United Seychelles Party

Seychelles France-Albert René James Michel
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United Seychelles
LeaderJames Michel
FounderFrance-Albert René
Founded1964
NewspaperThe People
Women's wingParti Lepep Women’s League
IdeologyDemocratic socialism
Social democracy
Political positionCentre-left to left-wing
National Assembly
14 / 33
Party flag
Logo of PP Seychelles.svg
Website
www.partilepep.com
Logo of SPUP from 1964 until 1991.
Coat of arms of Seychelles.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Seychelles
Constitution

The United Seychelles Party (formerly known as the People's Party, Seychellois Creole: Parti Lepep, PL) is a political party in Seychelles. It publishes a newspaper called The People. It was known as the Seychelles People's Progressive Front (French: Front Progressiste du Peuple Seychellois) until June 2009.[1] In November 2018, the party changed its name from Parti Lepep to United Seychelles.[2][3]

The SPPF was founded in 1964 by France-Albert René,[4] under the name Seychelles People's United Party, and it was led by him from its inception. The SPUP/SPPF has been the ruling party since 1977 and was the sole legal party in the country from 1979 to 1991 (this period is referred to retrospectively as the "Second Republic"). The SPPF is led by a Central Executive Committee.

Leading members of the party over the years have been René, James Michel (formerly the chief of staff of the armed forces, information minister, finance minister and vice president from 1996–2004; he was the President of Seychelles from 2004 to 2016), Guy Sinon, Jacques Hodoul (a former foreign minister who was regarded as the party's chief ideologue), Joseph Belmont (the current Vice President of Seychelles), and Maxime Ferrari (a former René loyalist who later supported the opposition and wrote an autobiography).

During the era of one-party rule, the party was funded by dues paid by its members and from foreign governments including Tanzania, Algeria, Libya and East Germany.[citation needed]

The party maintains branches in each electoral district and utilizes an extensive system of patronage. At the parliamentary election in 2011, the party won 88.56% of the popular vote and all 31 seats in the National Assembly. That fell to 49.22% and 14 seats in the national assembly after the parliamentary election in 2016, leaving the party in parliamentary opposition for the first time. Since 1993, candidates from Parti Lepep won all the presidential elections in the first round.[5]

Electoral history

Presidential elections

Election Party candidate Votes % Votes % Result
First round Second round
1979 France-Albert René 26,390 98% - - Elected Green tickY
1984 32,883 92.6% - - Elected Green tickY
1989 37,703 96.1% - - Elected Green tickY
1993 25,627 59.5% - - Elected Green tickY
1998 31,048 66.7% - - Elected Green tickY
2001 27,223 54.2% - - Elected Green tickY
2006 James Michel 30,119 53.73% - - Elected Green tickY
2011 31,966 55.46% - - Elected Green tickY
2015 28,911 47.76% 31,512 50.15% Elected Green tickY

National Assembly elections

Election Party leader Votes % Seats +/– Position
1967 France-Albert René 8,621 48.2%
3 / 8
Increase 3 Increase 2nd
1970 15,834 44.1%
5 / 15
Increase 2 Steady 2nd
1974 19,920 47.63%
2 / 15
Decrease 3 Steady 2nd
1979 98%
23 / 25
Increase 21 Increase 1st
1983 20,705 100%
23 / 25
Steady Steady 1st
1987 28,410 100%
23 / 25
Steady Steady 1st
1992 24,538 58.4%
14 / 22
Decrease 9 Steady 1st
1993 24,462 56.6%
27 / 33
Increase 13 Steady 1st
1998 28,610 61.7%
30 / 34
Increase 3 Steady 1st
2002 28,075 54.27%
23 / 34
Decrease 7 Steady 1st
2007 James Michel 30,571 56.76%
23 / 34
Steady Steady 1st
2011 31,123 88.56%
31 / 31
Increase 8 Steady 1st
2016 30,218 49.22%
14 / 33
Decrease 17 Decrease 2nd

Notable people

References

  1. ^ Elections in Seychelles – African Elections Database
  2. ^ http://www.seychellesnewsagency.com/articles/10105/Parti+Lepep%2C+seeking+platform+of+unity%2C+changes+name+to+United+Seychelles
  3. ^ https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-11-26/seychelles-ruling-party-changes-name-ahead-of-2020-elections
  4. ^ "Carrying on the legacy of Nelson Mandela". eTurboNews. 10 December 2013. Retrieved 22 December 2013.
  5. ^ "Presidential elections in Seychelles rescheduled for December 3rd to 5th". Seychelles News Agency. 13 October 2015. Retrieved 3 November 2015.