Ottawa Police Service

Ottawa By-law Services Ottawa Transport Canada

Ottawa Police Service
Service de police d'Ottawa  (French)
OttawaPS.png
MottoCommunity Service Communautaire
Agency overview
Formed1995 (OPS), 1855 (original)
Annual budget$330 million (2018)
Jurisdictional structure
Legal jurisdictionCity of Ottawa
Operational structure
HeadquartersOttawa, Ontario
Sworn members1387
Unsworn members600
Elected officer responsible
  • Sylvia Jones, Minister of Community Safety and Correctional Services
Agency executive
Facilities
Stations5
Website
www.ottawapolice.ca

The Ottawa Police Service (OPS) (Service de police d'Ottawa in French) is a municipal police force in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. The OPS serves an area of 2,796 square kilometres and 943,243 people alongside a considerable number of other police forces.

History

The OPS' roots come from the formation of the "Bytown Association" in 1847.[1] In 1855 Roderick Ross was the first chief constable for the newly-formed City of Ottawa. Over time, neighbouring municipalities also formed their own police forces, including Eastview in 1913 (which became the Vanier Police in 1963) and Gloucester-Nepean in 1957 (in 1964, this service split into separate Nepean and Gloucester forces). As a precursor to future amalgamations, the Vanier Police were absorbed by the Ottawa Police in 1984.

In 1995, the Ottawa, Nepean and Gloucester police forces amalgamated to form the Ottawa-Carleton Regional Police Service. The service area of the new force was extended to those portions of Ottawa-Carleton that had previously been policed by the Ontario Provincial Police.

The service was given its current name in 2001, to reflect the amalgamation of Ottawa-Carleton's constituent municipalities into the new City of Ottawa.[2]

Over the course of Ottawa's history, the police forces have had 14 officers killed in the line of duty.[3]

Organization

The chief of police is Peter Sloly, formerly deputy chief of the Toronto Police Service. [4]

The rank structure consists of the following:

The rank of senior constable is no longer awarded, however the rank is still in effect until the last senior constable retires. To have become a senior constable, an officer had to have had ten years service and have successfully completed the sergeant's promotional exam.[5]

With very rare exceptions, all police officers receive their three-month police training and basic constables diplomas at the Ontario Police College, located in Aylmer, Ontario.

New police recruits are hired as 4th class constables, and without any training or discipline issues, can expect to reach the rank of 1st class constable within three years. A 1st class constable has a base salary pretax of approximately $96,000, not including overtime and off-duty court time. This pay rate is the norm compared to other police services found within Ontario and generally the Ottawa Police Service falls within the top five highest paid services in the province.

The OPS also maintains a Ceremonial Guard to attend the many community events and parades that occur in Ottawa as a representative of the police service,[6] and the Ottawa Police Service Pipe Band, which competes every season in the Ontario pipe band circuit, most notably finishing as Ontario Championship Supreme in grade 2 in 2012. [7]

Inter-agency relationships

Security services at Parliament Hill and the parliamentary district in Ottawa are handled by the Parliamentary Protective Service[8] (PPS) and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), not the OPS. The RCMP generally do not play a role in municipal police operations in Ottawa, however many of their Ottawa based members have received special constable status by OPS which grants them the same provincial enforcement powers as an OPS officer.

The Ontario Provincial Police patrol Ottawa's main provincial highways (Highway 416 and the Queensway).

The Canadian Forces deploy their own military police to patrol Department of National Defence property.

The OPS provides law enforcement services at Ottawa Macdonald-Cartier International Airport and is also authorized to act on behalf of Ottawa Macdonald-Cartier International Airport Authority to provide certain security services. Before the 1997 semi-privatization of Class 1 Canadian airports, these services were provided by the RCMP to Transport Canada.

In April 2007, the Ottawa Police Services Board granted special constable status to transit law enforcement officers employed by the City of Ottawa Transit Services (OC Transpo). OPS works in partnership with transit special constables who provide many front-line supplemental police services in cooperation with the Ottawa Police.

In the same way, some of the safety forces of Carleton University are sworn as special constables and hold limited police powers on campus grounds.

Operations

The OPS has five police stations and 19 community policing centres.[9]

Patrol operations

Criminal investigative services

Support services

Emergency operations

Ottawa Police Service Underwater Search and Recovery Unit at Britannia Yacht Club 2012

Corporate services

Executive services

Fleet

Ford Interceptor Utility Police Vehicle

The majority of marked patrol vehicles deployed by the Ottawa Police Service are Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptors, in 2012 the Ford Taurus was added to the fleet to become the new majority of the marked patrol vehicles. The Ford Tauruses deployed by the Ottawa Police Service have the police interceptor package and offer a choice of V-6s: a naturally aspirated 3.5-liter V-6 and an EcoBoost turbocharged 3.5-liter V-6. Both are promised to produce more power in police trim than their respective civilian forms of 265 hp for the unboosted motor and 365 for the twin-turbo EcoBoost. Some other marked vehicles are the Ford Explorer and Ford Expedition. The Ford Interceptor Utility, which is similar to the Ford Explorer, is primarily used for two-officer patrols while most of the Ford Expedition are equipped for and used by the tactical unit.

The OPS has one fixed wing aircraft, a Cessna 206[10] and various marine vehicles that patrol Ottawa waterways in the summer.

Harley Davidson police package motorcycle

The OPS use many different unmarked vehicles. While the most numerous is the Chevrolet Impala, the unmarked fleet also has vehicles from almost every make, most of which are not police package vehicles. Black Dodge Caravans and a few Smart Cars are included in the unmarked fleet.

In late 2007, OPS purchased a small group equipped with Ford's street appearance package, making the cars look more like civilian Crown Victorias. The vehicles are recognizable, however, by their police wheel covers and LED strips at the top of the front windshields and rear windows.

Lenco BearCat G3 rescue and tactical vehicle

In February 2012, OPS ordered a total of 58 Ford Police Interceptors based on the new Taurus platform to replace the discontinued Ford Crown Victoria variant. The total cost for the units came to $1,621,596. The new vehicles were deemed necessary to replace current vehicles over three years old or with 160,000 km use.[11] The requirement for replacement of marked general patrol vehicles in 2014 is projected to be a total of 37 vehicles (36 sedans and 1 utility). The 2014 replacement vehicles purchased under this request will actually be the 2015 model. The cost of 37 police package vehicles is estimated to be $1,016,601 including taxes. OPS vehicles that are at the end of their lifecycles are sent to public auction and the proceeds are used to help fund the vehicle replacement program.[12]

Replacement of marked general patrol vehicles[12]

Year Number of vehicles
2009 57
2010 40
2011 58
2012 58
2013 60
Proposed 2014 37

2007 Ottawa Police fleet:[13]

Vehicle Quantity
Ford Crown Victoria (patrol) 147
Ford Taurus 58 [11]
Chevrolet Impala 28
Other sedans 148
Vans 49
SUVs/trucks 38
Boats 5
Motorcycles 29
Snowmobiles 4
ATVs 4
Trailers 16
Specialty vehicles 6
Prisoner transport 3
Ford Crown Victoria (non-patrol) 18
Dodge Charger 1
Ford Expedition
Total 554

Equipment

Controversies

In June 2020, Chief Peter Sloly announced that Const. James Ramsay had been charged for creating a racist meme depicting racialized members of the Ottawa Police Service. The meme was a photo collage depicting 13 officers, most of whom were men of colour, and included the phrase "Ottawa Police Services – We're always hiring…anyone."[17] The meme had circulated widely among the Ottawa Police Service before coming to the attention of Sloly. In late April, Sloly stated in a virtual meeting with the Ottawa Police services board that the meme targeted racialized members of the service. "It is an overt act of racism and it is unacceptable... This is more evidence of the need for a serious overhaul of our culture, ethics and ethical behaviour. The culture of the Ottawa Police Service needs significant improvement. We can no longer ignore this reality."[18]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Our History—Ottawa Police Service / Service de police d'Ottawa". Ottawapolice.ca. Archived from the original on September 26, 2011. Retrieved October 3, 2011.
  2. ^ "Timeline—Ottawa Police Service / Service de police d'Ottawa". Ottawapolice.ca. Archived from the original on November 15, 2012. Retrieved October 3, 2011.
  3. ^ "Officers Killed on Duty—Ottawa Police Service / Service de police d'Ottawa". Ottawapolice.ca. Retrieved April 22, 2019.
  4. ^ "Chief Profile—Ottawa Police Service / Service de police d'Ottawa <". Ottawapolice.ca. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
  5. ^ "Organizational Structure—Ottawa Police Service / Service de police d'Ottawa". Ottawapolice.ca. Archived from the original on September 7, 2011. Retrieved October 3, 2011.
  6. ^ "Ceremonial Guard". www.ottawapolice.ca. July 28, 2020. Retrieved August 4, 2020.
  7. ^ "Pipe Band". ottawapolice.icrt-ops1.esolg.ca. December 13, 2018. Retrieved August 4, 2020.
  8. ^ "Establishment of the Parliamentary Protective Service" (PDF). Parliament of Canada. June 25, 2015. Retrieved December 16, 2018.
  9. ^ "Site Map—Ottawa Police Service / Service de police d'Ottawa". Ottawapolice.ca. Archived from the original on November 2, 2011. Retrieved October 3, 2011.
  10. ^ Transport Canada (June 3, 2015). "Canadian Civil Aircraft Register". Retrieved June 3, 2015.
  11. ^ a b "Purchase of Police Package Vehicles - 2012". Ottawa Police Service.
  12. ^ a b Director General Frazer (July 28, 2014). "Purchase of Police Package Vehicles - 2014". Ottawa.ca. Chief of Police, Ottawa Police Service.
  13. ^ "Audit of Ottawa Police Service Fleet - 2007 Report" (PDF). City of Ottawa - Office of the Auditor General.
  14. ^ "Ottawa police will shoot to kill". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved July 18, 2012.
  15. ^ "Ottawa police chief wants to arm more officers with Tasers". Retrieved July 14, 2016.
  16. ^ "Detailed City of Ottawa public access defibrillator site list". City of Ottawa. Archived from the original on May 5, 2015. Retrieved December 16, 2018.
  17. ^ "Ottawa police member charged in relation to 'racist' meme". CBC. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
  18. ^ "Ottawa police detective suspended over 'racist' meme". CBC. Retrieved July 20, 2020.