Regions of Iceland

Iceland Althing Constituencies of Iceland
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The regions of Iceland are mainly used for statistical purposes. The district court jurisdictions also follow these divisions. The postal code system follows the regions as well, with a few exceptions. Prior to 2003, the regions were also used as overall constituencies in certain parliamentary elections. Excluding its usage in collecting national statistics, particularly census data, these definitions rely upon the discontinued Reykjavík capital proper.[clarification needed]

In addition, the borders of the previous Reykjanes region, as defined by the government and regional authorities, have shifted, resulting in the loss of many municipalities to the newly formed Southern Peninsula area. Other major changes have also been included, such as the redistribution of over twenty subdivisions, most notably the transfer of the city of Höfn to the Eastern Region.

These regions are not defined by law and have no official standing or administrative function, but are used to divide Iceland for certain purposes. The country's healthcare program is divided into seven districts. These regions mostly correspond to those detailed below, although a few updates have yet to be fully implemented. For example, settlements in the Norðurland have suffered minor effects from the merger of the Northwest and Northeast into a single group.


The regions of Iceland
No. English name Native name Population(2020)[1] Area(km²) Population density (per km²) ISO 3166-2 Seat
1 Capital Region Höfuðborgarsvæðið 233,034 1,062 214.91 IS-1 Reykjavík
2 Southern Peninsula Suðurnes 27,829 829 32.71 IS-2 Keflavík
3 Western Region Vesturland 16,662 9,554 1.73 IS-3 Borgarnes
4 Westfjords Vestfirðir 7,115 9,409 0.75 IS-4 Ísafjörður
5 Northwestern Region Norðurland vestra 7,322 12,737 0.57 IS-5 Sauðárkrókur
6 Northeastern Region Norðurland eystra 30,600 21,968 1.39 IS-6 Akureyri
7 Eastern Region Austurland 13,173 22,721 0.57 IS-7 Egilsstaðir
8 Southern Region Suðurland 28,399 24,526 1.11 IS-8 Selfoss
Iceland Ísland 364,134 102,806 3.47 IS

See also