Protecting Canada's Immigration System Act

Immigration and Refugee Protection Act House of Commons of Canada Canadian immigration and refugee law
Protecting Canada's Immigration System Act
House of Commons of Canada
CitationS.C. 2012, c. 17
Enacted byHouse of Commons of Canada
Enacted bySenate of Canada
Royal assentJune 28, 2012
Legislative history
Bill introduced in the House of Commons of CanadaBill C-31
Introduced byMP Jason Kenney
First readingFebruary 16, 2012[1]
Second readingMarch 23, 2012[1]
Third readingJune 11, 2012[1]
Conference committee bill passedMay 14, 2012[1]
Bill introduced in the Senate of CanadaBill C-31
First readingJune 11, 2012
Second readingJune 13, 2012
Third readingJune 27, 2012
Conference committee bill passedJune 21, 2012
Status: Current legislation

Protecting Canada's Immigration System Act, or Bill C-31, is an act of the 41st Canadian Parliament, sponsored by the Minister of Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism, Jason Kenney.

Introduced on 16 February 2012 and receiving Royal Assent on 28 June 2012,[1] Kenney claimed that the bill is necessary to protect the refugee system, and that it would address the number of "bogus refugees" and claimants from European Union democracies.[2] As such, the Act purposed to amend Canada's Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, Balanced Refugee Reform Act, Marine Transportation Security Act, and the Department of Citizenship and Immigration Act.

Changes

The following changes were made by the bill:

Criticism

Don Davies criticized the bill, saying that it broke the compromise previously reached within the government and that it "puts too much power in the hands of the minister."[3]

Amnesty International, the Canadian Association of Refugee Lawyers, the Canadian Civil Liberties Association, and the Canadian Council for Refugees called for the withdrawal of the bill, claiming that it has provisions that would give "Ministers broad, unfettered and unprecedented powers," and would:[4]

…arbitrarily detain groups of refugees; keep parents, children and spouses apart for years; undermine the fairness of the refugee claim and protection process; introduce the use of biometrics; and authorize the stripping of permanent residence from refugees…

Human Rights Watch also criticized the bill, saying that "[s]ubjecting 16- and 17-year-old children to mandatory, unreviewable detention backtracks on Canada’s commitments to children," and that "[w]e believe it is impossible to make a blanket determination that any country is safe for everyone and would never produce a refugee."[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "House Government Bill C-31". Parliament of Canada. Retrieved 7 April 2012.
  2. ^ Elliott, Louise; Payton, Laura (15 February 2012). "Refugee reforms include fingerprints, no appeals for some". CBC News. Retrieved 7 April 2012.
  3. ^ Elliott, Louise; Payton, Laura (15 February 2012). "Refugee reforms include fingerprints, no appeals for some". CBC News. Retrieved 7 April 2012.
  4. ^ "Media Advisory: Human Rights Groups Protest Draconian Refugee Bill". Canadian Civil Liberties Association. 15 March 2012. Archived from the original on 3 May 2012. Retrieved 7 April 2012.
  5. ^ "Canada: Vote No on Migrant Detention Bill". Human Rights Watch. 16 March 2012. Retrieved 7 April 2012.