Google Books Pacific Ocean Katabatic wind
The Oroshi wind which causes unpredictable damage -- Mafū (魔風, lit., devilish wind, 1853)

Oroshi (, lit, down wind) is the Japanese term for a wind blowing strong down the slope of a mountain, occasionally as strong gusts of wind which can cause damage.[1] Oroshi is a strong local wind across the Kanto Plain on the Pacific Ocean side of central Honshu.[2] This term identifies a katabatic wind.[3]

Literary references

The Oroshi wind is mentioned in Japanese poetry, including a poem which is included in the Hyakunin Isshu.[4]

An impression of Futen the Wind Deity by Hanabusa Itcho, late-17th–early-18th century.

Many versions of this poem which were published during the Edo period have yama-oroshi instead of yama-oroshi yo, but the meaning is equivalent: the poet cries out to the wind; and he the cold down-draft to the heartless woman.[5]

See also


  1. ^ Kishō Kenkyūjo. (1969). Papers in Meteorology and Geophysics, p. 126, p. 126, at Google Books, citing "Dissolution of Separation in the Turbulent Boundary Layer," Papers in Meteorology and Geophysics (気象研究所研究報告), Vol. 20, No. 2, 1969, pp. 111-174, 126.
  2. ^ Simpson, John E. (1994). Sea Breeze and Local Winds, p. 70, p. 70, at Google Books
  3. ^ Haggett, Peter. (2001). Encyclopedia of World Geography, Vol. 24, p. 1052, p. 1052, at Google Books
  4. ^ a b Mostow, Joshua S. (1996). Pictures of the Heart: The Hyakunin Isshu in Word and Image, p. 361., p. 361, at Google Books
  5. ^ Mostow, p. 47., p. 47, at Google Books