Province of Chieti

Enlarge Abruzzo Chieti
Province of Chieti
Palazzo del Governo at Chieti, the provincial seat.
Palazzo del Governo at Chieti, the provincial seat.
Map highlighting the location of the province of Chieti in Italy
Map highlighting the location of the province of Chieti in Italy
Country Italy
RegionAbruzzo
Capital(s)Chieti
Comuni104
Government
 • PresidentMario Pupillo (PD)
Area
 • Total2,599.58 km2 (1,003.70 sq mi)
Population
 (30 September 2017)
 • Total387,649
 • Density150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
66010-66012, 66014-66023, 66026, 66030-66034, 66036-66038, 66040-66043, 66045-66047, 66050-66052, 66054
Telephone prefix085, 0871, 0872, 0873
Vehicle registrationCH
ISTAT069

The province of Chieti (Italian: provincia di Chieti; Abruzzese: pruvìngie de Chjìte) is a province in the Abruzzo region of Italy. Its provincial capital is the city Chieti, which has a population of 50,770 inhabitants. The province has a total population of 387,649 inhabitants as of 2017 and spans an area of 2,599.58 square kilometres (1,003.70 sq mi). It is divided into 104 comuni (comune) and the provincial president is Mario Pupillo.[1]

Chieti's cathedral was first constructed during the 9th century but was reconstructed during the 13th century. The province contains the Museo Nazionale di Antichità (National Antiquities Museum), which contains items from the area prior to Roman rule.[2]

History

It was first settled by the Osci people near the Pescara River. In around 1000 BCE it was conquered by Marsi and Marrucini people. The city was also lived in by the Greeks, who named it Teate. It was conquered by the Romans in 305 BCE but after the fall of Rome in 476 CE, Theoderic the Great gained ownership of the city and it was subsequently used as a Lombard fortress. The city was then owned by the Franks, the Normans, the Hohenstaufen, the Angevins and Aragonese rulers until strong control over the city was gained by Charles V of France. Chieti was made the capital of Abruzzo Citra under its period of rule by the House of Bourbon.[2]

The province of Chieti contains Ortona, a town founded by Fretani people for trading with the Greeks, which was the scene of a World War II battle between German and predominantly British and Canadian forces; over 2,000 civilians died and the town was largely destroyed.[2]

Geography

The province of Chieti is one of four provinces in the region of Abruzzo on the eastern coast of Italy. It is the most easternmost province in the region and is bounded to the northeast by the Adriatic Sea. The Province of Pescara lies to the north and the Province of L'Aquila to the northwest. To the south lies the Province of Isernia and the Province of Campobasso lies to the south east, both these provinces being part of the region of Molise. The provincial capital is Chieti, situated on a ridge a few miles inland and just south of the Aterno-Pescara River which flows into the sea at nearby Pescara.[3]

There has been a movement by farmers away from the land and the area. The outflow has been greatest from the hilly and mountainous areas, where the holdings are small and worked by the families who own them. In the period 1951 to 1971, the number of people employed in agriculture in Chieti fell from over 80% to around 45%, the number employed in industry tripled to around 20% and the number employed in the service sector, tripled to around 30%.[4]

Main sights

Chieti

The bell tower of the Cathedral of Chieti
The famous Warrior of Capestrano in the National Archeological Museum of Abruzzo in Chieti

Under the church of SS. Pietro e Paolo and the adjoining houses are extensive substructures (in opus reticulatum and brickwork) of the 1st century CE, belonging to a building erected by M. Vectius Marcellus[5] and Helvidia Priscilla. There are also remains of large reservoirs and of an ancient theatre. In the early 21st century, new archeological excavations are under way on the site of the former Campo Sportivo.

Lanciano

The Torri Montanare.

Vasto

Santa Maria Maggiore church bell tower

The old part of the town (centro storico) features a number of interesting buildings and churches dating from the 12th to the 18th century, including:

Below the hill on which the town is located, the beach resort town of Marina di Vasto offers a large sandy beach and several hotels and other facilities.

Marina di Vasto and the Golfo di Vasto in the Adriatic Sea, viewed from Vasto

Further north the coast becomes rocky and features interesting pebble and stone beaches and coves, as well as the typical trabocchi, that are typical wooden fishing machines of the Southern Abruzzo coast.
Amongst the most interesting natural areas, also featuring a number of sandy and rocky beaches, is the protected natural area of the Riserva Naturale di Punta Aderci, whose beaches were voted in 2014 3rd of the top 20 beaches in Italy.[7]

Ortona

The origins of Ortona are uncertain. Presumably, it was first inhabited by the Frentani, an Italic population. In 2005, during works near the Castle, a Bronze Age settlement was discovered, and the Roman town largely coincided with this first settlement. Some sections of paved roads and urban walls, as well as some archaeological findings are the only remains of this period. Ortona remained a part of the Roman Empire (i.e., the Byzantine Empire) for several centuries, before it was annexed by the Kingdom of the Lombards. In 803 the Franks incorporated Ortona into the county of Chieti. From that date on, the town remained tied to Chieti and its territory.

The Aragonese castle in Ortona.
The Basilica of San Tommaso Apostolo, where are the remains of the saint

In 1258 the relics of the Apostle Thomas were brought to Ortona by the sailor Leone Acciaiuoli. In the first half of the 15th century its walls were built, and during this period Ortona fought with the nearby town of Lanciano in a fierce war that ended in 1427. On June 30, 1447, ships from Venice destroyed the port of Ortona; consequently the King of Sicily at that time commissioned the construction of a Castle to dominate the renovated port. In 1582 the town was acquired by Margaret of Parma, daughter of Emperor Charles V and Duchess of Parma. In 1584 Margaret decided to build a great mansion (known as Palazzo Farnese), which was never completed due to her death.

After the establishment of the Kingdom of Italy in 1860, Ortona became one of the first sea resorts on the Adriatic Sea. On 9 September 1943, the royal family of the House of Savoy left German-occupied Italy from the port of Ortona. The defensive Gustav Line was established by the Germans at Ortona (extending towards Cassino on the opposite side of Italy). Ortona offered the Allies a supply port on the Adriatic and was fiercely defended by the Germans attracted the attention of that the international press in the struggle between the German paratroopers and the 2nd Canadian Infantry Brigade. This led to this battle being known as "Little Stalingrad."

Guardiagrele

West view of Santa Maria Maggiore

The biggest church in Guardiagrele is Santa Maria Maggiore of which it has been written:[8]

The façade presents a splendid 14th-century gothic portal, among the most elegant in the Abruzzi Gothic style. The Coronation of the Virgin sculpture group in the portal lunette is also magnificent, attributed to the school of Nicola di Guardiagrele. Under the colonnaded portico, next to the lateral door, is the splendid fresco by Andrea De Litio (1473) portraying Saint Christopher. In the interior, completely rebuilt in the 18th century following an earthquake, crumbling stucco-work in the Baroque style and a shrine of the same period set off a 15th-century fresco representing the Madonna of the Milk.

In addition to Santa Maria Maggiore, there are several other churches and palazzi or mansions of various ages which are of architectural interest, including S. Nicola di Bari (founded in the 4th century), the convent of the Chapuchins (1599), Palazzo De Lucia (16th century), Palazzo Elisii (15th-18th century), the cloister of the Palazzo Comunale Piazza San Francesco (17th century) and Palazzo Marini (1391).

Museums include:

International relations

The Province of Chieti is twinned with:

Quality of life

Quality of life indicators according to Il Sole 24 ORE in 2019
Indicators Values
Wealth and consumption
Value added per inhabitant € 23,300
Per capita bank deposits € 19,777.2
Average monthly mortgage payments € 709.8
Average remaining financial exposure € 28,029.0
Average price of new 100 m2 apartments in semicentral zones of the capital € 1150.0 per m2
Average monthly rental fee of new 100 m2 apartments in semicentral zones of the capital € 350.0
Sold m2/offered m2 65.0%
Average old-age pension amount € 981.3
Annual family expenditure on durable goods € 2191.0
Per capita protests € 9.7
Percentage of over 18 population with active credits 38.3%
Average income per taxpayer € 17,432
Income per taxpayer variation from 2007 to 2017 1.4%
Environment and services
Average per capita local governments social expenditure for disabled people, senior citizens, and minors € 59.0
Percentage of residents dismissed from hospitals out of Region 15.0%
Air pollution in terms of PM10 24.0 μg/m³
Family doctors/1,000 inhabitants 1.1
Pediatricians/1,000 inhabitants aged from 0 to 15 years old 2.7
Justice and safety
Reported car thefts/100,000 inhabitants 109.4
Reported home burglaries/100,000 inhabitants 190.1
Reported rapes/100,000 inhabitants 2.9
Reported crimes/100,000 inhabitants 2679.0
Reported robberies/100,000 inhabitants 20.2
Reported extortions/100,000 inhabitants 11.4
Reported crimes associated with psychoactive drugs/100,000 inhabitants 38.4
Reported frauds and informatics frauds/100,000 inhabitants 265.1
Civil procedures/100,000 inhabitants 2530.4
Percentage of cases pending more than three years 0.1%
Average duration of civil procedures 244.4 days
Defined procedures/new ones 1.0
Reports of crimes associated with money laundering/100,000 inhabitants 0.5
Reported fires/100,000 inhabitants 7.8
Dead and injured people due to road accidents/1,000 inhabitants 3.9
Business and occupation
Regular immigrants/resident population 0.1%
Unemployment rate (from 15 to 74 years old) 11.3%
Youth unemployment rate (from 15 to 29 years old) 30.2%
Goods exported abroad/GDP 65.3%
Inactive resident population 34.9%
Registered companies/100 inhabitants 11.7
Innovative startups/1,000 capital companies 3.3
Difference between new registered companies and ceased companies/companies registered in the former year 0.1
Failing companies/companies registered 1.4%
Demography and society
Domestic net migration -0.6%
Mortality rate per 10,000 inhabitants 11.8
Deaths due to heart attacks/1,000 inhabitants in five years 3.1
Deaths due to tumors/1,000 inhabitants in five years 13.5
Life expectancy at birth 82.9 years
Average number of people per family 2.3
Life expectancy at birth increase 2.1 years
Households and unions/1,000 inhabitants 497.3
Successful births/average resident population 6.6 ‰
Population aged 65 and over/population aged 15-64 0.391
Population aged 65 and over/population aged 0-14 2.016
Difference between population that declares to become resident abroad and vice versa/1,000 inhabitants 3.1
Years of schooling received on average by over 25 population 10.4
Acquisition of citizenship/foreign residents 2.2%
Culture and free time
Cinema seats/100,000 inhabitants 1927.5
Libraries/10,000 inhabitants 3.2
Restaurants and bars/100,000 inhabitants 685.5
Shows/10 km2 175.0
Book shops/100.000 inhabitants 7.0
Gyms/100.000 inhabitants 11.2
Per capita expenditure on shows € 9.8
Percentage of population subscriber of ultra-broadband 3.4%
Hotel beds/km2 9.7

References

  1. ^ "Provincia di Chieti". Tutt Italia. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
  2. ^ a b c Roy Palmer Domenico (2002). The Regions of Italy: A Reference Guide to History and Culture. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 10–11. ISBN 978-0-313-30733-1.
  3. ^ The Times Comprehensive Atlas of the World (13 ed.). Times Books. 2011. p. 76. ISBN 9780007419135.
  4. ^ Russell King (2015). Return Migration and Regional Economic Problems (Routledge Library Editions: Economic Geography). Routledge. pp. 94–. ISBN 978-1-317-52459-5.
  5. ^ Probably mentioned by Pliny, H.N., II., 199.
  6. ^ Chiese di Vasto: Santa Maria Maggiore, 2014, at the URL: http://www.vastospa.it/html/la_citt%E0/ch_s_maria.htm[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ Legambiente, 2014 http://www.legambiente.it/contenuti/comunicati/le-spiagge-piu-belle-dell-estate-2014-cala-degli-infreschi-camerota-e-la-piu-ap
  8. ^ I Borghi più belli d'Italia
  9. ^ "Vänorter" (in Swedish). Malmö stad. Retrieved 6 November 2013.