Location within Papineau RCM
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Constituted||January 16, 1886|
|• Mayor||Benoit Lauzon|
|• Federal riding||Argenteuil—La Petite-Nation|
|• Prov. riding||Papineau|
|• Total||7.40 km2 (2.86 sq mi)|
|• Land||6.28 km2 (2.42 sq mi)|
|• Density||449.0/km2 (1,163/sq mi)|
|• Pop 2011-2016||14.8%|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|Highways|| Route 148 |
Thurso is a city in Papineau Regional County Municipality in the Outaouais region of western Quebec, Canada. It is located on the Ottawa River, and is within Canada's National Capital Region. Its population was 2,818 as of the 2016 Canadian Census.
In 1807, a group of Scots settled in the southern part of the Blanche River valley, in the township known at the time as Lochaber Gore. They came from Thurso in Scotland, as well as from the Highlands, near Lochaber and other parts of northern Scotland. In 1830, Irish immigrants arrived, followed by French Canadians around 1840.
In 1822, a Baptist Church was established, and in 1853, the post office opened, causing a controversy. The Catholic community suggested to name it Fraserville, while the Scottish community favored Cameron, because most were from this clan. The Post Master settled on the name Thurso, since there already was a place called Fraserville in Canada. In 1886, the town was incorporated as a village municipality, which was followed by the establishment of the religious and civil parish the next year.
Starting in 1850, Thurso became an important centre of the wood industry. In 1929, the Singer Manufacturing Co. opened a sewing machine plant there. Around the same time construction began on a 90 kilometres (56 mi) long railroad for the transportation of lumber from the interior (which closed in 1986). In 1956, the paper mill opened.
In 1963, Thurso changed its statutes and became a ville (town/city).
An earthquake with a magnitude of 4.5 was centered north in Thurso at 8:39 pm, on February 24, 2006. Another earthquake with a magnitude of 4.1 was centered in Thurso at 3;39pm on September 18, 2006.
- English as first language: 2.7%
- French as first language: 95.0%
- English and French as first language: 1.4%
- Other as first language: 0.7%
Thurso was known for the unpleasant odour emanating from its paper mill, which originates from the burning of chemical residue when the pulp is manufactured and the smell was there well before the retaining basin was built. Fortress Paper employs 335 people in Thurso to produce 250,000 tonnes hardwood kraft market pulp. However, the company had financial difficulties and led to its operations temporarily being shut down in 2006 and again for an eight-week period in 2009.
The Lauzon sawmill was another major employer for the community, but its building was destroyed by a fire on March 8, 2007, putting 100 workers temporarily out of work. However, plans for relaunching the production activity started shortly after the event.
Thurso's only bar/hotel, Hotel Lafontaine, burned twice in 2009; once in February and again a month later, with the latter fire resulting in complete destruction. In 2010, Hotel Lafontaine reopened just beside its previous location.
Thurso's main access roads are currently Route 148 (running west–east) and Route 317 (running south–north). Autoroute 50, approximately 3 km north of Thurso along Route 317 complements Route 148 as Thurso's second connection to Gatineau and Ottawa. Voyageur Colonial Bus Lines provides service to Ottawa and to Montreal. The Quebec Gatineau Railway provides rail freight transport.
A seasonal ferry operates between Thurso and Clarence, Ontario.
Bill Clement, another NHL player who went on to become a well-known hockey commentator, also came from Thurso during the same time period as Lafleur.
- Reference number 62600 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
- Geographic code 80050 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (in French)
- "(Code 2480050) Census Profile". 2016 census. Statistics Canada. 2017.
- "Thurso and Nation Valley Railway - History". churcher.crcml.org. Retrieved 17 January 2020.
- "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2020-01-15.
- "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2020-01-15.
- "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.