Royal Guelphic Order
|Royal Guelphic Order|
Grand cross star, sash and badge of the Royal Guelphic Order (Civil Division)
|Awarded by Kingdom of Hanover|
|Established||28 April 1815|
|Motto||Nec Aspera Terrent|
(Not afraid of difficulties)
Commander 1st Class
Commander 2nd Class
Cross of Merit
Knight Grand Cross
|Next (higher)||Order of Saint George|
|Next (lower)||Order of Ernst August|
Ribbon of the order
The Royal Guelphic Order (German: Guelphen-Orden), sometimes referred to as the Hanoverian Guelphic Order, is a Hanoverian order of chivalry instituted on 28 April 1815 by the Prince Regent (later King George IV). It takes its name from the House of Guelph, of which the Hanoverians were a branch. Since Hanover and the United Kingdom shared a monarch until 1837, the order was frequently bestowed upon British subjects.
Until 1837 the order was frequently awarded to officers in the British Navy and Army, although it was still classed as a foreign order, with British members of the order not entitled to style themselves as "Sir" unless they were also created Knights Bachelor, as many were.
The British link ended in 1837 when Hanover's royal union with Great Britain ended, with Ernest Augustus becoming King of Hanover and Queen Victoria ascending the British throne. When Hanover was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia in 1866, the order continued as a house order to be awarded by the Royal House of Hanover. Today, its current Sovereign is the Hanoverian head of the house, Ernst August, Prince of Hanover.
The insignia was based on the white horse on Hanover's arms.
The Order includes two divisions, Civil and Military, the latter indicated by crossed swords on both the badge and star. It originally had three classes, but with several reorganisations since 1841, as house order today it has four classes and an additional Cross of Merit. In descending order of seniority the classes are:
- Knight Grand Cross (GCH). Received a collar chain and badge, a star worn on the left breast, and a badge worn from sash over the right shoulder.
- Knight Commander (KCH). A neck badge worn from a ribbon, with a breast star, smaller than that for the GCH.
- Knight (KH). Wore the badge on the left breast. Versions in both gold and silver were awarded.
Holders of the respective degrees of the order in Britain were entitled to be post-nominally addressed with the initials, which stand for Knight Grand Cross of Hanover, Knight Commander of Hanover and Knight of Hanover. The initial GCG was also used, and was cited in the original statutes of the order.
- Grand Cross
- Commander 1st Class
- Commander 2nd Class
- Cross of Merit
The Order has six officers: the Chancellor, the Vice-Chancellor, the Registrar, the King of Arms, the Genealogist, and the Secretary.
Officers until 1837
The first six officers were:
- Chancellor: Count Ernst Friedrich Herbert von Münster
- Vice-Chancellor: Georg Nieper
- Secretary: Ludwig Moeller
- King of Arms: Sir George Nayler
- Genealogist: August Neubourg
- Registrar: Sir William Woods
Officers since 1987
- Chancellor: Ernst August, Prince of Hanover
- Sir Charles Webb Dance
- Sir Edward Cromwell Disbrowe
- Sir Augustus d'Este
- Sir John Franklin
- Walthère Frère-Orban
- Sir Thomas Hawker
- William Herschel
- Sir William Jackson Hooker
- Sir Francis Palgrave, FRS, FSA
- Sir Frederick Smith
- Sir Benjamin Stephenson
- Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington KG, GCB, GCH, PC, FRS.
- British honours system
- List of Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Guelphic Order
- List of Knights Commander of the Royal Guelphic Order
- List of Knight of Hanover of the Royal Guelphic Order
- Robertson, Megan C. (2 April 2007). "United Kingdom: The Royal Guelphic Order". Medals of the World.
- Mussell, John (ed.). The Medal Yearbook 2015. Devon, UK: Token Publishing Ltd. p. 56. ISBN 9781908828163.
- Captain H. Taprell Dorling. Ribbons and Medals. pp. 31-32. A.H.Baldwin & Sons, London. 1956.
- "No. 18907". The London Gazette. 24 February 1832. p. 414. Examples of KCH's created Knight Batchelor.
- Disbrowe, Charlotte Anne Albinia (1903). Old Days in Diplomacy : Recollections of a Closed Century, by the Eldest Daughter of the late Sir Edward Cromwell Disbrowe, G.C.G. p 17. London.
- "Sir Charles Webb Dance KH 1785–1844". Norbury Family History. Retrieved 9 January 2020.