Salvadoran Canadians

Statistics Canada Ontario British Columbia
Salvadoran Canadians
Salvadoreño-Canadiense
Total population
66,215 (by ancestry, 2016 Census)[1]
48,075 (by birth, 2016 Census)[2]
Regions with significant populations
 Canada
Ontario Ontario28,765 (0.23%)
Quebec Quebec16,635 (0.22%)
British Columbia British Columbia7,565 (0.17%)
Alberta Alberta6,900 (0.19%)
Manitoba Manitoba3,125 (0.27%)
Languages
English, French, Spanish
Religion
Roman Catholicism, Protestantism
Related ethnic groups
Salvadoran people, Mestizo, Spanish people, Latinos, Native Americans

Salvadoran Canadians (French: Salvadoriens canadiens, Spanish: Salvadoreño canadiense) are Canadian citizens who have ancestry from El Salvador, a Central American country. Per the National Household Survey in 2011, 63,965 Canadians indicated that they were of either full or partial Salvadoran ancestry (0.2% of the country's population), of which 43,655 (68%) are Salvadoran born.[3] Salvadoran Canadians are primarily found in large urban areas of Ontario and Quebec, namely Toronto, Mississauga, Ottawa, Montreal and Quebec City.

History

Salvadoran immigration to Canada is a fairly recent phenomenon. Until the 1980s, Salvadoran immigration to Canada was small to nonexistent. It wasn't until the civil war that sizable numbers of Salvadorans started to come to the country. Between 1982 and 1987, 11,251 Salvadorans entered Canada under a special program that help displaced Salvadorans as well as Guatemalans suffering from the war.[4] A lot like their Australian counterparts, some of these were political asylum seekers and others were refugees looking for a place to stay. Unlike their American counterparts, Salvadorans seeking refuge in Canada were more likely to have their asylum applications approved than those in the United States, as a result of different Canadian and American policy to the situation in El Salvador.[5] In 2002, immigrants from El Salvador came to Brandon, Manitoba, to work for a food processing company.[6][7]

Notable people

Demographics

Population by ancestry by Canadian province or territory (2016)
Province Population Source
 Ontario 27,600 [8]
 Quebec 19,200 [9]
 Alberta 8,810 [10]
 British Columbia 6,810 [11]
 Manitoba 2,735 [12]
 Saskatchewan 760 [13]
 New Brunswick 135 [14]
 Nova Scotia 110 [15]
 Newfoundland and Labrador 15 [16]
 Prince Edward Island 10 [17]
 Yukon 10 [18]
 Northwest Territories 25 [19]
 Nunavut 0 [20]
 Canada 66,215 [1]

The province with the highest concentration of people of Salvadoran ancestry is Manitoba, which is 0.3% Salvadoran Canadian. The province with highest number of people with Salvadoran ancestry is Ontario, with 29,000 Salvadoran Canadians.[3] The cities in Canada with the highest concentration of Salvadoran Canadians are: Brandon, Manitoba (2.3%), Kitchener, Ontario (1.1%), Montreal, Quebec (0.7%), London, Ontario (0.7%), New Westminster, British Columbia (0.7%), Toronto, Ontario (0.4%), Edmonton, Alberta (0.4%), Brampton, Ontario (0.4%), Burnaby, British Columbia (0.4%), Vancouver, British Columbia (0.3%), Ottawa, Ontario (0.3%) and Winnipeg, Manitoba (0.3%).[3] Salvadorans are the third largest Hispanic population in Canada. In Toronto, many Salvadoran people are located around Eglinton Avenue and Keele Street and along Jane Street.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Ethnic Origin, both sexes, age (total), Canada, 2016 Census – 25% Sample data". Canada 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. 2019-02-20. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  2. ^ "Immigrant population by place of birth, period of immigration, 2016 counts, both sexes, age (total), Canada, 2016 Census – 25% Sample data". Canada 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. 2019-02-20. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  3. ^ a b c [1], National Household Survey (NHS) Profile, 2011
  4. ^ Garcia, Maria Cristina. "Canada: A Northern Refuge for Central Americans". Migration Policy Institute. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  5. ^ Martin, Douglas. "Salvadorans Find a Haven in Canada". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  6. ^ "SALVADORIAN WORKERS CELEBRATE ONE YEAR ANNIVERSARY AT BRANDON FACILITY". December 4, 2003. Archived from the original on August 1, 2013. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
  7. ^ "Part 3: Manitoba welcome host for guest workers in Canada". November 3, 2009. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
  8. ^ "Ethnic Origin, both sexes, age (total), Ontario, 2016 Census – 25% Sample data". Canada 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  9. ^ "Ethnic Origin, both sexes, age (total), Quebec, 2016 Census – 25% Sample data". Canada 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  10. ^ "Ethnic Origin, both sexes, age (total), Alberta, 2016 Census – 25% Sample data". Canada 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  11. ^ "Ethnic Origin, both sexes, age (total), British Columbia, 2016 Census – 25% Sample data". Canada 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  12. ^ "Ethnic Origin, both sexes, age (total), Manitoba, 2016 Census – 25% Sample data". Canada 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  13. ^ "Ethnic Origin, both sexes, age (total), Saskatchewan, 2016 Census – 25% Sample data". Canada 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  14. ^ "Ethnic Origin, both sexes, age (total), New Brunswick, 2016 Census – 25% Sample data". Canada 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  15. ^ "Ethnic Origin, both sexes, age (total), Nova Scotia, 2016 Census – 25% Sample data". Canada 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  16. ^ "Ethnic Origin, both sexes, age (total), Newfoundland and Labrador, 2016 Census – 25% Sample data". Canada 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  17. ^ "Ethnic Origin, both sexes, age (total), Prince Edward Island, 2016 Census – 25% Sample data". Canada 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  18. ^ "Ethnic Origin, both sexes, age (total), Yukon, 2016 Census – 25% Sample data". Canada 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  19. ^ "Ethnic Origin, both sexes, age (total), Northwest Territories, 2016 Census – 25% Sample data". Canada 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  20. ^ "Ethnic Origin, both sexes, age (total), Nunavut, 2016 Census – 25% Sample data". Canada 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 30 January 2020.