Paolo Savona

Italian Minister of European Affairs Giuseppe Conte Enzo Moavero Milanesi
Paolo Savona
Paolo Savona 2018 (cropped).jpg
President of CONSOB
Assumed office
20 March 2019
Preceded byMario Nava
Minister of European Affairs
In office
1 June 2018 – 8 March 2019
Prime MinisterGiuseppe Conte
Preceded byEnzo Moavero Milanesi
Succeeded byLorenzo Fontana
Minister of Industry, Commerce and Craftmanship
In office
28 April 1993 – 19 April 1994
Prime MinisterCarlo Azeglio Ciampi
Preceded byGiuseppe Guarino
Succeeded byPaolo Baratta
Personal details
Born (1936-10-06) 6 October 1936 (age 83)
Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy
Political partyRepublican Party (1970s–90s)
Independent
Alma materUniversity of Cagliari

Paolo Savona (born 6 October 1936, Cagliari, Sardinia) is an Italian economist, professor[1][2] and politician. He was Italian Minister of European Affairs from 1 June 2018 until 8 March 2019, his second stint in government after 1993–1994.

Institutional career

After obtaining a degree in economics from the University of Cagliari in 1961, his career started at the Servizio Studi (internal research service) of the Bank of Italy. In that context, he worked together with Guido Carli (Governor, 1960–1975) and Paolo Baffi (Governor, 1975–1979), he attended classes at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), where he came to work with Franco Modigliani.[3][4] Together with Michele Fratianni, he studied international money creation. He also specialised at the Federal Reserve Board of Governors in Washington, D.C. In 1976, Carli became the President of General Confederation of Italian Industry (Confindustria) and asked Savona to follow him as Director-General, a post that he kept until 1980.

In the following years, he became President of Credito Industriale Sardo (1980–1989), Secretary-General for Economic Planning at the Ministry of Budget (1980–1982), Chief Executive Officer and then Managing Director of Banca Nazionale del Lavoro (1989–1990), President of the Fondo Interbancario di Tutela dei Depositi (1990–1999), Impregilo, Gemina, Aeroporti di Roma and Consorzio Venezia Nuova (2000–2010). After having been vice president of Capitalia,[5] at the moment of the merging with UniCredit, he was named president of Banca di Roma. Between 2000 and 2010, he was also a Board Member of RCS MediaGroup and Telecom Italia. Politically, Savona was inspired by Ugo La Malfa and thus involved in the Italian Republican Party (PRI), where he was close to Giorgio La Malfa, until the early 1990s.[6][7][8][9]

Savona served as Minister of Industry, Commerce and Craftmanship in the government led by Carlo Azeglio Ciampi (1993–1994), as Head of the Department for EU Policies of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers during the Silvio Berlusconi's third cabinet (2005–2006),[10] under Minister Giorgio La Malfa, and, consequently, Coordinator of the Technical Committee for the Lisbon Strategy, which prepared the draft of the Italian plan for Growth and Occupation, presented to the European Commission in October 2005. In 2010, he was appointed President of Fondo Interbancario di Tutela dei Depositi for the second time and served as the Chairman of the Fintech startup Euklid Ltd until 2018.[11]

Savona also had several public offices in Italy and abroad, among which: member of the OECD Committee for the standardisation of financial statistics, and of the BIS Standing Committee on Eurodollars; President of the Technical-Scientific Council for Economic Planning, and of the Commission on Nuclear Power in Italy.

In May 2018, the Five Star Movement and the League proposed Savona for the role of Minister of Economy and Finances. President Sergio Mattarella opposed his appointment, considering his outspoken support for Italy's covert exit from the Euro an overwhelming risk for the country's economy.[12][13] The two parties refused to replace Savona with any other candidate, forcing appointed Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte to give up on his task of forming a government. However, it was later agreed that Savona would serve as Minister of European Affairs after both parties agreed to reinstate Conte as their choice for Prime Minister and instead nominate economics professor Giovanni Tria, an associate of Savona, as Minister of Economy and Finances.[14][15][16] Savona frequently denied being a Eurosceptic.[17][18]

Savona left his post as Minister of European Affairs on March 8 2019, in order to become President of the Italian Companies and Exchange Commission, the government authority responsible for regulating the Italian securities market.[19]

Academic career

Savona was the academic dean of the Faculty of Political Science and International Relations, and director of the PhD in Geopolitics and Economic Geopolitics of the e-University Guglielmo Marconi, of Rome. He served also as Professor emeritus of Economic Politics at the LUISS "Guido Carli" University.

He founded and directed with Michele Fratianni the Open Economies Review, and he is at present the Scientific Editor of the following journals: Economia Italiana, Journal of European Economic History and Review of Economic Conditions in Italy.

He taught in the universities of Perugia and Rome Tor Vergata, and at Public Administration Superior School.

His favourite research topics are the international monetary system, the effects of the growth of the derivatives market on the efficacy of the economic policy, and the gaps in productivity between the centre-north of Italy and its south. He is the author and joint author of several papers and books on the problems of the real, monetary and financial economy, and on methodological issues. Among his research, great relevance is attributed to the first econometric model of Italian economy M1BI, the first analyses on the international monetary base and Eurodollar, and on the macroeconomic effects of derivative contracts, which have all anticipated in a systematic way the happening of the dramatic events experienced by the Italian and international economy in the last forty years.[citation needed]

Awards

Savona won the prize awarded by Associazione per il Progresso Economico in 1976, the Premio Capalbio 1998 in economy, the Premio IDI 1999 for the small and middle enterprise, the Premio Pisa 1999 for essay writing with the book Che cos'e' l'economia, the Premio Speciale 2000 for the sector 'Economy' as part of Premi della Cultura awarded by the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, the Premio 2008 in International economy awarded by Camera di Commercio di Genova, the Premio Scanno 2009 in economy, the VII Premio Donato Menichella 2009 for socio-economic studies, and the Premio Fata Morgana 2010 in economy and finance. He is Chinese Eisenhower Fellow of Taiwan and Jemolo Fellow at Nuffield College, Oxford University.

Works by Paolo Savona

References

  1. ^ CV Paolo Savona Archived 2015-11-24 at the Wayback Machine, Fitd.it
  2. ^ Paolo Savona, autore a Formiche.net
  3. ^ "Ritratto del ministro Paolo Savona, economista fine e illuminato". Formiche.net. July 31, 2018.
  4. ^ "Dalla collaborazione con Modigliani alla guida del ministero dell'Industria - Regione". la Nuova Sardegna. April 29, 2017.
  5. ^ "2006 Bilancio" (PDF). Capitalia (in Italian). Borsa Italiana archive. 30 March 2007. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  6. ^ "PAOLO SAVONA IL TECNICO CRESCIUTO ALLA 'SCUOLA' DI GUIDO CARLI - la Repubblica.it". Archivio - la Repubblica.it.
  7. ^ "SAVONA, UN MINISTRO PER TUTTE LE LITI - la Repubblica.it". Archivio - la Repubblica.it.
  8. ^ "Paolo Savona un "sovversivo"? Ma va..." Contropiano. May 25, 2018.
  9. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-10-11. Retrieved 2018-10-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ Zapperi, Cesare (24 May 2018). "Governo, Berlusconi: "Giustizialista" Renzi d'accordo: "Ora sono loro la casa"".
  11. ^ "Savona: "Ecco perché ho lasciato Euklid Ltd"".
  12. ^ "Il sito ufficiale della Presidenza della Repubblica". Quirinale (in Italian). Segretariato generale della Presidenza della Repubblica–Servizio sistemi informatici– reparto.
  13. ^ "Governo, il giorno della rinuncia di Conte. Ecco come è fallita la trattativa su Savona". Repubblica (in Italian). 27 May 2018.
  14. ^ [1][dead link]
  15. ^ "Economics professor Tria possible Italy economy minister: sources". Reuters. May 31, 2018 – via www.reuters.com.
  16. ^ "Are you a robot?". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2019-07-16.
  17. ^ "No action agst euro - Savona tells MEPs - English". ANSA.it. October 3, 2018.
  18. ^ "Il ministro Savona e la polemica con il giornalista: "Io euroscettico? Piuttosto mi dia dell'idiota" - QuotidianoNet" – via www.quotidiano.net.
  19. ^ "Italy hands eurosceptic League minister the EU portfolio". Reuters. 10 July 2019.
  20. ^ "Yearly review" (PDF). www.laweconomicsyearlyreview.org.uk. 2013. Retrieved 2019-07-16.