other campuses throughout the city. Founded in 1877, it is the first university of western Canada.[5] The university maintains a reputation as a top research-intensive post-secondary educational institution[5] and conducts more research annually than any other university in the region.

The U of M is the largest university both by total student enrolment and campus area in the province of Manitoba, and the 17th-largest in all of Canada. The campus boasts dozens of faculties and hundreds of degree programs. The U of M is a member of the U15 and of Universities Canada, while its global affiliations include the International Association of Universities and the Association of Commonwealth Universities. Its increased global outreach has resulted in one of the most internationally diverse student bodies in Canada, while its competitive academic and research programs have consistently ranked among the top in the Canadian Prairies.

The Manitoba Bisons represent the team in athletics as a member of U Sports and Canada West Universities Athletic Association (CWUAA).

University of Manitoba alumni include Nobel Prize recipients, Academy Award winners, Order of Merit recipients, and Olympic medalists, among many others. As of 2019, there have been 99 Rhodes Scholarship recipients from the University of Manitoba, more than that of any other university in western Canada.[6][7] Likewise, the university has produced countless government figures, including provincial premiers, Supreme Court justices, and Members of Parliament (MPs). Research at the U of M has produced various world-renowned contributions, including the creation of canola oil in the 1970s.

Along with the Fort Garry campus as its central hub, the University of Manitoba operates three other major locations: the Bannatyne Campus, the James W. Burns Executive Education Centre, and the William Norrie Centre.[8] Additionally, the university also administers its French-language affiliate, Université de Saint-Boniface in the Saint Boniface ward of Winnipeg.


Early history

Historical photo of the university

The University of Manitoba is a non-denominational university, founded by Alexander Morris, that received a charter on February 28, 1877, becoming the first university to be established in all of western Canada.[5] It officially opened on June 20, 1877[9] to confer degrees on students graduating from its three founding colleges: St. Boniface College (Roman Catholic/Francophone), St John's College (Anglican), and Manitoba College (Presbyterian). The U of M would grant its first degrees in 1880.[10]

The University would add a number of colleges to its corporate and associative body since. In 1882, the Manitoba Medical College, founded by physicians and surgeons, became a part of the University. The College's Bacteriological Research Building would be designed by architect Charles Henry Wheeler in 1897,[11] while the Science Building, between 1899–1900 by architect George Creeford Browne.[12] Other colleges soon followed:

In 1901, the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba would change the University Act so as to allow the University to do its own teaching. In 1905, a building in downtown Winnipeg became the University's first teaching facility, with a staff of six science professors. The governance would be modeled on the provincial University of Toronto Act (1906), which would establish a bicameral system of university government consisting of a senate (faculty), who are responsible for academic policy, and a board of governors (citizens), who exercise exclusive control over financial policy and have formal authority in all other matters. The president, appointed by the board, was to provide a link between the two bodies and to perform institutional leadership.[13]

In the early part of the 20th century, professional education expanded beyond the traditional fields of theology, law, and medicine. Graduate training based on the German-inspired American model of specialized course work and the completion of a research thesis was introduced.[13]

The Manitoba Medical Alumni Association would erect the Medical Corps Memorial, dedicated to the memory of the graduates and students of the University of Manitoba Medical College, who had laid down their lives during the North West Rebellion (1 name); 1900 South African War (1 name); and The Great War [i.e., World War I] (7 names).[14]

The first school of architecture in western Canada was founded in 1919 at the University of Manitoba.[15]

By 1920, the University would be the largest university in the Canadian Prairies and the fifth largest in Canada, with 1,654 male and 359 female students, as well as 184 academic staff (including 6 women). It had eight faculties: Arts, Science, Law, Medicine, Engineering, Architecture, Pharmacy, and Agriculture.[16]

Robson Hall – Faculty of Law

The Faculty of Law was an affiliated college, the Manitoba Law School, which was founded in 1914 by the University and the Law Society of Manitoba. In 1920, the college had 123 students (including 5 women), and 21 academic staff.[16] The college would become a full part of the university in 1966.[17]

Originally located on Broadway, the University would move to its permanent site in Fort Garry in 1929, following the addition of more programs, schools, and faculties. The university maintained the Broadway facilities for many years.[10]

The University would establish an Evening Institute in 1936.

St. Andrew's College, which originally trained the ministry for the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada, became an affiliated college in 1981. The College would be the first Ukrainian-language college opened by the Orthodox Church in North America. Today, it remains a home to a large Ukrainian cultural and religious library.

Responding to population pressure, the policy of university education would be initiated in the 1960s.[13] As result, in 1967, two of the colleges that had originally been part of the University of Manitoba were given university status of their own by the provincial government: United College, which had been formed by the merging of Wesley College and Manitoba College, would become the University of Winnipeg; and Brandon College would become Brandon University.

St. Boniface College and St. John's College, two of the founding colleges of the University, still remain part of the University of Manitoba. St. Boniface is the University's only French-language college, offering instruction in French, as well as facilities for the training of teachers who expect to teach in the French language. St. John's, which dates back to 1820, offers instruction in Arts and Science and, among other special programs, prepares men and women for the ordained ministry of the Anglican Church.


On 28 February 2002, Canada Post issued 'University of Manitoba, 1877–2002' as part of the Canadian Universities series. The stamp was based on a design by Steven Slipp, based on photographs by Mike Grandmaison and on an illustration by Bonnie Ross. The 48¢ stamps are perforated 13.5 and were printed by Ashton-Potter Canada Limited.[18]

University of Manitoba Administration Building.
University Centre at University of Manitoba.jpg

U of M Fort Garry Campus

The main Fort Garry campus (66 Chancellors Circle, on the Red River in south Winnipeg) comprises over 60 teaching and research buildings of the University and sits on 274 hectares (680 acres) of land.[8] Among these buildings, 33 are used for teaching, of which 4 are colleges: St. John's College, St. Paul's College, St. Andrew's College, and University College. The remaining buildings include laboratories, administrative and service offices, and residences, as well as Smartpark, the location of 7 buildings leased to research and development organizations involving university-industry partnerships.

In 2013, the University of Manitoba sponsored an urban planning design competition[19] to plan an extension to the Fort Garry Campus. The goal is to improve the general campus experience and guide future growth of parking citation revenue by establishing an urban framework for housing, university buildings and the associated public transportation in the area. The winning design submission[20] was from Janet Rosenberg & Studio Inc. (Toronto) and Cibinel Architects Ltd. (Winnipeg) with Landmark Planning & Design Inc. (Winnipeg) and ARUP Canada Inc. (Toronto).

Other Campuses

The William Norrie Centre on Selkirk Avenue is the campus for social work education for inner-city residents. The University operates agricultural research stations near Glenlea and Carman, Manitoba.[8] The Ian N. Morrison Research Farm near Carman is a 406 acres (164 ha) facility 70 km (43 mi) from Winnipeg, while the Glenlea facility is approximately 1,000 acres (405 ha) and is 20 km (12 mi) from Winnipeg. [21]

Rady Faculty of Health Sciences and UM Bannatyne Campus

U of M's Bannatyne Campus is a complex of ten buildings in central Winnipeg belonging to the university's health sciences branch. Located about 13 kilometers north of the Fort Garry site, this campus is adjoined to the west of Winnipeg's Health Sciences Centre (HSC), between McDermot and William Avenue.

The Bannatyne Campus is home to the Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, the U of M faculty that was established to consolidate the university's health education community into a more unified body.[22] The Rady Faculty consists of several health sciences departments, including the Max Rady College of Medicine, the Dr. Gerald Niznick College of Dentistry, the College of Rehabilitation Sciences, and the College of Pharmacy, as well as the College of Nursing, although it still remains on the Fort Garry campus.

Departments and Facilities

The Brodie Centre is the main building of the Bannatyne campus, which not only connects the various health education facilities but also the Neil John MacLean Health Sciences Library and the Joe Doupe Fitness Centre.

The College of Pharmacy, originally located at Fort Garry, moved to the Bannatyne campus on October 16, 2008 with the opening of the 95,000 sq ft (8,800 m2) Apotex Centre.[23] The Faculty of Pharmacy Apotex Centre is detached from the rest of the Bannatyne complex, located right across from the main entrance of the Brodie Centre.[24]

The Dental Building is the westernmost building of the entire campus, housing the Dr. Gerald Niznick College of Dentistry. The College encompasses the entirety of dental education offered at the U of M, including the School of Dental Hygiene.[25]

Although the College of Nursing also belongs to the consolidated Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, it remains on the Fort Garry campus until additional facilities can be built at Bannatyne.

The Max Rady College of Medicine

The Max Rady College of Medicine has 27 academic departments found throughout the Bannatyne campus, the Health Sciences Centre, and other Winnipeg health sciences facilities.[26] Each department is involved in teaching, research, service and clinical activities with an academic staff of approximately 1,630 faculty members.[26] The college also consists of several centres, institutes, and research groups, often in partnership with other health sciences organizations.[26]

Department Location
Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine Harry Medovy House (HSC)
Biochemistry and Medical Genetics Basic Medical Sciences Building
Clinical Health Psychology PsycHealth Centre (HSC)
Community Health Sciences Pathology Building
Continuing Competency and Assessment Brodie Centre
Family Medicine Pathology Building
Emergency Medicine Medical Services Building
Human Anatomy & Cell Science Basic Medical Sciences Building
Immunology Apotex Centre
Internal Medicine Health Sciences Centre
Medical Education Medical Services
Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases Basic Medical Sciences Building
Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences N/A
Ophthalmology Misericordia Health Centre
Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery Health Sciences Centre
Pathology Pathology Building
Pediatrics and Child Health Children's Hospital (HSC)
Pharmacology & Therapeutics Chown Building
Physiology and Pathophysiology Basic Medical Sciences Building
Psychiatry PsycHealth Centre (HSC)
Radiology Health Sciences Centre

Max Rady College of Medicine Centres, Institutes, & Research Groups
Organization Partnership or Department
Centre for the Advancement of Medicine (CAM)
Centre for Global Public Health (CGPH) Department of Community Health Sciences (U of M)
Centre for Research and Treatment of Atherosclerosis (CRTA)
Centre for Cranial Nerve Disorders (CCND) Health Sciences Centre,

Winnipeg Regional Health Authority (WRHA)

Children’s Hospital Research Institute of Manitoba (CHRIM) Children's Hospital Foundation of Manitoba,


Diabetes Research and Treatment Centre (DRTC)
Genome Prairie Genome Prairie
George and Fay Yee Centre for Healthcare Innovation (CHI) Strategy for Patient-Oriented Research,


Institute of Cardiovascular Research (ICS) St. Boniface Hospital Research Centre
Jim Davie Lab & Epigenetic Research Department of Biochemistry and Medical Genetics (U of M)
Manitoba Centre for Health Policy (MCHP) Department of Community Health Sciences (U of M)
Manitoba Epigenetic Network Department of Biochemistry and Medical Genetics (U of M)
The Research Institute in Oncology and Hematology (RIOH) CancerCare Manitoba
Manitoba Clinical Research Portal CHI
National Collaborating Centre for Infectious Diseases (NCCID)[27] Public Health Agency of Canada (financial contribution)
St. Boniface Hospital Research Centre (SBRC)
Spinal Cord Research Centre (SCRC) Health Sciences Centre Foundation,

Canadian Paraplegic Association


In 2007–08, the University acquired more than CA$150 million in research income. The University holds 48 Canada Research Chairs and is either home to or a partner in 37 different research centres, institutes, and shared facilities. These centres foster collaborative research and scholarship.

The U of M is the network leader of Intelligent Sensing for Innovative Structures (ISIS) Canada, headquartered at the Faculty of Engineering. ISIS Canada is a National Network of Centres of Excellence (NCE), developing better ways to build, repair, and monitor civil structures. The University is a member of 13 other NCEs. The Centre for Defence and Security Studies at the U of M has a research, teaching, and outreach program designed to advance knowledge, understanding and debate in Canada on defence and security issues.[28]


University rankings
Global rankings
ARWU World[29]301–400
QS World[30]601–650
Times World[31]351–400
U.S News & World Report Global[32]388
Canadian rankings
ARWU National[29]13–18
QS National[30]20–22
Times National[31]15–16
U.S News & World Report National[32]16
Maclean's Medical/Doctoral[33]14

The university has a total enrolment of approximately 26,000 students in 24 faculties. Most academic units offer graduate studies programs leading to master's or doctoral degrees. The University of Manitoba ranked 14th in Maclean's Medical/Doctoral university category, tied with the University of Saskatchewan.[33] The Medical/Doctoral category ranks Canadian universities that are research-intensive.[33]

There are five colleges under the University of Manitoba banner: Université de Saint-Boniface (University of St. Boniface, where courses are taught completely in French), St. John's College, St. Paul's College, St. Andrew's College, and University College. Within these colleges are multiple faculties.

Along with those listed under the Rady Faculty of Health Sciences section above, faculties and programs found at the University of Manitoba include:

Indigenous community

The University of Manitoba provides services to urban and rural Indigenous people. The University's Department of Native Studies is the oldest such unit in Western Canada.[34] Many of the Indigenous Access programs include summer courses that bring new Indigenous students to campus before the start of the school year for campus orientation sessions. Indigenous Elders are present on campus at the U of M to provide social supports at Migizii Agamik (Bald Eagle Lounge), the Indigenous Centre on campus.[35] Tutoring services are available within the U of M's Medicine, Engineering,[36] and Social Work ACCESS Programs. The University connects with First Nations communities to talk to potential students at a much younger age through Curry Biz Camp, which fosters entrepreneurship among young First Nations and Métis students.[37] On June 2, 2017, Indigenous knowledge and guidance became a formally-recognized part of the Rady Faculty of Health Sciences with the creation of Ongomiizwin, the largest Indigenous education and health unit in Canada in terms of scope and mandate.[38]

Libraries, Museums, and Archives

The Anthropology Laboratory Museum at the U of M collects, inventories, and displays artifacts including cartographic materials, prints, drawings, and textual records from the Manitoba Region. The Human History collection includes archaeological and ceremonial objects, and weapons. The Natural Sciences artifacts include biological, zooarchaeological, aquatic, Earth Science, Geological and Paleontological Collections.[39]

The main art gallery on campus is "School of Art Gallery."[40] Other art galleries include: Arch II, Faculty of Architecture, Dr. Paul H. T. Thorlakson Gallery, Icelandic Collection, Elizabeth Dafoe Library, Gallery of Student Art (GOSA), and University Centre.

The University of Manitoba Libraries include:

University administration and faculty

University presidents

Since its establishment, the University of Manitoba has had twelve presidents in total, including:[41]

University chancellors

Andrew Knox Dysart served as Chancellor from 1944 to 1952.

Since its establishment, the University of Manitoba has had fourteen chancellors in total. However, following the first chancellor, between 1904 and 1908, no successor was appointed by the Government.[45] The Vice-Chancellor is currently also the president, David Barnard.[46]

Notable instructors (past and present)

Human Resources

The academic staff are represented by two unions. The professors are represented by the University of Manitoba Faculty Association,[47] while sessional instructors and teaching assistants are represented by the CUPE Local 3909,[48][49] and professors at the Faculty of Dentistry are represented by the University of Manitoba Dental Clinical Staff Association.[50]

The support staff are divided among many unions. The support staff and the campus security are represented by the AESES,[51] though the support staff at the Faculty of the Engineering are represented by CUPE Local 1482.[52] All outside workers are represented by the CAW Local 3007.[53]

Alumni and student life

The University has approximately 27,000 students—24,000 undergraduate and 3,000 graduate. It offers over ninety degrees, including more than sixty at the undergraduate level. Most academic units offer graduate studies programs leading to master's or doctoral degrees. The school song is known as Brown and Gold and was written by W. J. MacDonald with lyrics written by Charles McCullough in 1939.[54]

Notable Alumni

As of 2010, there have been 96 Rhodes Scholars from the University of Manitoba, more than from any other university in Western Canada.[55][56]

Student Groups and Representation

The students at the university are members of the University of Manitoba Students' Union (UMSU). UMSU represents students at the Board of Governors and Senate, as well as providing programs and support to students. The University of Manitoba Graduate Students' Association (UMGSA) also represents over 3,000 graduate students at the University of Manitoba. The UMGSA is guided by its vision, goals and governing documents, all of which focus on promoting and providing graduate student advocacy, offering services and support to students, as well as developing and encouraging involvement in the graduate student community.

The National Panhellenic Conference sororities on campus are Alpha Delta Pi, Alpha Gamma Delta, and Alpha Phi.[57] Fraternities on campus include Delta Upsilon, Delta Kappa Epsilon, and Phi Delta Theta.[58] Fraternity Rush and Sorority Recruitment occur during the first weeks of school in September.

Students can participate in the University of Manitoba Orchestra.[59]

Athletics and recreation

The university is represented in U Sports by the Manitoba Bisons.[60] Athletic facilities on campus include the Max Bell Centre, the Investor's Group Athletic Centre, and IG Field, which opened in 2013 to replace University Stadium.

The University of Manitoba offers recreational programs year-round, including a swimming program, adult classes and summer programs for children. The university's Frank Kennedy Centre, Max Bell Centre, and Investor's Group Athletic Centre contain indoor tracks, a swimming pool, work-out facilities, and an international ice hockey rink, as well as basketball, volleyball, squash and racquetball courts. Frank Kennedy Centre also hosts dance, combat and gymnastics rooms, and indoor tennis courts.

See also


  1. ^ Annual Financial Report 2018, University of Manitoba
  2. ^ a b c d e "Facts and Figures – University of Manitoba". Retrieved 2018-09-27.
  3. ^ "University of Manitoba – About the University". Retrieved 2018-09-27.
  4. ^ "University of Manitoba Visual Identity Guidelines" (PDF). 22 April 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-09-14. Retrieved 5 September 2016.
  5. ^ a b c The University of Manitoba. "About U of M". Retrieved 2020-02-15.
  6. ^ "University of Manitoba – Student Affairs – Financial Aid and Awards – The Rhodes Scholarship". Retrieved 2018-09-27.
  7. ^ "University of Manitoba 2019 Domestic Viewbook" (PDF). 2018-09-27. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-09-28.
  8. ^ a b c University of Manitoba. "About: Our campuses". University of Manitoba. Retrieved 2020-02-15.
  9. ^ Pound, Richard W. (2005). 'Fitzhenry and Whiteside Book of Canadian Facts and Dates'. Fitzhenry and Whiteside.
  10. ^ a b "Music at University of Manitoba". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2008-06-15.
  11. ^ "Wheeler, Charles Henry". Biographical Dictionary of Architects in Canada 1800-1950. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
  12. ^ "Browne, George Creeford". Biographical Dictionary of Architects in Canada 1800-1950. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
  13. ^ a b c d "University of Manitoba". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2008-06-15.
  14. ^ "Medical Corps Memorial". National Defence Canada. Archived from the original on 2014-06-06.
  15. ^ "Architectural Education". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2008-06-15.
  16. ^ a b Dominion Bureau of Statistics, Canada Year Book 1921, Ottawa, 1922
  17. ^ "University of Manitoba Faculty of Law". Archived from the original on 2007-01-12. Retrieved 2006-12-08.
  18. ^ "Canadian Postal Archives Database". Archived from the original on 1 January 2013. Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  19. ^ "Visionary (re)Generation Open International Design Competition". University of Manitoba. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
  20. ^ "Visionary (re)Generation Open International Design Competition". Canadian Competitions Catalogue. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
  21. ^ "Research & Teaching Facilities". University of Manitoba, Department of Plant Science. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
  22. ^ "University of Manitoba - Faculty of Health Sciences - About". Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  23. ^ "University of Manitoba - Rady Faculty of Health Sciences - College of Pharmacy - Facilities". Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  24. ^ "University Bannatyne Campus Map and Tour". Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  25. ^ "University of Manitoba - Faculty of Dentistry - School of Dental Hygiene - The School of Dental Hygiene". Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  26. ^ a b c "University of Manitoba - Faculty of Medicine - Departments & Centres". Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  27. ^ "ABOUT NCCID". National Collaborating Centre for Infectious Diseases. 2015-03-05. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  28. ^ "Centre for Defence and Security Studies". University of Manitoba. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
  29. ^ a b "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2020 - Canada". ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. 2020. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  30. ^ a b "QS World University Rankings - 2021". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2020. Retrieved 10 June 2020.
  31. ^ a b "World University Rankings 2021". Times Higher Education. TES Global. 2021. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  32. ^ a b "Best Global Universities in Canada". U.S. News & World Report. U.S. News & World Report, L.P. 21 October 2019. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  33. ^ a b c "Canada's best Medical Doctoral universities: Rankings 2020". Maclean's. Rogers Media. 3 October 2019. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  34. ^ "About Native Studies". University of Manitoba, Dept. of Native Studies. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
  35. ^ "Indigenous Student Centre". University of Manitoba. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
  36. ^ "Engineering Access Program (ENGAP)". University of Manitoba. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
  37. ^ Mendelson, Michael & Alex Usher (May 2007). "The Aboriginal University Education Roundtable May 24, 2007 The University of Winnipeg" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 26, 2008. Retrieved May 31, 2008.
  38. ^ Elvers, Annette (5 June 2017). "UM launches Ongomiizwin—an Indigenous institute that will clear a path for generations to come". UM Today News. Retrieved 2020-04-05.
  39. ^ "Anthropology Laboratory Museum, University of Manitoba". Archived from the original on June 28, 2013.
  40. ^ "University of Manitoba – School of Art -". Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  41. ^ Office of the President. 2019. "Past Presidents." The University of Manitoba. Retrieved on 5 April 2020.
  42. ^ "Former U. of I. president dead". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. January 19, 1945. p. 1.
  43. ^ "James A. MacLean". Gem of the Mountains, University of Idaho yearbook. (junior class (1903), volume 1). Spring 1902. p. 18.
  44. ^ "Faculty of the University". Gem of the Mountains, University of Idaho yearbook. (junior class (1909), volume 6). Spring 1908. p. 10.
  45. ^ University Governance. 2019. "Past Chancellors." The University of Manitoba. Retrieved on 5 April 2020.
  46. ^ a b University Governance. 2020. "Chancellor." The University of Manitoba. Retrieved on 5 April 2020.
  47. ^ "UMFA". University of Manitoba – Staff Relations. 2018. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
  48. ^ "CUPE Local 3909 - Sessionals". University of Manitoba – Staff Relations. 2018. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
  49. ^ "CUPE Local 3909 - TA's". University of Manitoba – Staff Relations. 2018. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
  50. ^ "University of Manitoba – Human Resources – Staff Relations – HR – Staff Relations – Academic – UMDCSA". Retrieved 2012-03-27.[permanent dead link]
  51. ^ "University of Manitoba – Human Resources – Staff Relations – HR – Staff Relations – Support – AESES". Archived from the original on 2010-05-05. Retrieved 2012-03-27.
  52. ^ "University of Manitoba – Human Resources – Staff Relations – HR – Staff Relations – Support – CUPE – Local 1482". Retrieved 2012-03-27.[permanent dead link]
  53. ^ "University of Manitoba – Human Resources – Staff Relations – HR – Staff Relations – Support – CAW – Local 3007". Retrieved 2012-03-27.[permanent dead link]
  54. ^ University of Manitoba Students Union. “Activities.” Brown and Gold, vol. 24, HIGNELL PRINTING LIMITED, 1943, pp. 133–136.
  55. ^ Chalmers-Brooks, Katie: "The path to Rhodes", On Manitoba, Volume 68, Number 4, April 2009, page 30. The Alumni Association Inc of the University of Manitoba
  56. ^ University Of Manitoba Public Affairs (n.d.). "Ten Great Things to Know about the U of M". Retrieved 2009-05-29.
  57. ^ "University of Manitoba Panhellenic Association".
  58. ^ "Canadians Go Greek! Directory of Fraternities and Sororities". Archived from the original on 2013-03-31. Retrieved 2009-04-16.
  59. ^ "Mahlerfest: Multitudes of Mayhem". The Quill, Volume 106, Issue 9 — November 3, 2015
  60. ^ "University of Manitoba Bisons". Retrieved 12 March 2020.