Raúl Roa García
Raúl Roa García
Raúl Roa (1961)
|Born||18 April 1907|
|Died||July 6, 1982 (aged 75)|
Raúl Roa García (April 18, 1907 – July 6, 1982) was a Cuban intellectual, politician and diplomat. He served as Foreign Minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976. He was a lawyer and was also a university professor in the 1940s and 1950s. He was also Director of Culture of the Ministry of Education from 1949 to 1951.
In 1927, he met Rubén Martínez Villena who instructed him more on social problems. Additionally, he participated with other anti-imperialist youths and revolutionaries at Universidad Popular José Martí and the Liga Antimperialista. He was also writing for the magazine Revista Avance and the weekly paper Otro.
In the 1930s, he wrote for Directorio Estudiantil Revolucionario where he crystallized his Marxist-Leninist beliefs.
Roa entered the Ala Izquierda Estudiantil in 1931. In this organization, much more radical, he positions himself more clearly on the necessity of the fight for the sovereignty of Cuba and against imperialism. His writings at this time reflect his firm idea in an armed rebellion. He is arrested and sent to prison.
He left prison in 1933 and wrote Manifiesto al pueblo de Cuba. He participated in the general strike of 1933 that led to the ouster of Gerardo Machado. In March 1935, he was exiled to the United States. There he united with people such as Pablo de la Torriente Brau and founded the organization, Organización Revolucionaria Cubana Antiimperialista (ORCA).
He kept good relations with other Latin American countries and also signed an anti-hijacking agreement with the United States in 1973.
He died in Havana on July 6, 1982. He was married to Dr. Ada Kouri Barreto. Their son, Raúl Roa Kouri, is also a diplomat and has served as Cuba's ambassador to the Holy See and Cuba's representative to the United Nations. His grandfather was Lieutenant Coronel Ramón Roa Gari of the Cuban Liberation Army.
- Archivo Opus Habana article (in Spanish)
- Bibloteca Nacional José Martí de Cuba article(in Spanish)
- Centro de Información Para La Prensa bio(in Spanish)
- Cuba Literaria bio (in Spanish)
- New York Times, July 8, 1982
- Roa Director de Cultura Una Política Una Revista, Danay Ramos Ruiz (Havana, Cuba: Research Center & Development of the Cuban Culture, 2002) (in Spanish)
Roberto Agramonte y Pichardo
| Foreign Minister of Cuba
Isidoro Malmierca Peoli