Rino Formica

Emilio Colombo Remo Gaspari Gianni De Michelis
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Rino Formica
Rino Formica.jpg
Minister of Transport
In office
4 April 1980 – 28 June 1981
Prime MinisterFrancesco Cossiga
Arnaldo Forlani
Preceded byLuigi Preti
Succeeded byVincenzo Balzamo
Minister of Finance
In office
28 June 1981 – 1 December 1982
Prime MinisterGiovanni Spadolini
Preceded byFranco Reviglio
Succeeded byFrancesco Forte [it]
In office
22 July 1989 – 28 June 1992
Prime MinisterGiulio Andreotti
Preceded byEmilio Colombo
Succeeded byGiovanni Goria
Minister of Labour and Social Security
In office
28 July 1987 – 22 July 1989
Prime MinisterGiovanni Goria
Ciriaco De Mita
Preceded byErmanno Gorrieri
Succeeded byCarlo Donat-Cattin
Member of the Senate
In office
5 June 1968 – 11 July 1983
Member of the Chamber of Deputies
In office
11 July 1983 – 14 April 1994
Personal details
Born (1927-03-01) 1 March 1927 (age 93)
Bari, Italy
NationalityItalian
Political partyItalian Socialist Party
OccupationChartered accountant, politician

Salvatore Formica (born 1 March 1927), best known as Rino Formica, is a former Italian politician.

Biography

Formica was born in Bari.

He became a member of national importance of the Italian Socialist Party (Italian: Partito Socialista Italiano, or simply PSI) during the leadership of Bettino Craxi. He was several times Minister of the Italian Republic starting from 1980. He was Minister of Budget in the Spadolini II Cabinet, whose fall was caused by a quarrel between Formica and the other economy minister Beniamino Andreatta.

Formica was strongly critical of the PSI's transformation from a popular, social-based party into one involved in numerous corruption and official malfeasance scandals under Craxi. He declared "the convent is poor, but the monks are rich" (in reference to PSI's financial problems, where its members were instead increasingly well endowed),[1] and defined PSI's national assembly as "a court of dwarves and ballerinas.[2] Formica was one of the numerous PSI members involved in the Mani Pulite scandal of the early 1990s, although he was acquitted in the two trials raised against him.[3] After Craxi's resignation as PSI national secretary in 1993, he supported Claudio Martelli as his successor. In 1994 he was not re-elected to the Italian Parliament for the first time since the 1970s.

In 2003 he founded a post-Socialist party called Socialismo è Libertà and later adhered to the new Italian Socialist Party, a small-sized formation of socialists who did not join the Democratic Party.

References

  1. ^ Veltri, Elio (1993). Da Craxi a Craxi. Laterza. p. 208.
  2. ^ Stimolo, Sergio; Gianna Fregonara (1994). Onorevole parli chiaro. Rizzoli. p. 166. ISBN 88-17-84307-5.
  3. ^ Perna, Giancarlo. "Formica assolto dopo 17 anni". Il Giornale website. Il Giornale. Retrieved 14 October 2011.