Quebec Autoroute 85

Quebec Autoroute 20 New Brunswick Route 2 Trans-Canada Highway

Autoroute 85 shieldTrans-Canada Highway shield

Autoroute 85
Autoroute Claude-Béchard
Route information
Maintained by Transports Québec
Length58.0 km[2][1] (36.0 mi)
Existed2005[1]–present
Major junctions
South end Route 2 (TCH) near Moulin-Morneault, NB
  Route 232 in Témiscouata-sur-le-Lac
Rue Fraserville, Rivière-du-Loup
North end A-20 (TCH) in Notre-Dame-du-Portage
Location
Major citiesRivière-du-Loup, Témiscouata-sur-le-Lac
Highway system
A-73Route 101

Autoroute 85 is a Quebec Autoroute and the route of the Trans-Canada Highway in the province's Bas-Saint-Laurent region, also known as the Autoroute Claude-Béchard. It is currently under construction with committed Federal and Provincial funding for its completion, with an estimated completion date of 2025.[3] Once this upgrade is completed, it will close the last gap in the nearly continuous freeway section of the Trans-Canada between Arnprior, Ontario, and Sutherlands River, Nova Scotia, and for an even longer interprovincial freeway route between Windsor, Ontario and Halifax, Nova Scotia. Running between Rivière-du-Loup (at a junction with Autoroute 20) and a junction with New Brunswick Route 2 at the Quebec-New Brunswick border, the A-85 when complete will be the only controlled access highway link between the Maritime Provinces and the rest of the country. The A-85 is projected to be approximately 100 km (60 mi) long when construction is complete and is intended to replace Route 185, which has been called one of the deadliest highways in Canada.[4]

Currently there are two completed sections of the A-85. Constructed in 1970, the first section runs from Saint-Antonin (km 87) to a junction with the A-20 at Notre-Dame-du-Portage (km 100). Originally signed as Route 185 when built, it was designed as A-85 in 2005 following extensive rehabilitation. The second, newer section extends from the New Brunswick border (km 0) to Saint-Louis-du-Ha! Ha! (km 48). Construction began in 2002 in the vicinity of Témiscouata-sur-le-Lac and continued to 2016.

Route description

Southern segment

The A-85 begins at the Quebec-New Brunswick border as the continuation of New Brunswick Route 2 and the Trans-Canada Highway. In 2010, the Quebec government announced that the A-85 would be named for Claude Béchard, a longtime Member of the National Assembly from Bas-Saint-Laurent.[5]

From the New Brunswick border, the A-85 briefly parallels the main runway of the Edmundston Airport, which straddles the interprovincial border. The A-85 travels in a northwesterly direction, following the course of the Madawaska River. The autoroute passes Dégelis to the west with exits at km 12, km 14, and km 15. Briefly skirting the south shore of Lake Témiscouata, the A-85 passes through Témiscouata-sur-le-Lac, with exits at km 29, km 37, and km 40 (which provides access to Parc nationale Lac-Témiscouata). At Saint-Louis-du-Ha! Ha! (km 48), the controlled-access highway ends and the route resumes its designation as Route 185.

Northern segment

The second section of the A-85 begins in Saint-Antonin with exits at km 89, km 90, and km 93 as it traverses the Saint Lawrence Lowlands. Exit 93 provides access to Route 191 which bypasses Rivière-du-Loup to the south and provides the most direct route for motorists bound for Rimouski, Mont-Joli, and Gaspésie via eastbound A-20. After one last exit (km 97), the A-85 merges with westbound A-20 at the Saint Lawrence River. Westbound A-20 assumes the Trans-Canada Highway designation, continuing on to Québec City and Montréal, then to Windsor via the A-20 and Ontario Highway 401, or Ottawa via the A-40 and Ontario Highway 417.

History

Autoroute 85 in Rivière-du-Loup looking North towards the Saint Lawrence River
Construction History[3]
km Year Notes
0-8 2014 New Brunswick (Route 2) to Kilometre 8
8-14 2013 Kilometre 8 to Dégelis
14-15 2004 Dégelis
15-22 2013 Dégelis to Témiscouata-sur-le-lac (Notre-Dame-du-Lac)
22-29 2015 South of Témiscouata-sur-le-lac (Notre-Dame-du-Lac)
29-30 2002 Témiscouata-sur-le-lac (Notre-Dame-du-Lac)
30-36 2014 Témiscouata-sur-le-lac (Notre-Dame-du-Lac to Cabano)
36-38 2009 Témiscouata-sur-le-lac (Cabano)
38-44 2011 Témiscouata-sur-le-lac (Cabano) to St-Louis-du-Ha! Ha!
44-48 2009 St-Louis-du-Ha! Ha!
48-56 2025 (scheduled) St-Louis-du-Ha! Ha! to Saint-Honoré-de-Témiscouata[6]
56-62 2022 (scheduled) Saint-Honoré-de-Témiscouata
62-70 2025 (scheduled) Saint-Honoré-de-Témiscouata to Saint-Hubert-de-Rivière-du-Loup
72-76 2021 (scheduled) Saint-Hubert-de-Rivière-du-Loup to Saint-Antonin
76-85 2022 (scheduled) Saint-Antonin
85-88 2021 (scheduled) Saint-Antonin[7]
88-94 2005 3e Rang in Saint-Antonin to Rivière-du-Loup (Route 185 converted to autoroute standards)
94-101 1972 From Rivière-du-Loup to Autoroute 20/Trans-Canada Highway West (Historic section of Route 185)

Exit list

The entire route is located in Bas-Saint-Laurent

Locationkm[8]miExitDestinationsNotes
Dégelis0.00.0 Route 2 (TCH) east – Edmundston, FrederictonContinuation into New Brunswick;
Trans-Canada Highway continues east
0.750.471Avenue de la MadawaskaSouthbound access is from New Brunswick Route 2
7.24.57Traverse Johnny-Griffin
12.47.712Rue Industrielle / Avenue du LongeronSouthbound exit and entrance
13.58.4 Route 295 (7e Rue) / Rue Industrielle – Dégelis, Saint-Jean-de-la-Lande, Saint-Juste-du-LacNorthbound exit and entrance
14.48.914 Route 295 (7e Rue) – Dégelis, Saint-Jean-de-la-Lande, Saint-Juste-du-LacNo northbound exit
15.49.6Avenue Principale – PackingtonNorthbound exit and entrance
Témiscouata-sur-le-Lac24.515.224Chemin du Lac, PackingtonAccess via Route Saint Benoit
28.2–
28.9
17.5–
18.0
29Rue de l'Église / Rue Commerciale – Saint-Eusèbe, Notre-Dame-du-Lac
29.618.430Rue CommercialeNorthbound exit and entrance
32.520.233Montée du Détour
37.223.137 Route 232 west (Rue Cascades) – Rivière-Bleue, PohénégamookSouth end of Route 232 concurrency
39.924.840 Route 232 east (Rue Commerciale) – Saint-Michel-du-Squatec, RimouskiNorth end of Route 232 concurrency
Saint-Louis-du-Ha! Ha!47.529.547Saint-Louis-du-Ha! Ha!, Saint-Elzéar-de-TémiscouataAccess via Rue Raymond
49.330.6 Route 185 (TCH) northRoad transitions to Route 185; south end of 38 km (24 mi) gap in A-85
Saint-Honoré-de-Témiscouata60 Route 291 north – Saint-Honoré-de-Témiscouata, Saint-Hubert-de-Rivière-du-LoupPart of Phase III extension[6][7]
Saint-Antonin85Chemin de Rivière-VertePart of Phase III extension[6][7]
88.054.7 Route 185 (TCH) southRoad transitions from Route 185; north end of 38 km (24 mi) gap in A-85
89.255.489Rue Principale – Saint-Antonin
90.456.2901er Rang – Saint-Modeste, Saint-AntoninSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
Rivière-du-Loup93.458.093 Route 191 (Boulevard Industriel) to A-20 east – Rivière-du-Loup, Rimouski
96.059.796Chemin Fraserville – Rivière-du-Loup
97.660.698Halte Routière de FraservilleNorthbound only
Notre-Dame-du-Portage99.962.1100 A-20 (TCH) west (Autoroute Jean-Lesage) – QuébecEastbound exit, westbound entrance; exit 499 on A-20;
Trans-Canada Highway follows A-20 west
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References

  1. ^ a b "Répertoire des autoroutes du Québec" (in French). Transports Québec. Archived from the original on 2010-01-11. Retrieved 2008-02-23.
  2. ^ Ministère des transports, "Distances routières", page (?), Les Publications du Québec, 2005
  3. ^ a b "Autoroute Claude-Béchard (85) - Réaménagement de la route 185 en autoroute". Archived from the original on 2018-09-25. Retrieved 2016-10-26.
  4. ^ Lessard, Denis. "L'autoroute Claude-Béchard: comme si c'était fait". lapresse.ca. La Presse (Montreal). Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  5. ^ Lessard, Denis (2010). "L'autoroute Claude-Béchard: comme si c'était fait". La Presse. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  6. ^ a b c "Début des travaux de la troisième phase de réaménagement de la route 185" (in French). Retrieved 2018-10-03.
  7. ^ a b c "A-85 Autoroute Claude-Bechard - Réaménagement de la R 185 en autoroute" (PDF). Transports Quebec. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
  8. ^ Google (January 2, 2020). "A-85 in Quebec" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 2, 2020.