Royal Guelphic Order

Indian Order of Merit Title Badge (India) Saxe-Ernestine House Order
Royal Guelphic Order
Guelphic Order grand cross insignias (Hannover 1830) - Tallinn Museum of Orders.jpg
Grand cross star, sash and badge of the Royal Guelphic Order (Civil Division)
Awarded by Kingdom of Hanover
TypeHouse Order
Established28 April 1815
MottoNec Aspera Terrent
(Not afraid of difficulties)
SovereignErnst August
GradesAfter 1841
Grand Cross
Commander 1st Class
Commander 2nd Class
Knight
Cross of Merit
Former gradesOriginal
Knight Grand Cross
Knight Commander
Knight
Precedence
Next (higher)Order of Saint George
Next (lower)Order of Ernst August
Royal Guelphic Order.png
Ribbon of the order
Badge of the Royal Guelphic Order
Medal of the Order
Flag of the Electorate of Hanover, 1692

The Royal Guelphic Order (German: Guelphen-Orden), sometimes referred to as the Hanoverian Guelphic Order, is a Hanoverian order of chivalry instituted on 28 April 1815 by the Prince Regent (later King George IV).[1] It takes its name from the House of Guelph, of which the Hanoverians were a branch. Since Hanover and the United Kingdom shared a monarch until 1837, the order was frequently bestowed upon British subjects.[2]

History

Until 1837 the order was frequently awarded to officers in the British Navy and Army,[3] although it was still classed as a foreign order, with British members of the order not entitled to style themselves as "Sir" unless they were also created Knights Bachelor, as many were.[4]

The British link ended in 1837 when Hanover's royal union with Great Britain ended, with Ernest Augustus becoming King of Hanover and Queen Victoria ascending the British throne.[2] When Hanover was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia in 1866, the order continued as a house order to be awarded by the Royal House of Hanover. Today, its current Sovereign is the Hanoverian head of the house, Ernst August, Prince of Hanover.

Classes

The insignia was based on the white horse on Hanover's arms.

The Order includes two divisions, Civil and Military, the latter indicated by crossed swords on both the badge and star.[3] It originally had three classes, but with several reorganisations since 1841, as house order today it has four classes and an additional Cross of Merit. In descending order of seniority the classes are:

1815–1841

Holders of the respective degrees of the order in Britain were entitled to be post-nominally addressed with the initials, which stand for Knight Grand Cross of Hanover, Knight Commander of Hanover and Knight of Hanover. The initial GCG was also used, and was cited in the original statutes of the order.[5]

Gold and silver medals were attached to the order, for award to those not eligible for the order itself, including non commissioned officers and royal servants.[3]

After 1841

The Order

Officers

The Order has six officers: the Chancellor, the Vice-Chancellor, the Registrar, the King of Arms, the Genealogist, and the Secretary.

Officers until 1837

The first six officers were:

Officers since 1987

Notable members

See also

References

  1. ^ Robertson, Megan C. (2 April 2007). "United Kingdom: The Royal Guelphic Order". Medals of the World.
  2. ^ a b c d e Mussell, John (ed.). The Medal Yearbook 2015. Devon, UK: Token Publishing Ltd. p. 56. ISBN 9781908828163.
  3. ^ a b c Captain H. Taprell Dorling. Ribbons and Medals. pp. 31-32. A.H.Baldwin & Sons, London. 1956.
  4. ^ "No. 18907". The London Gazette. 24 February 1832. p. 414. Examples of KCH's created Knight Batchelor.
  5. ^ Disbrowe, Charlotte Anne Albinia (1903). Old Days in Diplomacy : Recollections of a Closed Century, by the Eldest Daughter of the late Sir Edward Cromwell Disbrowe, G.C.G. p 17. London.
  6. ^ "Sir Charles Webb Dance KH 1785–1844". Norbury Family History. Retrieved 9 January 2020.