Social Democratic Party (Iceland)
|Merged into||Social Democratic Alliance|
|International affiliation||Socialist International|
The Social Democratic Party (Icelandic: Alþýðuflokkurinn), officially the People's Party, was a social-democratic political party in Iceland. It was founded in 1916 as the political representation of the trade unions of Iceland.
Its first member of the Althing, the Icelandic parliament, was Jón Baldvinsson, who was elected in 1920. The party would contest elections to the Althing with little success until 1934, when the party obtained 10 parliamentary seats. Iceland shifted towards a proportional representation system later that year which political scientist Amel Ahmed attributes to the rising electoral threat that the Social Democratic Party posed to the Independence Party and Progressive Party.
Between 1926 and 1940, the party was a member of the Labour and Socialist International. The party led the government of Iceland three times, first in 1947–1949 under Stefán Jóhann Stefánsson, then in 1958–1959 under Emil Jónsson and finally under Benedikt Sigurðsson Gröndal in 1979–1980. Its longest participation in government was with the Independence Party from 1959–1971.
The Social Democratic Party was succeeded in 2000 by the Social Democratic Alliance, a centre-left party with a wider political base created by the merger of the Social Democratic Party with the National Awakening, the People's Alliance and the Women's List.
- Ottó N. Þorláksson (1916)
- Jón Baldvinsson (1916–1938)
- Stefán Jóhann Stefánsson (1938–1952)
- Hannibal Valdimarsson (1952–1954)
- Haraldur Guðmundsson (1954–1958)
- Emil Jónsson (1958–1968)
- Gylfi Þorsteinsson Gíslason (1968–1974)
- Benedikt Sigurðsson Gröndal (1974–1980)
- Kjartan Jóhannsson (1980–1984)
- Jón Baldvin Hannibalsson (1984–1996)
- Sighvatur Kristinn Björgvinsson (1996–1998)
- Guðmundur Árni Stefánsson (1998–2000)
- Haas, Melanie; Niedermayer; Stöss, Richard (2006). Die Parteiensysteme Westeuropas. Springer-Verlag. p. 268. ISBN 9783531141114.
- Bergmann, Eirikur; Einarsson, Eiríkur Bergmann (2014). Iceland and the International Financial Crisis: Boom, Bust and Recovery. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 34. ISBN 9781137332004.
- Ahmed, Amel (2012). Democracy and the Politics of Electoral System Choice: Engineering Electoral Dominance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/CBO9781139382137. ISBN 9781139382137.
- Kowalski, Werner (1985). Geschichte der sozialistischen arbeiter-internationale: 1923–1919. Berlin: Dt. Verl. d. Wissenschaften (in German).