Gaston Doumergue

Aristide Briand Pierre Laval Édouard Herriot

Gaston Doumergue
Gaston Doumergue 1924.jpg
Doumergue in 1924, as the Grand Master of the Legion of Honour
President of France
In office
13 June 1924 – 13 June 1931
Prime Minister
Preceded byAlexandre Millerand
Succeeded byPaul Doumer
Prime Minister of France
In office
9 February 1934 – 8 November 1934
PresidentAlbert François Lebrun
Preceded byÉdouard Daladier
Succeeded byPierre-Étienne Flandin
In office
9 December 1913 – 9 June 1914
PresidentRaymond Poincaré
Preceded byLouis Barthou
Succeeded byAlexandre Ribot
Personal details
Born
Pierre-Paul-Henri-Gaston Doumergue

1 August 1863
Aigues-Vives, France
Died18 June 1937 (aged 73)
Aigues-Vives, France
Political partyRadical Party
Alma materUniversity of Paris
Doumergue, taken c. 1910–1915

Pierre-Paul-Henri-Gaston Doumergue (French pronunciation: ​[ɡastɔ̃ dumɛʁɡ]; 1 August 1863 in Aigues-Vives, Gard – 18 June 1937 in Aigues-Vives) was a French politician of the Third Republic.

Life

Doumergue came from a Protestant family and was a freemason.[2][3][4] Beginning as a Radical, he turned more towards the political right in his old age. He served as prime minister from 9 December 1913 to 2 June 1914. He held the portfolio for the colonies through the ministries of René Viviani and Aristide Briand until Alexandre Ribot's ministry of March 1917, when he was sent to Russia to persuade Alexander Kerensky's government not to make a separate peace with Germany and Austria-Hungary. He was elected as the 13th French President on 13 June 1924, the only Protestant to hold that office. He served until 13 June 1931 and again was Prime Minister in a conservative national unity government, after the riots of 6 February 1934. That government lasted from 6 February to 8 November 1934.

He was widely regarded as one of the most popular French presidents, particularly after the highly-controversial Alexandre Millerand, who had been his predecessor. Doumergue was single when he was elected and became the first President of France to marry in office.[5]

Doumergue's First Ministry, 9 December 1913 – 9 June 1914

Changes

Doumergue's Second Ministry, 9 February – 8 November 1934

Time cover, 21 Jul 1924

Changes

See also

References

  1. ^ Gildea, Robert (1996). The Past in French History. Yale University Press. pp. 258–259. ISBN 978-0-300-06711-8.
  2. ^ Dictionnaire universelle de la Franc-Maçonnerie (Marc de Jode, Monique Cara and Jean-Marc Cara, ed. Larousse , 2011)
  3. ^ Dictionnaire de la Franc-Maçonnerie (Daniel Ligou, Presses Universitaires de France, 2006)
  4. ^ Ce que la France doit aux francs-maçons (Laurent KUPFERMAN,Emmanuel PIERRA, ed. Grund, 2012)
  5. ^ Sciolino, Elaine (3 February 2008). "French Leader and Ex-Model Wed in Quiet Ceremony". New York Times. Retrieved 10 August 2008.