Red–green alliance

Green politics European Green Party Social democracy

In politics, a red–green alliance or red–green coalition is an alliance of "red" (often social-democratic or democratic socialist) parties with "green" (often green and/or occasionally agrarian) parties. The alliance is often based on common left political views, especially a shared distrust of corporate or capitalist institutions. While the "red" social-democratic parties tend to focus on the effects of capitalism on the working class, the "green" environmentalist parties tend to focus on the environmental effects of capitalism.

The term was coined by conservative Prime Minister of Sweden Carl Bildt in a debate against the Social Democrat opposition leader Ingvar Carlsson 1994.[1]

Red–green coalition governments

There have been a number of red–green governments in Europe since the 1990s.

Red–red–green coalition

A red–red–green coalition or red–green–red coalition is a left-wing alliance of two "red" social democratic, democratic socialist or socialist parties with one "green" environmentalist party. Examples include:

Radical red–green alliances

Political parties or joint electoral lists have been formed over the years, most often between socialists and left-oriented greens. Example include:

Red–green alliances with centre-left parties

There are also red/green political alliances and/or electoral agreements between social-democratic or liberal parties cooperate with green parties

See also


  1. ^ "Orden som präglar valrörelsen". Göteborgsposten. Archived from the original on September 11, 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-09.
  2. ^ "Namnet är spikat". Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 2008-12-11.
  3. ^ "Opposition parties to build coalition". The Local - Sweden's News in English. Retrieved 2008-12-11.
  4. ^
  5. ^ | News | Could the 'red-green coalition' be revived?
  6. ^ Taylor, Matthew (19 March 2008). "Greens and Livingstone join forces against Johnson". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-11-28.
  7. ^ "Labour, Greens to work to change govt". Radio New Zealand. 2016-05-31. Retrieved 2017-06-07.
  8. ^ Small, Vernon (2017-03-24). "Labour-Greens have signed up to a joint position on surpluses, cutting debt". Retrieved 2017-06-07.