Politics of Calabria

Independent politician Democratic Party (Italy) Forza Italia (2013)

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Calabria

The Politics of Calabria, Italy takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democracy, whereby the President of Regional Government is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the Regional Government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Regional Council.

Executive branch

The Regional Government (Giunta Regionale) is presided by the President of the Region (Presidente della Regione), who is elected for a five-year term, and is composed by the President and the Ministers (Assessori), who are currently 11, including a Vice President (Vice Presidente).[1]

List of Presidents

Legislative branch

The Regional Council of Calabria (Consiglio Regionale della Calabria) is composed of 50 members. 40 councillors are elected in provincial constituencies by proportional representation using the largest remainder method with a Droop quota and open lists, while 10 councillors (elected in bloc) come from a "regional list", including the President-elect. One seat is reserved for the candidate who comes second. If a coalition wins more than 50% of the total seats in the Council with PR, only 5 candidates from the regional list will be chosen and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 45. If the winning coalition receives less than 40% of votes, special seats are added to the Council to ensure a large majority for the President's coalition. Parties obtaining less than 4% receive no seats, no matter if they are in coalition with larger parties or not.[2]

The Council is elected for a five-year term, but, if the President suffers a vote of no confidence, resigns or dies, under the simul stabunt, simul cadent clause introduced in 1999 (literally they will stand together or they will fall together), also the Council is dissolved and a snap election is called.[3]

Local government

Provinces

Municipalities

Calabria is also divided in 404 comuni (municipalities), which have even more history, having been established in the Middle Ages when they were the main places of government.

Provincial capitals

Municipality Inhabitants Mayor Party Election
Catanzaro 89,364 Sergio Abramo Forza Italia 2017
Cosenza 69,484 Mario Occhiuto Independent (centre-right) 2016
Crotone 58,881 Ugo Pugliese Union of the Centre 2016
Reggio Calabria 180,817 Giuseppe Falcomatà Democratic Party 2014
Vibo Valentia 33,357 Maria Limardo Forza Italia 2019

Other municipalities with more than 20,000 inhabitants

Municipality Inhabitants Mayor Party Election
Corigliano-Rossano 74,848 Flavio Stasi Independent (centre-left) 2019
Lamezia Terme 70,336 Paolo Mascaro Independent (centre-right) 2015
Rende 33,555 Marcello Manna Civic List 2019
Castrovillari 22,515 Domenico Lo Polito Independent (centre-left) 2015
Acri 21,458 Pino Capalbo Democratic Party 2017
Gioia Tauro 20,089 Aldo Alessio Independent (centre-left) 2019

Parties and elections

Latest regional election

In the latest regional election, which took place on 26 January 2020, Jole Santelli of Forza Italia was elected president by a landslide, after that in the previous election in 2014 the Democratic Party had won by a landslide.

26 January 2020 Calabrian regional election results
2020 Calabrian Regional Council.svg
Candidates Votes % Seats Parties Votes % Seats
Jole Santelli 449,705 55.29 1 Forza Italia 96,067 12.34 5
League 95,400 12.25 4
Brothers of Italy 84,507 10.85 4
Jole Santelli for President 65,816 8.45 2
Union of the Centre 53,250 6.84 2
House of Freedoms 49,778 6.39 2
Total 444,818 57.13 19
Filippo Callipo 245,154 30.14 1 Democratic Party 118,249 15.19 5
I Stay in Calabria 61,699 7.92 3
Progressive Democrats 47,650 6.12 2
Total 227,598 29.23 10
Francesco Aiello 59,796 7.35 Five Star Movement 48,784 6.27
Civic Calabria 8,544 1.10
Total 57,328 7.36
Carlo Tansi 58,700 7.22 Treasure Calabria 40,299 5.18
Free Calabria 5,329 0.68
Clean Calabria 3,230 0.41
Total 48,858 6.28
Blank and invalid votes 27,208 3.24
Total candidates 840,563 100.00 2 Total parties 778,602 100.00 29
Registered voters/turnout 1,895,990 44.33
Source: Ministry of the Interior – Election in Calabria

References

  1. ^ "Regione Calabria - Giunta". Archived from the original on 22 March 2010. Retrieved 9 June 2008.
  2. ^ La Repubblica – Regional electoral law
  3. ^ "Regional Council of Lombardy – 1999 Constitutional law" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 March 2009. Retrieved 6 March 2009.