Quebec Government Offices
The Quebec Government Offices (French: Délégations générales du Québec) are the Government of Quebec's official representations around the world. They are overseen by Quebec's Ministry of International Relations.
The network of 33 offices in 18 countries consists of eight general delegations, five delegations, thirteen government bureaux, five trade branches, and two areas of representation in multilateral affairs.
Quebec had agents-general in London, Paris, and Brussels prior to 1936, when legislation was passed by the government of Maurice Duplessis closing all Quebec government offices abroad. The government of Adélard Godbout repealed the legislation and opened an office in New York City in 1940. When Duplessis returned to power in 1944, his government retained the New York City office and its agent-general but opened no others.
In the early 1960s, the government of Jean Lesage began to open additional offices abroad in Paris (1961), London (1962), Rome and Milan (1965). Subsequent governments opened offices in Chicago (1969), Boston, Lafayette, Dallas and Los Angeles (1970), Munich and Berlin (1971), Brussels (1972), Atlanta (1977), Washington, DC (1978), Mexico City and Tokyo (1980), Beijing and Santiago (1998), Shanghai and Barcelona (1999), Mumbai (2007), São Paulo (2008) and Moscow (2012). A UQAM scholar in 1984 called the offices "mini-embassies" for Quebec, and part of the Quiet Revolution.
In 1971, the title of agent-general was officially changed to delegate-general, although the previous title is still often used, particularly for the government's representative to London.
As of 2019, the Government of Quebec is represented in by 32 offices in 18 countries and has delegates-general (agents-general) in Brussels, Dakar, London, Mexico City, Munich, New York City, Paris and Tokyo; delegates to Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, and Rome; and offices headed by directors offering more limited services in Barcelona, Beijing, Dakar, Hong Kong, Mumbai, São Paulo, Shanghai, Stockholm, and Washington. In addition, there are the equivalent of Honorary consuls, titled antennes, in Berlin, Philadelphia, Qingdao, Seoul, and California's Silicon Valley. Québec also has a Delegate for Francophonie and Multilateral Affairs and a Representative to UNESCO, both based in Paris.
Quebec, like other Canadian provinces, also maintains representatives in some Canadian embassies and consulates general.
- Reuchamps, Min (2014-12-17). Minority Nations in Multinational Federations: A comparative study of Quebec and Wallonia. ISBN 9781317634720.
- Sanguin, A.-L. (1984). "The Quebec Question and the Political Geography of Canada". GeoJournal. 8 (2): 99–107. doi:10.1007/BF00231488. JSTOR 41143255.
- "Réseau des représentations à l'étranger".