Transmetro

Guatemala City Pan-American Highway Volvo
Transmetro
Transmetro en Ciudad de Guatemala.jpg
Transmetro Guatemala City
Overview
OwnerGuatemala City
LocaleGuatemala City, Guatemala
Transit typeBus rapid transit
Number of lines8
Line numberLine 1 Centro Historico (Historic Centre)

Line 2 Hipodromo del Norte (Northern Racecourse) Line 6 Norte (North) Line 12 Centra Sur (South Centre) Line 13 Corredor Central (Central Corridor) Line 18 Nor-oriente (North west)

Line 21 Express Zona 21 (Zone 21 Express)
Daily ridershipAbout 120,000
Annual ridership520 Million passengers since opening
Websitemuniguate.com/muni/transmetro/
Operation
Began operationFebruary 3, 2007
Operator(s)Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Guatemala (Municipality of Guatemala City)
Number of vehiclesAbout 300:

~13 Bi-articulated bus ~48 Articulated bus

~239 Non-Articulated bus
HeadwayAverage of 5 Minutes during peak periods
Technical
Average speed60 km/h (37.28 mph)

Transmetro is a bus rapid transit system in Guatemala City, Guatemala. The first line opened on February 3, 2007. The fleet consists of modern Volvo buses made by Ciferal in Brasil. The buses have fixed stops and partly run on dedicated lanes, avoiding other traffic. Both stops and vehicles are guarded by municipal police. Service began in 2007 with a route between the City Hall (Municipalidad) and a market place at Centra Sur (Southern Transfer Station). The second route, Eje Central, started operations on August 14, 2010. This route serves the central corridor between 6th and 7th Avenue of Zones 1, 4, and 9.

Buses run down the middle of the street, separated from other traffic, and stop at stations approximately every kilometre. The stations are in the middle of the street, located near areas of heavy pedestrian activity. Platforms are elevated so as to be level with the floor of the bus. Passengers may access the station via stairways, street crossings, or in some places, tunnels. Elevator access for the disabled is not presently available. However, individuals requiring accessible entry can cross the street to access transportation through gates painted with a wheelchair logo. Roofs in the stations are covered with a transparent plastic covering.

The buses are articulated Brazilian-made vehicles manufactured by Volvo and can carry approximately 100 passengers, including standing passengers.

Security is provided by Guatemala City's transit police. Officers in fluorescent yellow vests are situated at most stations on the route. Sometimes security personnel ride on the Transmetro.

History

The southern line was first completed with funding from the Municipal government of Guatemala city, however, the central line was funded by a private initiative. On February 3, 2007, when the buses started to operate on the southern line, regional buses or "Chicken Buses" were banned from entering the city from the south roads. This change effectively made travelling the CA1 much faster compared before the line began to work.

Chronological History[1]

Transmetro bus entering a station

Fare payments

When the Transmetro first opened, it only accepted coins as the fare was set at Q1.00 (CAD$0.17). After the national government began service of the Transurbano, a local bus service similar to the ones in North American cities, it also began to accept the cashless prepaid card which had to be tapped to a reader. Passengers must pay the fare each time they enter the Transmetro, which means a two way trip costs Q2.00 regardless of where how far you go. On November 2015, payments by the prepaid card were no longer accepted due to a multitude of problems and disagreements. As of today, the payment can only be done by coins.

Routes

Line 12 (Centra Sur)

Transmetro buses operating on Line 12

Line 12 starts from Zone 1 in Guatemala City, it runs through the Civic Centre, Bolivar Avenue, Trebol Station, Raul Aguilar Batres Way and finally terminating at Centra Sur, in Zone 12 of neighbouring Villa Nueva city.

Branches

Route Destinations
L12 Paradas Continuas (local): Centra Sur / FEGUA-Plaza Barrios
L12 D Directo (express): Centra Sur to Trebol / Express: Trebol to Centra Sur.
L12 D Directo (express): Centra Sur to Amate via Trebol (Northbound Only)

Stations

Connecting Lines Station name
L12 Centra Sur
L12 D
L12 D
L12 Monte Maria Station
L12 Javier Station
L12 Las Carchas Station
L12 El Carmen Station
L12 Reformita Station
L12 Mariscal Station
L12 Trebol Station
L12 D
L12 D
L21
L12 D Amate Station (Only serviced during morning and evening rush hours)
L12 Santa Cecilia Station
L12 Bolivar Station
L12 Don Bosco Station
L12 Calvario Station
L13
L12 Municipal Plaza Station
L12 Plaza Barrios-Fegua Station
L13
L6
L18
L13 Transmetro arriving at El Calvario Station

Line 13 (Corredor Central)

The second line to be opened, Corridor Central or Eje Central, runs through zones 4, 9, and 13 of Guatemala City. The buses are similar to the ones on Line 12, except for the Bi-articulated buses. The change in bus types was done to allow the line to travel through the historic centre as the streets are narrower compared to those of the CA1.

Another interesting difference between Line 12 and Line 13 is that, when Line 13 was still a proposal, the developer promised to revitalize the areas where the Line would eventually operate. This revitalization included new monuments, better sidewalks, improvement of street vendor spaces, and others.

Line 13 connects with Line 12 at "Plaza Barrios" and "El Calvario", creating seamless connections to the downtown and the southern areas of the city. Stations on this line are equipped with accessibility features such as braille that tells users the name of the stations and the connecting lines.

This line, as mentioned earlier, runs through the historic downtown, this means that during its journey it will pass by popular landmarks of the city such as the Torre del Reformador, the Acueducto de Pinula, the Bank of Guatemala, Civic Centre, and 6th Avenue, a popular pedestrian-only section of the city.

Branches

Route Destinations
L13 Plaza Barrios Station to Banco de Guatemala Station

Stations

Connecting Lines Station Name
L13 Plaza Barrios-Fegua Station
L12
L6
L18
L13 Tipografia Station
L1
L13 El Calvario Station
L12
L13 4 Grados Sur Station
L13 Exposicion Station
L13 Terminal Station
L13 Industria Station
L13 Tivoli Station
L13 Montufar Station
L13 Acueducto Station
L13 Hangares Station
L13
L13 Argentina Plaza Station
L13
L13 Los Arcos Station
L13 Spain Plaza Station
L13 IGSS Zona 9 Station
L13 Seis 26 Station
L13 Torre del Reformador Station
L13 Plaza of the Republic Station
L13 Banco de Guatemala Station


Line 13 was expanded to service further into zones 9 and 10, which due to road limitations forced it to be broken up into 2 segments. The ones listed above are part of the first segment and the ones below are part of the second segment.

Branch Station Name
L13 Argentina Plaza Station
L13
L13 Hangares Station
L13
L13 Berlin Plaza Station
L13 Juan Pablo II Station

Line 1 (Centro Historico)

Line 1 works in mainly in Zone 1 of Guatemala's Downtown. This line was built soon after Line 13 began operations. The main goal of this line was to make the historic centre more accessible through safe and reliable public transportation. This line travels from 3rd Street in Zone 1, towards 18th Street in Zone 1, passing through 5th Street and 8th Street. This line started service on December 19th, 2012. [5]

L1 Transmetro departing Tipografia Station.

Branches

Route Destinations
L1 Centro Historico to San Sebastian Station (Northbound) Centro Historico to Tipografia Station (Southbound)

Stations

Connecting Lines Station Name
L1' Gomez Carrillo Station
L1 San Agustin Station
L1 Parque Centenario Station
L1 San Sebastian Station
L2
L1 Mercado Central
L1 Correos Station
L1 Beatas de Belen Station
L1 Tipografia Station

Line 2 (Hipodromo)

Line 2 was another line that had some private sector support, the goal was to increase ease of travel between the Hipodromo district and the historic district. The colour for this route is similar to the one for Line 1, as they serve very similar areas. Line 2 also has an express service to provide direct connections between Zone 1, and the UMG university campus. The express service does not serve any other stations.

Branches

Route Destinations
L2 Line 2 to Hipodromo del Norte / Line 2 to San Sebastian
L2 E Expresso: Linea 2 to UMG / Expresso: Linea 2 to San Sebastian

Stations

Connecting Lines Station Name
L2 San Sebastian
L2 E
L1
L2 Asuncion
L2 Hipodromo del Norte
L2 Simeon Cañas
L2 Jocotenango
L2 E UMG

Line 6 (Norte)

L6 or Eje Norte, runs from 18th Street in Zone 1 to Cementos Progreso Stadium in Guatemala's Zone 6, on its journey, it passes by the popular Colon Park (Parque Colon). Its stations began construction in October 2014 and the route was fully functional by April 25th of 2015[6]. A trip from one end to the other takes an average of 50 minutes[3].

Branches

Route Destinations
L6 Linea 6 to Proyectos (Northbound) Line 6 to Plaza Barrios-Fegua (Southbound)

Stations

Connecting Lines Station name
L6 Plaza Barrios-Fegua Station
L18
L13
L12
L6 Santa Clara Station
L18
L6 Colon Station
L18
L6 La Merced Station
L18
L6 Cerro del Carmen Station (Northbound)
L18
L6 Parroquia Station
L6 IGSS Zona 6 Station
L6 Centro Zona 6 Station
L6 Academia Station
L6 Cipresales Station (Northbound)
L6 Proyectos 4-4 Station (Northbound)
L6 Proyectos Station
L6 Proyectos 4-4 Station (Southbound)
L6 Cipresales Station (Southbound)
L6 Quintanal Station
L6 Corpus Christi Station
L6 Jose Marti Station
L6 Cerro del Carmen Station (Southbound)
L6 Santa Teresa Station
L6 Capuchinas
L18
L6 Beatas de Belen
L18
L1
Transmetro system map, as of March 2020.
The most recent system map, as of March 2020. The map is also publicly available on the agency's twitter account and on stations.

Line 18 (Nor-oriente)

As its name in Spanish describes, this line travels to the North West corner of the city. Departing from Plaza Barrios-FEGUA Station at 18th Street in Zone 1, ti travels through very important, high traffic areas and sites of interest like Colon Park. This line began operating on April 25th 2014 and continues to be under construction specially in the northern segment of the route to improve road conditions and exclusive traffic lane. This line also has an express service which bypasses most stations and travels directly to Paraiso Station, stopping at San Rafael Station on the way. Geographically, Paraiso is further than Atlantida, making it the northernmost station in the system. In early 2020, Transmetro completed the newest terminal station at Atlantida, renaming the terminal to "Centra Atlantida[7]". This new terminal also provides direct transfers to local Transurbano Routes in the 300 Series.

Branches

Route Destinations
L18 Line 18 to Centra Atlantida / Line 18 to Plaza Barrios-FEGUA Station
L18 Expresso Line 18 to Paraiso Station / Line 18 to Plaza Barrios-FEGUA Station

Stations

Connecting Lines Station name
L18
Plaza Barrios-Fegua Station L6
L13
L12 Santa Clara Station
L18
L6 Colon Station
L18
L6 La Merced Station
L18
L6 Cerro del Carmen Station (Northbound)
L18
L6 San Marin Station (Northbound)
L18 Victorias Station (Northbound)
L18 Portales Station
L18 Centra Atlantida (formerly Atlantida Station)
L18 Alamos Station
L18 Victorias Station (Southbound)
L18 San Martin Station (Southbound)
L18 Capuchinas Station
L18
L6 Beatas de Belen
L18
L1

Line 21

Line 21 started as a pilot project to measure sustainability, and conduct a user needs assessment for service to the USAC university campus[8], in the southern end of the city. The project began as an Express service between the temporary Trebolito Station, which was close to the Trebol Station, and a temporary Station at the municipal office in Zone 21. Th service has since become a permanent line which provides easier access to the university campus from Line 12. In 2019, the service was complimented by the opening of the Line 7 service which provides students with options for westbound service. The line is named after its southern terminus, located in Zone 21.

Branches

Route Destinations
L21 Linea 21 Trebol / Linea 21 Nimajuyu

Stations

Connecting Lines Station Name
L21 Trebol
L12
L12 D
L12 D
L21 USAC Petapa
L21 Nimajuyu (formerly Alcaldia Auxiliar Z.21)

Line 7

Line 7 is the newest Transmetro line, it began service in late 2019 and has now been fully enabled as a functioning line.[9] Line seven is intended to cover more suburban service, as well as provide more direct access to the USAC university campus. The line travel between Colon Station in Zone 1, through Zone 7, Zone 11, and terminates at the new USAC Periferico Station. Along the way, it makes direct transfers to Line 6 and 18, while also providing walking connections to Line 1 and 12.

Branches

Route Detinations
L7 Linea 7 to Colon / Linea 7 to USAC Periferico

Stations

Connecting Lines Station Name
L7 Colon
L6
L18
L7 La Merced
L6
L18
L7 Cruz Roja
L7 Archivo General
L7 Santuario de Guadalupe
L7 Incienso
L7 Bethania
L7 4 de Febrero
L7 Villa Linda
L7 Ciudad de Plata II
L7 San Juan
L7 Roosevelt
L7 San Jorge
L7 Cejusa
L7 Rodolfo Robles
L7 Granai
L7 Aguilar Batres
L7 USAC Periferico
L7 **Same stations northbound, up to Incienso**
L7 San Juan de Dios
L7 Pasaje Aycinena


References

  1. ^ "Comuna habilita Transmetro | Siglo21.com.gt". 2012-12-21. Archived from the original on 2012-12-21. Retrieved 2019-05-25.
  2. ^ "Implementan nomenclatura Braile en Paseo La Sexta y el Corridor Central del Transmetro". elPeriodico de Guatemala. February 4, 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Transmetro empieza a circular para la zona 6 – Prensa Libre" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-05-25.
  4. ^ ":::... Tú eres la Ciudad - Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Guatemala, Cumple ...:::". 2014-10-03. Archived from the original on 2014-10-03. Retrieved 2019-05-25.
  5. ^ "Habilitan servicio de Transmetro en Centro Histórico | Siglo21.com.gt". 2012-12-21. Archived from the original on 2012-12-21. Retrieved 2019-05-26.
  6. ^ "Wayback Machine" (PDF). 2014-11-29. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-11-29. Retrieved 2019-05-26.
  7. ^ Redacción. "Estación de Transmetro en la Atlántida atenderá hasta 60 mil personas cada día". centranews.com.gt (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-08-18.
  8. ^ "Servicio de Transmetro empieza a funcionar en la zona 21 este sábado – Prensa Libre" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-08-18.
  9. ^ "Inauguran primera fase de Línea 7 del Transmetro que recorrerá de la Usac a la zona 1 – Prensa Libre" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-08-18.