Salman, Crown Prince of Bahrain

Bahrain Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Sabika bint Ibrahim Al Khalifa

Prince Salman
Crown Prince of Bahrain
Deputy Supreme Commander
First Deputy Prime Minister
Deputy King
Prince Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa (cropped).jpg
Born (1969-10-21) 21 October 1969 (age 50)
Riffa, Bahrain
SpouseHala bint D'aij Al Khalifa (until 2005)
Al Joud
HouseAl Khalifa
FatherHamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
MotherSabika bint Ibrahim Al Khalifa
ReligionSunni Islam

Prince Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, Deputy King, Crown Prince of Bahrain[1] (Arabic: سلمان بن حمد آل خليفة‎, born 21 October 1969[2]) is the heir apparent and first deputy prime minister of the Kingdom of Bahrain. He is also the deputy supreme commander of the Bahrain Defense Force.

Early life and education

Prince Salman is the eldest son of King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa of Bahrain and his first wife, Princess Sabika bint Ebrahim Al Khalifa.

The Prince completed his high school education at Bahrain School, and then went on to earn a BA degree in Political Science from the American University in Washington D.C. (1992), followed by a M.Phil degree in History and philosophy of science from the Queens' College, University of Cambridge, England (1994).[3]

Prince Salman established the Crown Prince’s International Scholarship Programme in 1999 [4][5] to guide Bahrain’s young people into the 21st century. Under the programme, the most able high school students from Bahrain are awarded scholarships to continue their higher education overseas, and return to productively contribute to the development of Bahrain. More than 140 students from across Bahrain's society have been awarded the scholarship, and have had the opportunity to study abroad - including the UK, US and France.


Salman Al-Khalifa and U.K. Foreign Secretary William Hague in 2013
Salman Al-Khalifa at the US Department of State in 2019

Prior to assuming the duties of crown prince, Salman was vice-chairman of the Bahrain Centre for Studies and Research (BCSR) (1992–1995), Undersecretary of Defence at the Ministry of Defence (1995–1999), and chairman of the Board of Trustees of the BCSR (1995–1999).

Salman was sworn in as Crown Prince of the Kingdom of Bahrain on 9 March 1999 and held the post of commander-in-chief of the Bahrain Defence Force from 22 March 1999 to 6 January 2008.

On 24 February 2001, Prince Salman was appointed as chairman of the committee for the implementation of the National Action Charter. The Charter was approved by over 98% in a referendum held in February 2001 and provided a comprehensive blueprint for Bahrain’s future development based on transparency, cooperation and popular participation. The committee proposed a number of laws to implement the National Charter, including laws on government procurements and freedom of the press.

On 3 March 2002, Prince Salman was appointed chairman of the Economic Development Board, which is responsible for formulating and overseeing the Bahrain’s economic development strategy, and aims to attract foreign direct investment into Bahrain. He also chairs the following committees:

On 6 January 2008, King Hamad issued a royal decree appointing Salman as deputy supreme commander of the Bahrain Defence Force to oversee the management and implementation of public policy as well as military, administrative, economic and financial plans of the Bahrain defence force and the national guard.

In March 2013, Prince Salman was appointed by the King as first deputy prime minister, charged with overseeing the ongoing development of executive agencies and government institutions in the kingdom.

Marriage and children

Prince Salman was married to Sheikha Hala bint Duaij Al Khalifa until 2005. Sheikha Hala was the youngest daughter of Sheikh Duaij bin Khalifa Al Khalifa, the Assistant Undersecretary of the Ministry of Finance and National Economy. Hala was honorary president of the Information Centre for Women and Children, and Chair of the Bahrain Society for Mental Retardation. She died in June 2018.[6] They have two sons and two daughters:

Honours and awards

Styles of
The Crown Prince of Bahrain
Emblem of Bahrain.svg
Reference styleHis Royal Highness
Spoken styleYour Royal Highness

Salman has been awarded a number of honours, these include:



  1. ^ http://www.bna.bh/portal/en/news/752345
  2. ^ http://www.crownprince.bh/en/About-his-Royal-Highness
  3. ^ Government: The Crown Prince – website of the Embassy of Bahrain to the US
  4. ^ Crown Prince's International Scholarship Program (CPISP)
  5. ^ Spotlight on the future Archived 8 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine – The official magazine of CPIS P
  6. ^ "Sheikha Hala, former wife of Bahrain Crown Prince, passes away". Khaleej Times. 11 June 2018. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  7. ^ "Local News » Crown Prince's son graduates from Sandhurst". Gulf Daily News. 16 April 2011. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
  8. ^ Events & News: USBBC Host The Crown Prince of Bahrain Archived 20 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine – official website of the US-Bahrain Business Council