Rose in the Fist

Emma Bonino List of political parties in Italy 2006 Italian general election
Advertisement - You can get this game from STEAM
Rose in the Fist

Rosa nel Pugno
LeaderEmma Bonino, Enrico Boselli
Founded17 November 2005
Dissolved18 December 2007
Political positionCentre-left
National affiliationThe Union

The Rose in the Fist (Italian: Rosa nel Pugno, RnP) was a political alliance of parties in Italy.

The RnP was composed of the Italian Democratic Socialists (SDI; a social-democratic party led by Enrico Boselli and Roberto Villetti), the Italian Radicals (RI; a liberal-libertarian party led by Marco Pannella and Emma Bonino) and some independent members gathered in the Association for the Rose in the Fist (including Lanfranco Turci, Salvatore Buglio, and Biagio De Giovanni).

RnP was part of the centre-left coalition The Union, and was one of the main supporters of gay rights, abortion and euthanasia in Italian politics.


The federation was constituted in September 2005, during a convention held in Fiuggi, based on the political principles of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero (excluding foreign policy, where the Radicals have an Atlanticist, pro-American stance), Tony Blair and Loris Fortuna. In November, its official definition was finally announced, and the symbol presented, a red rose recalling the current emblem of the Socialist International, the historical logo of the Radicals during the 1970s and the 1980s, and also that of the Italian Democratic Socialists.

The Radical component of the alliance created some friction with the more Catholic-inspired components of The Union, such as Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy and the UDEUR Populars. The Socialist component was made up mostly of veterans of the Italian Socialist Party. There was also the so-called "third component", composed mainly by former Democrats of the Left, such as Lanfranco Turci, Salvatore Buglio and Biagio De Giovanni, gathered in the Association for the Rose in the Fist.

In the Prodi II Cabinet the RnP was represented by Radical Emma Bonino, who served as Minister of European Affairs and International Trade.[1]

The alliance was disbanded in December 2007, upon which the SDI merged with the Association for the Rose in the Fist and other minor movements to form the current-day Italian Socialist Party.


It was composed of the following political parties:

Party Ideology Leader
Italian Radicals (RI) Social liberalism Emma Bonino
Italian Democratic Socialists (SDI) Social democracy Enrico Boselli

Popular support

The federation presented its own lists for the 2006 general election, obtaining 2.6% of votes, and winning 18 seats[2] (9 for SDI, 7 for the Radicals, one for Lanfranco Turci and one for Salvatore Buglio) in the Chamber of Deputies and no seats in the Senate.

This was not an encouraging result, indeed a bad one, considering that the Radicals alone scored 2.3% both at the 2001 general election and at the 2004 European Parliament election, while the Socialists had an electoral force of 2–3% in regional and local elections.

In particular, it seems that the Radicals lost votes to Forza Italia in their Northern strongholds (as Piedmont, Lombardy, Veneto and Friuli-Venezia Giulia), while the Socialists did the same in favour of The Olive Tree coalition in their Southern strongholds (as Abruzzo, Campania, Apulia, Basilicata and Calabria). The table below shows how the two parties were not able to secure the favour of their usual voters, so that the Rose in the Fist scored less than Radicals alone in the North and the Socialists alone in the South.

Rad 2004 SDI 2005 Rad-SDI 2006
Piedmont 3.1 2.4 2.7
Lombardy 2.7 w. OliveTree 2.6
Veneto 2.8 w. OliveTree 2.3
Friuli VG 3.2 no election 2.7
Abruzzo 2.2 5.2 2.9
Campania 1.2 5.3 2.8
Apulia 1.7 4.0 3.1
Basilicata 1.5 w. OliveTree 3.8
Calabria 0.9 6.8 4.3

Electoral results

Italian Parliament

Chamber of Deputies
Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2006 990,694 (#7) 2.6
18 / 630
Emma Bonino
Senate of the Republic
Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2006 851,604 (#9) 2.5
0 / 315
Emma Bonino

External links


  1. ^ La Civiltà Cattolica. La Civiltà Cattolica. 2006. p. 493. UOM:39015066095640.
  2. ^ James C. Docherty; Peter Lamb (2006). Historical Dictionary of Socialism. Scarecrow Press. p. 183. ISBN 978-0-8108-6477-1.