|Source||Upper Rideau Lake|
|• location||United Counties of Leeds and Grenville, Ontario, Canada|
|City of Ottawa|
|Length||100 km (62 mi)|
|Basin size||4,000 km2 (1,500 sq mi)|
|• location||Rideau Falls|
|• average||35 m3/s (1,200 cu ft/s)|
The Rideau River (French: Rivière Rideau; Ojibwe: Pasapkedjinawong) is a river in Eastern Ontario, Canada. The river flows north from Upper Rideau Lake and empties into the Ottawa River at the Rideau Falls in Ottawa, Ontario. Its length is 146 kilometres (91 mi).
As explained in a writing by Samuel de Champlain in 1613, the river was given the name "Rideau" (curtain) because of the appearance of the Rideau Falls. The Anishinàbemowin name for the river is "Pasapkedjinawong", meaning "the river that passes between the rocks."
The Rideau Canal, which allows travel from Ottawa to the city of Kingston, Ontario on Lake Ontario, was formed by joining the Rideau River with the Cataraqui River. The river diverges from the Canal at Hog's Back Falls in Ottawa.
In early spring, to reduce flooding on the lower section of the river, workers from the city of Ottawa use ice blasting to clear the ice which covers the river from Billings Bridge to Rideau Falls by cutting "keys" through the ice and using explosives to break off large sheets of ice. This practice has been going on for more than 100 years.
The regulatory authority charged with protecting the Rideau River and its tributaries is the Rideau Valley Conservation Authority.
Communities along the Rideau include:
- Ottawa, Ontario
- Manotick, Ontario
- Kars, Ontario
- North Grenville, Ontario
- Merrickville, Ontario
- Smiths Falls, Ontario
Samuel de Champlain, who was the first european to have seen the river, named it rideau (the french word for "curtain") due to the resemblance between Rideau Falls and a curtain.
In earlier times, the river was used as a transportation route between the Ottawa and Saint Lawrence River. The fertility of the lands along the banks of Rideau river attracted loyalist settlers looking for good farmlands, which led to growth of settlements in the surrounding regions. After the War of 1812, a waterway, designed by John By, was built through Rideau River connecting Kingston to Montreal.
- Ottawa's Green spaces along the Rideau River
- List of Ontario rivers
- Royal Swans, that occupy a stretch of the river
- Lawrence, Bonita (2012). Fractured Homeland: Federal Recognition and Algonquin Identity in Ontario. Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada: UBC Press. ISBN 9780774822893.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Lawrence 2012, p. 178.
- Leblanc, Daniel (28 February 2011). "Why Ottawa needs to blow up the Rideau River every year". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 1 March 2011.
- "Rideau River | The Canadian Encyclopedia". www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca. Retrieved 2020-06-18.