Richard Émile Augustin de Candolle
Richard Émile Augustin de Candolle
|Died||4 May 1920 (aged 51)|
|Known for||plant systematics|
|Spouse(s)||Louise de Saugy|
|Author abbrev. (botany)||Aug.DC.|
Early life and education
Richard Émile Augustin de Candolle was the grandson of Alphonse Pyramus de Candolle, and son of Casimir de Candolle and Anna-Mathilde Marcet, granddaughter of William Marcet. He had three siblings: Raymond Charles de Candolle 1864–1935, Florence Pauline Lucienne de Candolle 1865–1943 and Reyne Marguerite de Candolle 1876–1958.
Having initially studied in Geneva, he was sent to England because of the maternal family connections and, in 1883, was sent to Rugby School where he remained until 1887. He then spent time in Frankfurt to improve his German before returning to London to study for the Civil Service, with the intention of entering the Diplomatic Service. However, he was obliged to abandon that ambition and, instead, studied for a career in law in Leipzig and Heidelberg from 1890 to 1893. Despite this he was always oriented towards botany, and, returning to Geneva, he vowed to continue the botanical family dynasty.
He married Louise de Saugy in 1895 and they had three daughters and two sons.
Not having particularly prepared for a career in botany, he was mentored by his father. He made a study of the east Madagascan collection of Emile Mocquerys, publishing several descriptions of new species in conjunction with colleagues. In 1912 he was called to work for the British consulate, a role for which his formal education had prepared him well. The demands of this, particularly during the four years of World War I, inevitably reduced his botanical studies.
The death of his father in 1918, and the end of war prompted him to resign from the consulate and he was set to continue his botanic career with renewed vigour. His death, at the age of 51, was unexpected. After his death, the de Candolle herbarium collection comprising 400,000 specimens and substantial library of 14,000 works, (which included a copy of the 1485, Herbarius latinus, the earliest illustrated work known, along with other pre-Linnean works) was donated to the city of Geneva
Awards, honours and affiliations
- Swiss Society of Natural Sciences
- Botanical Society of Geneva, president 1903–1907
- Botanical Society of Switzerland
- Geneva Society of Physical and Natural History, of which he was first treasurer, then president in 1914
- Chodat, Robert H. (June 1920). "Richard-Emile-Augustin de Candolle (1868–1920)". Archives des Sciences Physiques et Naturelles (in French). II (5): 172–175.
- Fancher, R E (October 1983). "Alphonse de Candolle, Francis Galton, and the early history of the nature-nurture controversy". Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences. 19 (4): 341–52. doi:10.1002/1520-6696(198310)19:4<341::aid-jhbs2300190403>3.0.co;2-7. PMID 11608560.
- Warner, M F (September 1921). Stevens, Neil E. (ed.). "Bibliography, Biography and History". Botanical Abstracts. IX (2): 100. citing abstract from: Anonymous (1920). "Augustin de Candole". Kew Bulletin: 219–220.
- Rossellat, Lionel. "Florence Pauline Lucienne de Candolle – Arbre généalogique Lionel Rossellat – Geneanet". Retrieved 3 April 2015.[better source needed]
- Briquet, J (1920). "Richard-Emile-Augustin de Candolle (1868–1920)". Actes de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles (in French and German): 1–4.
- Briquet, J (1920). "L'Herbier et la Bibliothèque de Candolle". Actes de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles (in French and German): 147.
- IPNI. Aug.DC.