Overseas collectivity

Overseas department and region Overseas France New Caledonia

The French overseas collectivities (French: collectivité d'outre-mer or COM), like the French regions, are first-order administrative divisions of France, but have a semi-autonomous status. The COMs include some former French overseas colonies and other French overseas entities with a particular status, all of which became COMs by constitutional reform on 28 March 2003. The COMs should not be confused with the overseas regions and overseas departments, which have the same status as mainland France but are just located outside Europe. As integral parts of France, overseas collectivities are represented in the National Assembly, Senate and Economic and Social Council and can vote to elect members of the European Parliament (MEPs). The Pacific COMs use the CFP franc, a currency pegged to the euro, whereas the Atlantic COMs use the euro directly. As of 31 March 2011, there were five COMs:

Former COMs and overseas territories

Overseas collectivity and territory Capital
 French Polynesia Papeete
New Caledonia Nouméa
 Saint Barthélemy Gustavia
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon St. Pierre
 Wallis and Futuna Mata-Utu

See also


  1. ^ Benoît Hopquin (31 March 2011). "Mayotte accède à son statut de département dans la confusion". Le Monde. Retrieved 31 March 2011.