Politics of Suriname

Progressive Reform Party (Suriname) General Liberation and Development Party National Party of Suriname
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Politics of Suriname take place in a framework of a representative democratic assembly-independent republic, whereby the president of Suriname is the head of state and head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. The executive power is dependent on the Parliament in theory. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly.[1][2] The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.[3]

Executive branch

The executive branch is headed by the president, who is elected by a two-thirds majority of the National Assembly or, failing that twice, by a majority of the People's Assembly for a 5-year term. If at least two-thirds of the National Assembly cannot agree to vote for one presidential candidate, a People's Assembly is formed from all National Assembly delegates and regional and municipal representatives who were elected by popular vote in the most recent national election.[4] The Vice President, normally elected at the same time as the president, is elected for a 5-year term, the same way as the president.[5] As head of government, the president appoints a cabinet of ministers who are led in their day-to-day activities by the Vice President.[6] There is no constitutional provision for removal or replacement of the president unless he resigns.

A Staatsraad (State Advisory Council) with a maximum of 15 members, advises the president in the conduct of policy. All but four seats are allotted by proportional representation of all political parties represented in the National Assembly.[7][8] The president chairs the council, and two seats are allotted to representatives of labor, and two are to employers' organizations. The Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president.[8]

Main office holders[9]
Office Name Party[10] Since
President Chan Santokhi VHP 16 July 2020
Vice President Ronnie Brunswijk ABOP 16 July 2020
Minister of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry & Fisheries Prahlad Sewdien [nl] VHP 16 July 2020
Minister of Defense Krishna Mathoera VHP 16 July 2020
Minister of Economic Affairs Saskia Walden [nl] VHP 16 July 2020
Minister of Education, Science & Culture Marie Levens NPS 16 July 2020
Minister of Employment and Youth Rishma Kuldipsingh [nl] VHP 16 July 2020
Minister of Finance Armand Achaibersing [nl] VHP 16 July 2020
Minister of Foreign Affairs Albert Ramdin VHP 16 July 2020
Minister of Home Affairs Bronto Somohardjo [nl] PL 16 July 2020
Minister of Justice and Police Kenneth Amoksi [nl] ABOP 16 July 2020
Minister of Land and Forest Management[11] Diana Pokie ABOP 16 July 2020
Minister of Natural Resources David Abiamofo [nl] ABOP 16 July 2020
Minister of Physical Planning, Land & Forestry Management Gracia Emanuël [nl] ABOP 16 July 2020
Minister of Public Health Amar Ramadhin VHP 16 July 2020
Minister of Public Works Riad Nurmohamed [nl] VHP 16 July 2020
Minister of Spatial Planning and Environment Silvano Tjong-Ahin [nl] NPS 16 July 2020
Minister of Transport, Communication & Tourism Albert Jubithana [nl] ABOP 16 July 2020
Minister of Welfare and Housing Hanif Ramsharan PL 16 July 2020

Legislative branch

The legislative branch of government consists of a 51-member unicameral National Assembly, simultaneously and popularly elected for a 5-year term.[12]

Political parties and elections

Suriname elects on national level a head of state - the president - and a legislature. The president is elected for a five-year term by an electoral college based on the parliament. The National Assembly (Nationale Assemblée) has 51 members, elected every five years by proportional representation per district.[12]

Suriname National Assembly 2020.svg
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Progressive Reform Party VHP 108,378 39.45 20 +11
National Democratic Party NDP 65,862 23.97 16 –10
National Party of Suriname NPS 32,394 11.79 3 +1
General Liberation and Development Party ABOP 24,956 9.08 8[a] +3
Pertjajah Luhur PL 16,623 6.05 2[a] –3
Reform and Renewal Movement HVB 7,423 2.70 0 New
Brotherhood and Unity in Politics BEP 6,835 2.49 2 0
Alternative 2020 A20 4,501 1.64 0 New
Party for Democracy and Development through Unity DOE 2,375 0.86 0 –1
Party for Law and Development–Amazon Party PRO/APS 1,593 0.58 0 0
Surinamese Labour Party SPA 922 0.34 0 0
Progressive Workers' and Farmers' Union PALU 820 0.30 0 –1
STREI! STREI 700 0.25 0 New
Democratic Alternative '91 DA'91 659 0.25 0 0
People's Party for Renewal and Democracy VVD 349 0.13 0 0
Social Democratic Union SDU 254 0.09 0 New
The New Wind DNW 70 0.03 0 New
Invalid/blank votes
Total 274,714 100 51 0
Registered voters/turnout 383,333
Source: Centraal Hoofdstembureau[13][14][15]

Judicial branch

The judiciary is headed by the Court of Justice (Supreme Court). This court supervises the magistrate courts. Members are appointed for life by the president in consultation with the National Assembly, the State Advisory Council, and the National Order of Private Attorneys.[3]

A Constitutional Court was established in 2019.[16]

Administrative divisions

The country is divided into 10 administrative districts, each headed by a District Commissioner appointed by the president. The commissioner serves at the president's pleasure. The 10 districts (distrikten, singular - distrikt) are ; Brokopondo, Commewijne, Coronie, Marowijne, Nickerie, Para, Paramaribo, Saramacca, Sipaliwini, Wanica.[17]

The districts including Paramaribo are further subdivided into resorts. There are 63 resorts in Suriname.[17][18]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b ABOP member Miquella Soemar-Huur was elected as lijstduwer on PL's list in Wanica, and is included in PL's seat total.

References

  1. ^ "Het werk van DNA". National Assembly of Suriname (in Dutch). Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  2. ^ "Grondwet van de Republiek Suriname - Article 70". Suriname.nu (in Dutch). Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Grondwet van de Republiek Suriname Article 133". Suriname.nu (in Dutch). Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  4. ^ "De Verenigde Volksvergadering". National Assembly (in Dutch). Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  5. ^ Constitution of Suriname, 1987 with reforms of 1992. See Article 83
  6. ^ "Grondwet van de Republiek Suriname Article 113". Suriname.nu (in Dutch). Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  7. ^ "Staatsraad". Suriname.nu (in Dutch). Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  8. ^ a b "Wet Staatsraad". National Assembly of Suriname (in Dutch). Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  9. ^ "Dit zijn de ministers in het nieuwe regeerteam van Suriname". Waterkant (in Dutch). Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  10. ^ "Het nieuwe regeerteam dat donderdag aantreedt". Star Nieuws (in Dutch). Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  11. ^ "Minister Pokie warm onthaald op Grond- en Bosbeheer". Waterkant (in Dutch). Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  12. ^ a b "Grondwet van de Republiek Suriname Article 55". Suriname.nu (in Dutch). Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  13. ^ "Openbare zitting CHS: Geen verandering DNA-zetels". StarNieuws (in Dutch). 16 June 2020. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  14. ^ Uitslag verkiezingen 25 mei 2020
  15. ^ CENTRAAL HOOFDSTEMBUREAU
  16. ^ "WET van 4 oktober 2019, ter uitvoering van artikel 144 lid 4 van de Grondwet van de Republiek Suriname. (Wet Constitutioneel Hof)". dna.sr. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  17. ^ a b "Brochure Bestuurlijke Indeling" (PDF). Gov.sr via Archive.org (in Dutch). Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  18. ^ "District Sipaliwini 1" (in Dutch). Retrieved 2 July 2020. Pamacca is not in the (old) brochure, and there is one more resort as of 2019.