Palasë

Greeks in Albania Himara Dhërmi
Palasë

Παλάσα/Palasa
Palasë.jpg
Palasë is located in Albania
Palasë
Palasë
Coordinates: 40°9′54″N 19°37′29″E / 40.16500°N 19.62472°E / 40.16500; 19.62472Coordinates: 40°9′54″N 19°37′29″E / 40.16500°N 19.62472°E / 40.16500; 19.62472
Country Albania
CountyVlorë
MunicipalityHimarë
Municipal unitHimarë
Population
 • Total413
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)

Palasë (definite Albanian form: Palasa; Albanian pronunciation: [paˈlasə] or [paˈlasa]; Greek: Παλάσα, Palasa) also Paljasa,[1] is a village close to the Llogara National Park, on the Albanian Riviera. It is located in the municipality of Himarë (13 kilometres from the town), in Vlorë County, Albania.[2] The inhabitants of Palasë speak mainly a variant of the Himariote Greek dialect, and partly the Tosk Albanian dialect.[3]

History

In classical antiquity Roman writer Lucan recorded a town named Palaeste on the Ceraunian Mountains, that he described as "between Illyria and Epirus",[4][5][6][7] which corresponds to the site area of modern day Palasë.[8] It was in Palaeste, on the Ceraunian Mountains, that Julius Caesar landed from Brundusium, in order to carry on the war against Pompey.[4]

In 1720, the villages of Himara, Palasa, Ilias, Vuno, Pilur and Qeparo refused to submit to the Pasha of Delvina.[9]

Until the 1750s Himarë was composed of more than 50 villages,[10] but by the end of the 1780s it comprised only 16, situated by the seashore from Saranda to Palasë.[11] Later on, with Ali Pasha's defeat, the region of Himara shrunk to only seven villages. In September 1916, the provinces of Himarë and Tepelenë became part of the Vlorë prefecture and were placed under the control of the Italian armed forces. The city of Himarë became the official capital of the region and was responsible for the administration of the traditionally Orthodox coastal villages of Palasë, Dhërmi, Kudhës, Qeparo, Vuno and Iljas.[12] However each village retained its own identity, despite falling under the municipality of Himarë.

Geography

The village is located several kilometres northwest of the town of Dhërmi, and is accessed via the main road leading out of the town. The Llogara Pass and Çika Mountain are nearby. The Thunderbolt Mountains, the western chain of the Ceraunian Mountains, enclose the area on its northern and northeastern side. The area opens up on its southwestern side with the mountain of Çika and descends towards the Ionian coast, with the Greek Islands of Othonas and Corfu in the distance.

Coastline. The village can be seen to the left of the picture. Further onwards to the right is Dhërmi

The village contains narrow stone roads and quaint white houses and is built around a 400-year-old platanus (plane tree), which is central to village life and the pride of the village. Geologically the terrain belongs to the western part of the Ionian Tectonic plate.[13] This section of the coastline is referred to by geologists as the Palasë-Butrint coastline. Palasë's beach is 1.5 kilometres in length.[14]

North of Palasë, is located a small bay, named Grammata ('letters' in Greek), accessible only by sea, with the surrounding cliffs containing various epigraphs, texts and symbols, perhaps carved out by sailors.[15]

Language

The inhabitants of Palasë are bilingual as they mainly speak a variant of the Himariote Greek dialect, and partly the Tosk Albanian dialect.[3]

Saint Demetrius Church in Palasë

Notable people

Movies

The 1987 film The Waxed Shirts (albanian: Këmishët me dyllë) was filmed in Palasë.[16]

See also

References

  1. ^ A Gazetteer of Albania (1946), Permanent Committee on Geographical Names for British Official Use, House of the Royal Geographical Society
  2. ^ Law nr. 115/2014 Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b Gregorič, Nataša. "Storytelling as a spatial practice in Dhërmi/Drimades of southern Albania" (PDF). Anthropological Notebooks. 2 (14): 5. 1408-032X. Retrieved 2009-11-28. They primarily use the Greek dialect and partly the southern Albanian (Tosk) one in their day to day conversations.
  4. ^ a b Lucan, Phars. 5.460: "caelo languente fretoque naufragii spes omnis abit. sed nocte fugata laesum nube dies iubar extulit imaque sensim concussit pelagi mouitque Ceraunia nautis. inde rapi coepere rates atque aequora classem curua sequi, quae iam uento fluctuque secundo lapsa Palaestinas uncis confixit harenas. prima duces iunctis uidit consistere castris tellus, quam uolucer Genusus, quam mollior Hapsus circumeunt ripis."
  5. ^ de Ligt, Luuk (2008). "An Eteocretan inscription from Praisos and the Homeland of the Sea Peoples". Talanta (XL–XLI): 153. In classical times Palaiste was a small town on the South-Illyrian coast, while Pliny’s list of peoples inhabiting the more northerly parts of Roman Illyricum include the Siculi and the Sardeates (Lehmann 1985, 42-49).
  6. ^ Hencken, Hugh (1968). Tarquinia, Villanovans, and Early Etruscans, Volume 1. Bulletin (American School of Prehistoric Research), American School of Prehistoric Research and Harvard University, Peabody Museum, American School of Prehistoric Research. Bulletin. 23. Peabody Museum. p. 649. Furthermore, there was a place named Palaiste, considered to be Illyrian, and located near the border of Illyria and Epirus...
  7. ^ Wylle, Graham (1992). "The Road to Pharsalus". Latomus. 51 (3): 560. ISSN 0023-8856. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  8. ^ Sakellariou M.V. (1997). Epirus, 4000 years of Greek history and civilization. Ekdotikē Athēnōn. p. 20. ISBN 978-960-213-371-2. The sea-ward face of the Akrokeraunian range, from Hagios Basileios northwards, to Palasa, the ancient Palaiste...
  9. ^ Etnografia shqiptare. 15. Akademia e Shkencave e RPSH, Instituti i Historisë, Sektori i Etnografisë. 1987. p. 199.
  10. ^ Bulletin of Social Sciences (Albanian: Buletin për Shkencat Shoqërore, II, Tiranë, 1955, p. 159: part of the Letter sent from the people of Himara to the Tzarine Elizabeta Petrovna
  11. ^ Studime historike (1964). "Dokumente: Kapiteni Dedoviç, Vjenë, më 30 korrik 1787. (English: Documents: Captain Dedowitch, Vienna, July 30th, 1787)". Studime historike (English: Historical Studies) (in Albanian) (4).
  12. ^ Murzaku, Ines Angeli (2009). Returning Home to Rome - The Basilian Monks of Grottaferrata in Albania, Volume 7. Analekta Kryptoferri. p. 112. ISBN 88-89345-04-7.
  13. ^ Marinos, Paul G. (June 1997). Volume 2 of Engineering Geology and the Environment, International Association of Engineering Geology. Taylor & Francis, organized by the Greek National Group of IAEG, Athens, Greece. p. 1311. ISBN 90-5410-879-7.
  14. ^ "Destination Guide". Tourism in Albania. Archived from the original on December 11, 2009. Retrieved August 26, 2010.
  15. ^ Tourist Guide of Himara. Bashkia e Himares, p. 33.
  16. ^ [1]. National Center of Cinematography