ISBN (identifier) Pemmican Roux
Alternative namesRubbaboo
Place of originCanada
Region or stateRupert's Land
Serving temperatureHot
Main ingredientsPeas or corn, fat (bear or pork), bread or flour, pemmican

Rubaboo is a common stew or porridge consumed by coureurs des bois and voyageurs (French fur traders) and Métis people[1] of North America. This dish is traditionally made of peas and/ or corn, with grease (bear or pork) and a thickening agent (bread or flour) that makes up the base of the stew.[2] Pemmican[3] and maple sugar were also commonly added to the mixture. Rubaboo that is made by the Plains Metis is often made with pemmican, rabbit, prairie chicken or sage hen and a wide variety of wild vegetables such as wild parsnip (lii naavoo) onion, turnip, and asparagus that can all be added to the food with preference.[4] The thickened mixture was later re-served as “rowschow” (re-chaud).[5] Sometimes, It is occasionally spelled Rubbaboo. Other sources describe it as consisting primarily of boiled pemmican, with thickening agents added when available.[3][6]


The etymology of the word is a blend of the French word roux (a thickener used in gravies and sauces) with the word for soup ("aboo") from an Algonquian language,[7] such as Anishnaabe naboo.[8] Although pemmican can be added to the stew, Rubaboo and pemmican remain separate dishes, but are culturally linked closely to each other in Metis history.[9]

Rubaboo Aboriginal Arts Festival

Apart from its first definition, Rubaboo has also gained a newer meaning, when an Indigenous cultural festival under the same name, that was founded in the year 2009.[10] Rubaboo Aboriginal arts festival has been in operation for ten years, and the festival focuses on Indigenous and Metis celebrations of culture, with live performances and vendors in attendance.[11] The Rubaboo cultural arts festival takes place in Alberta annually, and is a different meaning to the cultural dish meaning of the word Rubaboo.[12][13]

See also



  1. ^ Lawson, Jennifer; McDowell, Linda; Thomson, Barbara (9 June 2019). Manitoba: Past and Present : Hands-on Social Studies, Grade 4. Portage & Main Press. p. 186. ISBN 9781553790341. Retrieved 9 June 2019 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ Weaver, S. M., Brockway, R. W., & Blue, A. W (1982). "Book Reviews". Canadian Journal of Native Studies. 2 (2): 395–414. Retrieved 22 November 2019.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ a b Gordon, Irene Ternier (1 February 2011). A People on the Move: The Métis of the Western Plains. Heritage House Publishing Co. p. 20. ISBN 9781926936123. Retrieved 10 November 2019 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ Weaver, S. M., Brockway, R. W., & Blue, A. W (1982). "Book Reviews". Canadian Journal of Native Studies. 2 (2): 395–414. Retrieved 22 November 2019.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ Bryce, George (2005-12-19). The Romantic Settlement of Lord Selkirk's Colonists The Pioneers of Manitoba (1 ed.). Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  6. ^ Nute, Grace Lee.The Voyageur. Minnesota Historical Society, ISBN 978-0-87351-213-8, p. 55
  7. ^ "Cree, Assiniboine, Ojibwa and Michif: The Nehiyaw Pwat Confederacy/Iron Alliance in Montana - Blackfoot Confederacy (165 views)". p. 13. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ "Pemmican". Nutrition News Journal. 19 (3): 73–75. 1961. doi:10.1111/j.1753-4887.1961.tb01895.x. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
  10. ^ "About Us". Alberta AboriginalArts. Alberta AboriginalArts. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
  11. ^ "Home". Alberta Aboriginal Arts. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  12. ^ Gordon, Irene Ternier (2009). A People on the Move : The Métis of the Western Plains. Victoria, B.C: Herritage House. Retrieved 24 November 2019.
  13. ^ "Home". Alberta Aboriginal Arts. Alberta Aboriginal Arts. Retrieved 24 November 2019.