Otto Christian Archibald von Bismarck
|Otto Christian Archibald|
|Prince of Bismarck|
|Tenure||18 September 1904 – 24 December 1975|
|Predecessor||Herbert, Prince of Bismarck|
|Successor||Ferdinand, Prince of Bismarck|
|Born||25 September 1897|
Schönhausen, Saxony-Anhalt, German Empire
|Died||24 December 1975 (aged 78)|
Friedrichsruh, Schleswig-Holstein, West Germany
|Issue||Countess Mari Ann von Bismarck|
Ferdinand, Prince of Bismarck
Count Maximilian von Bismarck-Schönhausen
Countess Gunilla von Bismarck-Schönhausen
Count Leopold von Bismarck-Schönhausen
|House||House of Bismarck|
|Father||Herbert von Bismarck|
|Mother||Marguerite, Countess of Hoyos|
Otto Christian Archibald von Bismarck
|Member of the Bundestag|
6 October 1953 – 17 October 1965
The Prince of Bismarck
|Reference style||His Serene Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Serene Highness|
Otto Christian Archibald, Prince of Bismarck (25 September 1897 in Schönhausen, Brandenburg – 24 December 1975), was a German politician and diplomat, and the Prince of Bismarck from 1904 to his death. He was a prominent member of the Nazi party 1933 - 1945.
Early life and diplomatic career
He was the eldest of the three sons of Herbert von Bismarck, as well as the grandson of the German chancellor Otto von Bismarck and elder brother of Gottfried Graf von Bismarck-Schönhausen. A lawyer, he became the owner of the family estate in Schönhausen and joined the diplomatic service in 1927, serving in Stockholm (1927–28), London (1928–37), with the Foreign Ministry in Berlin (1937–40), as Envoy to Rome (Kingdom of Italy) (1940–43), and finally as head of the Italian section of the Foreign Ministry (1943–44).
In August 1942, Bismarck was directed to request that Italy turn over Jewish refugees in Italian-occupied Croatia for deportation to the East. He disclosed to the Italian Foreign Minister Count Ciano that the goal was the "dispersion and elimination" of these Jews.
He was a member of the DNVP (the conservative party) in the Weimar Republic, and served as a Member of Parliament from 1924 to 1928. In 1933 he joined the Nazi Party, which he represented in the Reichstag until the very end of the Second World War in 1945. The Reichstag wielded no real influence but was an important part of the propaganda apparatus of the Third Reich and by joining he allowed the regime to use the most prestigious name in Germany to increase its credibility. In 1935 he became a member of the Anglo-German Fellowship. In the 1950s he considered becoming a member of the FDP (the liberal party), which offered him a nomination for Parliament, but eventually joined the conservative CDU instead. He served as a Member of Parliament for the constituency of Herzogtum Lauenburg (Duchy of Lauenburg, his grandfather held the title Duke of Lauenburg) from 1953 to 1965, and as a member of the foreign affairs committee. He was also a member of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, and served as its Vice President from 1959 to 1960 and from 1961 to 1966. He was also chairman of the Deutsche Parlamentarische Gesellschaft from 1957 to 1961. He received the Great Cross of Merit in 1965.
- Mari Ann (1929-1981).
- Ferdinand von Bismarck (1930-2019), late head of the princely House of Bismarck.
- Carl Alexander (1935-1992).
- Maximilian Viktor (born 1947).
- Gunilla Margaretha (born 1949), philanthropist.
- Eduard Leopold (born 1951).
- Esther Gitman, 'When Courage Prevailed: The Rescue and Survival of Jews in the Independent State of Croatia 1941-1945' (Paragon House, Kindle Location 2782, 2011-09-27)
- Susan Zuccotti, Under His Very Windows: The Vatican and the Holocaust in Italy (2000), p. 116
- "Die Mitglieder des Deutschen Bundestages - 1.-13. Wahlperiode: Alphabetisches Gesamtverzeichnis; Stand: 28. Februar 1998" [The members of the German Bundestag - 1st - 13th term of office: Alphabetical complete index] (PDF). webarchiv.bundestag.de (in German). Deutscher Bundestag, Wissenschaftliche Dienste des Bundestages (WD 3/ZI 5). 1998-02-28. Retrieved 2020-05-21.