Ntlo ya Dikgosi

Districts of Botswana Parliament of Botswana Kgosi
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The Ntlo ya Dikgosi (Tswana for "House of Chiefs") in Botswana is an advisory body to the country's parliament.[1]


The house consists of 35 members.[2] Eight members are hereditary chiefs (kgosi) from Botswana's principal tribes (BaKgatla, BaKwêna, BaMalete, BamaNgwato, BaNgwaketse, BaRôlông, BaTawana, and BaTlôkwa). Another 22 members are indirectly elected and serve five-year terms. Of these, four are chosen from sub-chiefs in the districts of North-East, Chobe, Ghanzi, and Kgalagadi. The remaining 5 members are appointed by the country's president. They must be at least 21 years of age, proficient in the English language, and have not participated in active politics in the past five years. Chiefs may not belong to political parties.[3]


The house acts as a purely advisory body to the Parliament and has no legislative nor veto power.[4] All bills affecting tribal organization and property, customary law, and the administration of customary courts go through the house before being discussed in the National Assembly. Members must also be consulted when the constitution is being reviewed or amended.[4] The body has the power to summon members of government to appear before it.[5]

See also


  1. ^ Botswana CIA World Handbook
  2. ^ Inc, IBP (2015-09-11). Botswana Investment and Business Guide Volume 1 Strategic and Practical Information. Lulu.com. ISBN 978-1-5145-2879-2.
  3. ^ "Ntlo Ya Dikgosi". Parliament of Botswana. Archived from the original on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2010-08-07.
  4. ^ a b Norton, Philip (2006-08-07). "How many bicameral legislatures are there?". The Journal of Legislative Studies. doi:10.1080/1357233042000322436.
  5. ^ Werner Zips & Markus Weilenmann (2011) The Governance of Legal Pluralism: Empirical Studies from Africa and Beyond, LIT Verlag Münster, p188