Pietro Ingrao

Giuseppe Zanardelli Nilde Iotti Urbano Rattazzi
Pietro Ingrao
President of the Chamber of Deputies
In office
5 June 1976 – 19 July 1979
Preceded bySandro Pertini
Succeeded byNilde Iotti
Member of the Chamber of Deputies
In office
27 September 1950 – 22 April 1992
Personal details
Born(1915-03-30)30 March 1915
Lenola, Italy
Died27 September 2015(2015-09-27) (aged 100)
Rome, Italy
Political partyItalian Communist Party
Spouse(s)Laura Lombardo Radice
Children5 (Chiara, Renata, Bruna, Celeste, Guido)
Alma materSapienza University of Rome

Pietro Ingrao (30 March 1915 – 27 September 2015) was an Italian politician, journalist who participated in the resistance movement. For many years he was a senior figure in the Italian Communist Party (PCI).[1][2]

Political career

Ingrao was born at Lenola, in the province of Latina.

As a student he was a member of GUF (Gruppo Universitario Fascista) and won a "Littoriale" of culture and art.

Ingrao joined the PCI in 1940 and took part in the anti-fascist resistance during World War II. After the war, he led the Marxist-Leninist tendency in the party, representing its left wing. This led him to frequent political differences with Giorgio Amendola, leader of the social democratic tendency.

Ingrao was a Member of Parliament continuously from 1950 to 1992. In 1947–1957, he was editor-in-chief of the party newspaper, L'Unità. He was the first Communist to become President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies, a position he held from 1976 to 1979.

After PCI's then-secretary Achille Occhetto, in what was called the Svolta della Bolognina, decided to change the party's name, Ingrao become his main internal opponent.[3] In the PCI's 20th Congress of 1991, he joined the reformist majority in its successor, the Democratic Party of the Left (PDS), but soon left the group. After the European elections of 2004, he abandoned PDS and adhered (as an independent) to the more hardline successor to the old PCI, the Communist Refoundation Party.

He has written a number of poems and political essays. His most important work is Appuntamenti di fine secolo ("Rendez-vous at the end of the century"), published in 1995 in collaboration with Rossana Rossanda.

Ingrao was an atheist.[4] He married Laura Lombardo Radice [it], who died in 2003.[5] Ingrao died on September 27, 2015 at the age of 100.[6][2]


  1. ^ Ajello, At (September 14, 2004). "Pietro Ingrao "I miei errori"". La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 2 June 2012.
  2. ^ a b Donald Sassoon. "Pietro Ingrao obituary". the Guardian.
  3. ^ Telese, Luca (2009). Qualcuno era comunista. Sperling & Kupfer.
  4. ^ Quinzio, Sergio. "Ingrao convertito. anzi no". Il Corriere della Sera. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
  5. ^ "Muore Laura Lombardo Radice, partigiana e moglie di Ingrao". Il Messaggero (in Italian). 23 March 2003. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  6. ^ Addio a Pietro Ingrao, morto a Roma lo storico dirigente del Pci, La Repubblica, 27 September 2015.