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Otto Christian Archibald von Bismarck

Erich Mende Eugen Gerstenmaier Erich Ollenhauer
Otto Christian Archibald
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-05748, Berlin, Trauung des Fürsten Otto von Bismarck.jpg
The wedding of the Prince of Bismarck and Ann-Mari Tengbom, in the Berliner Dom, 1928. President Paul von Hindenburg, members of the cabinet and representatives of the Swedish embassy were present. Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck is visible in the lower left corner.
Prince of Bismarck
Tenure18 September 1904 – 24 December 1975
PredecessorHerbert, Prince of Bismarck
SuccessorFerdinand, Prince of Bismarck
Born(1897-09-25)25 September 1897
Schönhausen, Saxony-Anhalt, German Empire
Died24 December 1975(1975-12-24) (aged 78)
Friedrichsruh, Schleswig-Holstein, West Germany
Burial
Friedrichsruh
SpouseAnn-Mari Tengbom
IssueCountess Mari Ann von Bismarck
Ferdinand, Prince of Bismarck
Count Maximilian von Bismarck-Schönhausen
Countess Gunilla von Bismarck-Schönhausen
Count Leopold von Bismarck-Schönhausen
Full name
Otto Christian Archibald Fürst von Bismarck
HouseHouse of Bismarck
FatherHerbert von Bismarck
MotherMarguerite, Countess of Hoyos
Otto Christian Archibald von Bismarck
Member of the Bundestag
In office
6 October 1953 – 17 October 1965
Styles of
The Prince of Bismarck
Bismarck-Wappen.png
Reference styleHis Serene Highness
Spoken styleYour Serene Highness
Alternative styleSir

Otto Christian Archibald, Prince of Bismarck (25 September 1897 in Schönhausen, Brandenburg – 24 December 1975), was a German politician and diplomat, and the Prince of Bismarck from 1904 to his death. He was a prominent member of the Nazi party 1933 - 1945.

Early life and diplomatic career

He was the eldest of the three sons of Herbert von Bismarck, as well as the grandson of the German chancellor Otto von Bismarck and elder brother of Gottfried Graf von Bismarck-Schönhausen. A lawyer, he became the owner of the family estate in Schönhausen and joined the diplomatic service in 1927, serving in Stockholm (1927–28), London (1928–37), with the Foreign Ministry in Berlin (1937–40), as Envoy to Rome (Kingdom of Italy) (1940–43), and finally as head of the Italian section of the Foreign Ministry (1943–44).

In August 1942, Bismarck was directed to request that Italy turn over Jewish refugees in Italian-occupied Croatia for deportation to the East. He disclosed to the Italian Foreign Minister Count Ciano[1] that the goal was the "dispersion and elimination" of these Jews.[2]

Politics

He was a member of the DNVP (the conservative party) in the Weimar Republic, and served as a Member of Parliament from 1924 to 1928. In 1933 he joined the Nazi Party, which he represented in the Reichstag until the very end of the Second World War in 1945. The Reichstag wielded no real influence but was an important part of the propaganda apparatus of the Third Reich and by joining he allowed the regime to use the most prestigious name in Germany to increase its credibility. In 1935 he became a member of the Anglo-German Fellowship. In the 1950s he considered becoming a member of the FDP (the liberal party), which offered him a nomination for Parliament, but eventually joined the conservative CDU instead. He served as a Member of Parliament for the constituency of Herzogtum Lauenburg (Duchy of Lauenburg, his grandfather held the title Duke of Lauenburg) from 1953 to 1965, and as a member of the foreign affairs committee. He was also a member of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, and served as its Vice President from 1959 to 1960 and from 1961 to 1966.[3] He was also chairman of the Deutsche Parlamentarische Gesellschaft from 1957 to 1961. He received the Great Cross of Merit in 1965.

Personal life

Bismarck married Ann-Mari Tengbom (1907–1999), a native of Sweden, daughter of Ivar Tengbom, on 18 April 1928, and they had six children:

His grandson Carl-Eduard von Bismarck served as a Member of Parliament, representing the CDU for the constituency Herzogtum Lauenburg, from 2005 to 2007.

References

  1. ^ Esther Gitman, 'When Courage Prevailed: The Rescue and Survival of Jews in the Independent State of Croatia 1941-1945' (Paragon House, Kindle Location 2782, 2011-09-27)
  2. ^ Susan Zuccotti, Under His Very Windows: The Vatican and the Holocaust in Italy (2000), p. 116
  3. ^ "Die Mitglieder des Deutschen Bundestages - 1.-13. Wahlperiode: Alphabetisches Gesamtverzeichnis; Stand: 28. Februar 1998" [The members of the German Bundestag - 1st - 13th term of office: Alphabetical complete index] (PDF). webarchiv.bundestag.de (in German). Deutscher Bundestag, Wissenschaftliche Dienste des Bundestages (WD 3/ZI 5). 1998-02-28. Retrieved 2020-05-21.