Cave of Pëllumbas

IUCN protected area categories Dajti National Park Ministry of Environment (Albania)
Cave of Pëllumbas
Shpella e zeze - Pellumbas.jpg
Cave of Pëllumbas
LocationTirana County
Nearest cityTirana
Coordinates41°15′24″N 19°57′53″E / 41.25667°N 19.96472°E / 41.25667; 19.96472Coordinates: 41°15′24″N 19°57′53″E / 41.25667°N 19.96472°E / 41.25667; 19.96472
DesignationNatural Monument
Governing bodyMinistry of Environment

The Cave of Pëllumbas (Albanian: Shpella e Pëllumbasit or Shpella e Zezë) is a karst cave in central Albania, located in the Skorana Gorge close to the village of Pëllumbas in Tirana County.[1] It lies about 500 m (1,600 ft) above the Adriatic, on the slopes of Dajti, a mountain chain that rises to an elevation of 1,613 m (5,292 ft).[2] The cave is one of among six karstic caves that exist in Europe.[3]

The cave has a length of 360 m (1,180 ft) with a width which can vary between 10–15 m (33–49 ft) and a vertical range of 45 m (148 ft).[1] Despite its small size it is regarded as one of the country's most beautiful caves and attracts numerous visitors. The cave is situated within the boundaries of Dajti National Park and has been recognised as a natural monument of national and international importance by the Ministry of Environment.[4] The importance of the complex is due to the remains of ancient human culture which belongs to the Paleolithic. The cave was inhabited by the extinct cave bear, which lived between 10,000 and 400,000 years ago.[5][6]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Qendra Rajonale e Mjedisit Shqipëri. "Parku Kombëtar i Dajtit" (PDF). documents.rec.org (in Albanian). Tirana. p. 8.
  2. ^ "Shpella e Zezë". akzm.gov.al (in Albanian). Archived from the original on 2017-10-27. Retrieved 2017-10-26.
  3. ^ "Pellumbas Park - The Black Cave" (PDF). tirana.al. p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-10-27. Retrieved 2017-10-26.
  4. ^ "Rrethi i Tiranes" (PDF). iimk.gov.al (in Albanian). p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-06-29. Retrieved 2017-10-26.
  5. ^ "Natural and anthropogenic hazards in karst areas of Albania" (PDF). nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net. p. 9.
  6. ^ "Community Based Tourism at Pellumbas Village, Albania" (PDF). web.wpi.edu. p. 4.