Teano

Comune Campania Province of Caserta
Teano
Comune di Teano
Teanopanorama.jpg
Location of Teano
Teano is located in Italy
Teano
Teano
Location of Teano in Italy
Teano is located in Campania
Teano
Teano
Teano (Campania)
Coordinates: 41°15′N 14°04′E / 41.250°N 14.067°E / 41.250; 14.067
CountryItaly
RegionCampania
ProvinceCaserta (CE)
FrazioniBorgonuovo, Cappelle, Carbonara, Casafredda, Casale, Casamostra, Casi, Cipriani, Fontanelle, Furnolo, Gloriani, Magnano, Maiorisi, Pugliano, San Giulianeta, San Giuliano, San Marco, Santa Maria Versano, Taverna Zarone, Teano Scalo, Tranzi, Tuoro, Versano
Government
 • MayorAlfredo D'Andrea
Area
 • Total89.43 km2 (34.53 sq mi)
Elevation
196 m (643 ft)
Population
 (31 August 2015)[2]
 • Total12,593
 • Density140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Teanesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
81057
Dialing code0823
WebsiteOfficial website

Teano (Teanese: Tiánë) is a town and comune in the province of Caserta, Campania, southern Italy, 30 kilometres (19 mi) northwest of Caserta on the main line to Rome from Naples. It stands at the southeast foot of an extinct volcano, Rocca Monfina. Its St. Clement's cathedral is the see of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Teano-Calvi, which started as Diocese of Teano circa AD 300.

History

Ancient times and Middle Ages

The ancient Teanum Sidicinum was the capital of the Oscan tribe of the Sidicini, which drove the Aurunci from Roccamonfina. They probably submitted to Rome in 334 BC and their troops were grouped with those of Campania in the Roman army. Thus the garrison of Regium, which in 280 attacked the citizens, consisted of one cohort of Sidicini and two of Campanians. Like Cales, Teanum continued to have the right of coinage, and, like Suessa and Cales, remained faithful to Rome in both the Hannibalic and the Social wars. Its position gave it some military importance, and it was apparently made a colony by Claudius, not by Augustus. Strabo speaks of it as the most important town on the Via Latina, joined by a branch road from Suessa, of which remains still exist, and which continued east to Alife.

In the 4th century Teano became seat of a diocese, and was later an important Lombard county, as part of the Duchy of Benevento. The Benedictines had several properties in the city, where the monks from Montecassino took refuge when their abbey was destroyed in 883. Here one of the first document of vulgare Italian was issued in 963.

"Handshake of Teano"

Teano was the site of the famous meeting of 26 October 1860, between Italian nationalist fighter Giuseppe Garibaldi and Victor Emanuel II, the King of Sardinia. Having wrested the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies from the Neapolitan Bourbons, Garibaldi shook Victor Emanuel's hand and hailed him as King of Italy. Thus, Garibaldi sacrificed republican hopes for the sake of Italian unity under a monarchy. The event is a popular subject for Italian patriotic statues[3] and paintings.

The Handshake of Teano, by Carlo Ademollo

Main sights

Other sights include:

Transportation

Teano is 7 kilometres (4 mi) from the gate of Capua of A1 Milan-Naples highway. It can be also reached by road through SS.7 Via Appia and SS.6 Via Casilina. The city is also served by a railway station.

References

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ For example, see entry for The Encounter of Teano, Fiesole.