Republic Square, Almaty

Kazakhstan Almaty Astana Square
Republic Square
Native name
Kazakh: Respýblıka Alańy
New Square
Independence Square
Republic Square, Almaty 1.jpg
LocationKazakhstan Almaty, Kazakhstan
Coordinates43°14′18″N 76°56′43″E / 43.23833°N 76.94528°E / 43.23833; 76.94528Coordinates: 43°14′18″N 76°56′43″E / 43.23833°N 76.94528°E / 43.23833; 76.94528
Built1980
Republic Square, Almaty is located in Kazakhstan
Republic Square, Almaty
Location of Republic Square in Kazakhstan

Republic Square (Kazakh: Республика Алаңы, Respýblıka Alańy), also known as Independence Square or New Square is the main square in Almaty, Kazakhstan. It is used for public events. The former presidential palace, now used as municipal offices, is on its south side.[1]

History

The area was created by the decision of the First Secretary of the Central Committee of Communist Party of Kazakhstan Dinmukhamed Kunayev, since an increase in population of the city, the Lenin Square during festival events could not accommodate all the residents of the city. The area opened in 1980 under the name Brezhnev Square (after Leonid Brezhnev) in honor of the 60th Anniversary of the founding of the Kazakh Republic. It has become the main square of the capital of Kazakhstan and until the collapse of the Soviet Union it was a place for mass demonstrations, celebrations, festivals, military parades, rallies, festivals. The area was planted with deciduous and coniferous trees. In 1981, Kunayev and party workers planted 70 Tien Shan firs along the walkway area.

In 1986, an infamous uprising known as Jeltoqsan occurred in the square. Where a group of crowd gathered to protest over Kunayev's dismissal. The events lasted from 16 December until 19 December 1986. The protests began in the morning of 17 December, as a student demonstration attracted thousands of participants as they marched through Brezhnev Square across to the CPK Central Committee building. As the result, internal troops and OMON forces entered the city, violence erupted throughout the city which around 200 people were killed.

In 1992, the basic, most important and favorite holiday was celebrated in the square. For the first time began to celebrate Nauryz. Unlike before, during Perestroika where the holiday was only allowed to celebrate at the Lenin Square. Every year on 22 March, from morning to midnight thousands of Almaty residents came to the square to celebrate the national holiday of the vernal equinox - Nauryz. In the square, every year on March 22, tents were put out, which sold baursaks, leather, rice and soft drinks. Festive concerts were also held by famous Kazakh stars.

Parades in honor of the 50th anniversary of the victory in the Second World War and the 5th anniversary of the Independence of Kazakhstan took place on the square on 9 May 1995 and 16 December 1996 respectively.[2]

In 2007, the square began construction of underground shopping and entertainment center, which demolished granite platform. Because of the construction zone, 60% of the area was closed by a fence, a large number of the Tien Shan fir trees were cut down, the movement of vehicles became limited. Before 2012, a symbol of independence for all Kazakhs - the Republic Square was disfigured by pits and wells. Residents negatively reacted to the construction, as the celebration of Nauryz was impossible for it to be held.

In 2012, the construction of the underground shopping center was finally over, however the celebration of Nauryz was still restricted until 2014 which the celebration was finally allowed.

List of architectural monuments

External video
Opening of the Independence Monument - 1996

The area previously had a status of state monuments of architecture and urban planning. In 2015, it was ruled into the State list of historical and cultural monuments of local importance in Almaty.[3]

Name

From 1980, the area was named as New Square, in 1982 the area was renamed to Brezhnev Square as a tribute to the death of Leonid Brezhnev. On April 1, 1988 a published decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU, the Presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet and the USSR Council of Ministers changed the name from Leonid Brezhnev back to New Square again.[4] On May 23, 1990, the Supreme Council of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic adopted a resolution to rename New Square to Republic Square.[5]

Gallery

Notes

References

  1. ^ Brummell, Paul (2012). Kazakhstan. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 139. ISBN 9781841623696.
  2. ^ "Военные парады в Казахстане за 15 лет "подорожали" в одиннадцать раз". Radiotochka.kz | Новости Казахстана – события, мнения, аналитика. Retrieved 2017-09-22.
  3. ^ "List of sites deprived of the status of the monument of history and culture". Archived from the original on 2015-11-19.
  4. ^ "KAZAKHSTAN Chronicle "P" Year 1988". "space" magazine. Archived from the original on 2015-02-10. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
  5. ^ "to change the name of the New Square in the city of Alma-Ata". Adilet.zan.kz. Archived from the original on 2016-01-01. Retrieved January 2, 2016.