Stanisław Moniuszko

Bedřich Smetana Johann Wolfgang von Goethe William Blake
Stanisław Moniuszko

Stanisław Moniuszko (Polish pronunciation: [stãˈɲiswaf mɔ̃ˈɲuʃkɔ]; May 5, 1819, Ubiel, Minsk Governorate – June 4, 1872, Warsaw, Congress Poland) was a Polish composer, conductor and teacher. He wrote many popular art songs and operas, and his music is filled with patriotic folk themes of the peoples of the former Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (predominantly the Poles, Lithuanians and Belarusians).[1] Since the 1990s Stanisław Moniuszko is being recognized in Belarus as an important figure of Belarusian culture.[2] Moniuszko's operas are regularly performed at the Belarusian National Opera. There is a Museum of Stanisław Moniuszko.[3]

Bronze bust of Stanisław Moniuszko by Gennadij Jerszow, at the Music Academy in Gdansk.

He is generally referred to as "the father of Polish national opera".[4]


Moniuszko's series of twelve song books is notable and contains songs to the words of Adam Mickiewicz, Antoni Edward Odyniec, and Józef Ignacy Kraszewski.

An English version of Straszny dwór (The Haunted Manor, or The Haunted Castle[5]) was created and premiered by the student operatic society at Bristol University in 1970; this version has been performed since, specifically in 2001 by Opera South, which company also presented the world premiere of a specially created new English version of Verbum Nobile in 2002.

Moniuszko's opera Flis (The Raftsman) was performed and recorded in the Wielki Theatre of Polish National Opera at the 2019 Chopin and his Europe International Music Festival, marking the 200th anniversary of Moniuszko's birth.[6]


  1. ^ Аляксей Хадыка [Alexey Khadyka] (22 May 2009). "Станіслаў Манюшка — паляк, літвін..." [Stanislaw Moniuszko – Pole and Lithuanian] (in Belarusian). Archived from the original on July 27, 2011. Retrieved 2013-01-20., Culture. Retrieved from the Internet Archive, February 18, 2013.
  2. ^ "Праправнучка Станислава Монюшко: 'В Минске должен появиться памятник композитору' " [Great-great-granddaughter of Stanisław Moniuszko: 'A monument to the composer should appear in Minsk'] by Кастусь Лашкевич [Kastus Lashkevich], 19 Oktober 2009, Tut.By (in Belarusian)
  3. ^ Stanisław Moniuszko Museum, Belarus
  4. ^ "Stanisław Moniuszko - Ojciec polskiej opery".
  5. ^ "Opera: Moniuszko's Haunted Castle"; by Bernard Holland, The New York Times, 23 April 1986
  6. ^ "Festiwal "Chopin i jego Europa"" [Chopin and his Europe]. Fryderyk Chopin Institute (in Polish). 2019. Retrieved 13 August 2020.