Old presbytery of St-Bruno
Fiers de nos traditions
(French for "Proud of our traditions")
Location within the urban agglomeration of Longueuil
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Constituted||January 1, 2006|
|• Mayor||Martin Murray|
|• MP||Michel Picard (Lib)|
|• MNA||Nathalie Roy (CAQ)|
|• Total||43.30 km2 (16.72 sq mi)|
|• Land||43.28 km2 (16.71 sq mi)|
|• Density||603.3/km2 (1,563/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||450 and 579|
Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville is an off-island suburb of Montreal, in southwestern Quebec, Canada, on the south bank of the Saint Lawrence River just east of Montreal. It lies on the west flank of Mont Saint-Bruno, one of the Monteregian Hills. The population as of the Canada 2011 Census was 26,107. It merged with Longueuil in 2002 but de-merged in 2006.
There are two prevailing hypotheses on the origin of the city's name:
- That the city was named after Bruno of Cologne and the Montarville seigneury. The name "Montarville" is a homonym of a village of Eure-et-Loir in France: Montharville, whose etymology is uncertain. The name was written in its Latin form, Mons Harvilla in the 12th century – in other words "Haric's farm's mount", a name of Germanic origins also found in Harville (Hairici villa, 9th century). However, this uncommon composition of a Roman appellation ("mont") associated with the Norman toponymy "-ville" place name casts doubts on this explication. It could be the name of an unidentified Germanic individual.
- Quebec's toponymy commission suggests another hypothesis to explain the origin of the city's name. "Montarville" could be a portmanteau of "montagne" (French for mountain) and "Boucherville" after Pierre Boucher de Boucherville, the region's first seigneur. The hypothesis rests on the fact that the descendants of de Boucherville were named Montarville, Niverville, etc. The patron saint of the city could be explained by the sale of the seigneury to François-Pierre Bruneau, whose name was slightly transformed.
The seigneury of Montarville
Pierre Boucher de Boucherville Junior was granted the Montarville seigneury in 1710 by the governor of New France Philippe de Rigaud de Vaudreuil. In 1723, it was noted that clearing had not begun and no one was inhabiting the seigneury yet.
The ownership remained in the Boucher family until 1829, when René Boucher de la Bruère sold half his land and his rights as a seigneur to François-Pierre Bruneau of Montréal. He died in 1851 and his brother Oliver-Théophile Bruneau (who was the first professor of anatomy at McGill University), was the last seigneur of Montarville from 1851 until the seigneural system was abolished in 1854.
While agriculture was the primary subsistence and economical activity of the region, the seigneury of Montarville, thanks to its proximity to Mount Saint-Bruno, benefited much from the industrial activity that developed around the hydraulic power it could harvest from the mountain's many ponds and streams. The first water mill was erected in 1725 and in the 19th century, they numbered six in the territory and permitted such activities as grinding grain, milling wood, tanning leather and carding and spinning wool.
The 19th century also saw the diversification of the seigneury's agricultural activities through increased animal husbandry, orchards, and maple syrup collection.
From parish to village to city
At the beginning of the 19th century, families residing on the western flank of the mountain were under the clerical responsibility of the parish of Boucherville while families from the southern flank were under the responsibility of the parish of Saint-Joseph de Chambly. As a consequence, the tithe was being paid to two different parishes, so in 1809 a first request to transform the seigneury into a parish was made to Mgr Joseph-Octave Plessis, Archbishop of Quebec. This request was met with a refusal. It would be thirty-three years before the Montarvillans attempted to form into their own parish again.
It is worth mentioning that in 1838 during the Patriotes Rebellion, François-Pierre Bruneau's manor was occupied by the Patriotes and that one of them, André Proteau, was from the seigneury.
In 1842, a petition totaling about sixty signatures was presented to Mgr Ignace Bourget, Bishop of Montreal who agreed to the demand, and in the same year he signed a canonical decree officiating the creation of the parish of Saint-Bruno. François-Pierre Bruneau was honored with the choice of the titular saint, Saint Bruno.
In line with the Durham Report's recommendation to modernize municipal structures in 1840 (culminating in the abolition of the seigneury system in 1854) and the Acte pour abroger certaines ordonnances et pour faire de meilleures dispositions pour l'établissement d'autorités locales et municipales dans le Bas-Canada (Act to abrogate certain ordinances and to make better dispositions to establish local and municipal authorities in Lower-Canada), on 1 July 1845 the Legislative Assembly created more than 325 municipal corporations in eastern Canada of which Saint-Bruno, then with a population of 800, was a part. The following year on 9 October 1846, the parish municipality of Saint-Bruno was born through an official proclamation.
For a few years, Saint-Bruno remained part of the municipality of Chambly but in 1855, as mandated by the Loi constituant en municipalités toutes paroisses de plus de 300 personnes (Law making into a municipality every parish of more than 300 persons), the parish municipality became fully autonomous and its two names, "Saint-Bruno" and "Montarville", were joined into the designation still used to this day.
It incorporated as a city in 1958.
Merger and demerger
In 2000, the Parti Québécois governments of Lucien Bouchard and Bernard Landry introduced a series of legislative measures with the intent of reorganizing and merging many of Quebec's municipalities. In 2002, following the adoption of bill 170, Saint-Bruno merged with other municipalities on Montreal's south shore to form the city of Longueuil. Following public outcry and a referendum, the city demerged from Longueuil and was reconstituted on January 1, 2006, but remained within the agglomeration of Longueuil, which remains responsible for a series of services to the population.
The 2006 census found that about 85% of residents spoke French as a mother tongue (including persons who had more than one mother tongue), and that about 11% of residents spoke English as a mother tongue (also including persons who had more than one mother tongue). The next most common mother tongue was Italian.
Mother tongue language (2006)
|Mother Tongue||Population||Pct (%)|
|Both English and French||235||0.97%|
|French and a non-official language||65||0.27%|
|English and a non-official language||10||0.04%|
|English, French and a non-official language||10||0.04%|
Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville is served by the Saint-Bruno commuter rail station on the Réseau de transport métropolitain's Mont-Saint-Hilaire line. Local bus service is provided by the Réseau de transport de Longueuil.
The South Shore Protestant Regional School Board previously served the municipality. The French language school board Commission Scolaire des Patriotes oversees 3 primary education schools (École Albert-Schweitzer, École De Montarville and École Monseigneur-Gilles-Gervais) and one secondary education school (École Secondaire du Mont-Bruno). The English language school board Riverside School Board oversees primary schools Mount Bruno School and Courtland Park International.
The town resides at the foot of Mont Saint-Bruno, one of the mountains that make up the Monteregian Hills. The mountain is home to a provincial park, Parc National du Mont-Saint-Bruno, as well as a ski hill, Ski Mont Saint-Bruno.
The following are notable residents or past residents of Saint-Bruno:
- Joël Bouchard, retired professional NHL hockey player
- Claude Crépeau, computer scientist
- L. Denis Desautels, former Auditor General of Canada
- Guy Laliberté, shareholder and founder of Cirque du Soleil
- Georges Larivière, professor, writer, ice hockey coach
- Marie-Mai, pop singer
- Serge Savard, retired professional NHL hockey player
- Sword (band), Canadian heavy metal band
- Maxime Talbot, professional NHL hockey player
- Sébastien Leblanc, retired professional tennis player
List of former mayors
- Commission de toponymie du Québec. "Fiche descriptive — Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville". Government of Québec. Retrieved 23 December 2010.
- Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire: Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville
- Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: SAINT-BRUNO--SAINT-HUBERT (Quebec)
- "Census Profile — Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville, Ville". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. 8 February 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
- Alfred Dauzat et Ch. Rostaing, Dictionnaire étymologique des noms de lieux en France, Librairie Guénégaud 1978.
- Ville de Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville. "Profil historique — Ville de Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville". Ville de Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville. Retrieved 20 January 2011.
- Alain Dufour. "Un peu d'histoire — Parti Montarvillois". Parti Montarvillois. Archived from the original on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 20 January 2011.
- "Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville (municipalité de ville)". Mémoire du Québec. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
- "The Agglomération de Longueuil's legal framework". Agglomération de Longueuil. Retrieved 12 March 2015.
- Pratt, Michel. "Les paroisses au XIXe siècle". Société historique et culturelle du Marigot. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- Pratt, Michel. "De la balkanisation des villes à leur fusion". Société historique et culturelle du Marigot. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
- "Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville, V". Detailed Mother Tongue (103), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 20 November 2007. Retrieved 6 February 2008.
- 2006 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville, Quebec
- King, M.J. (Chairperson of the board). "South Shore Protestant Regional School Board" (St. Johns, PQ). The News and Eastern Townships Advocate. Volume 119, No. 5. Thursday December 16, 1965. p. 2. Retrieved from Google News on November 23, 2014.
- "CIRQUE DU SOLEIL FINDS NEW STRATEGIC MAJORITY PARTNER IN TPG-LED INVESTOR GROUP". www.cirquedusoleil.com. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
- Constitution, By-laws, Regulations, History. Gloucester, Ontario: Canadian Amateur Hockey Association. May 1990. p. 112.