Newman Centers, Newman Houses, Newman Clubs, or Newman Communities are Catholic campus ministry centers at secular universities. The movement was inspired by the writings of Cardinal Saint John Henry Newman encouraging societies for Catholic students attending secular universities.
These centers may include residential living space or may be actual houses close to the campus with or without a chapel. Activities vary between centers but usually include both spiritual worship like Sunday mass and eucharistic adoration, social get-togethers (like movies or coffee socials), and group outings (like apple picking, March for Life events, and amusement parks).
The “Newman Movement” in the United States began in 1883 at the University of Wisconsin when Catholic students joined to form the Melvin Club, names after their hosts, Mr. and Mrs. John C. Melvin. The first Newman Club in America was established in 1893 at the University of Pennsylvania by Timothy Harrington, a graduate medical student and former member of the Wisconsin group, together with John Gilbride, James and Joseph Walsh with assistance of Father P. J. Garvey, pastor of the local St. James Catholic Church. The club provided social activities, discussions on the faith, and mutual support for Catholic students in a sometimes hostile academic environment. The meetings were occasions to experience Catholic culture in a secular environment.
In the early 1900s, the majority of Catholic college students attended private Catholic institutions. However, over time, a growing number of Catholics began attending secular universities. Initially, small chapels were opened near the campuses of the secular universities.
In 1908, the Catholic clubs began an association which became the National Newman Club Federation. In 1950, the National Newman Chaplains Association was established for ordained chaplains at non-Catholic colleges and universities. In 1969, the National Newman Chaplains Association became Catholic Campus Ministry Association (CCMA).
Ministry and services
The centers provide pastoral services and ministries to their Catholic communities, in particular to the Roman Catholic student population within the universities. However, since these centers are located on university campuses, those of other Christian denominations often come and participate as well. A variety of university and parish related meetings and social events take place at the centers, as well as personal events including Catholic weddings, anniversary celebrations, baptisms, masses and funeral receptions.
Here are a few examples of campuses with Newman Centers:
St. John's Catholic Newman Center at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign—formerly known as the Newman Foundation—is the largest in the nation and has been considered one of the model Newman Centers in the United States.[by whom?] The center encompasses three main entities: St. John's Catholic Chapel, Newman Hall, and the Institute of Catholic Thought. It is one of the few Newman Centers that also encompasses a large undergraduate residence, Newman Hall, through the University's Certified Private Housing program, having over 600 live-in residents, a cafeteria, and other services.
The Newman Center at Troy University in Troy, Alabama is a coed residence hall which opened in 2013. The Newman Halls will house 376 residents, 6 resident assistants, and one live-in married couple who acts as the community directors.
Blessed Pope John Paul II Newman Center at the University of Illinois, Chicago serves the largest Catholic student population in the Midwest and one of the largest in the country. UIC has 25,000+ students, of which over 15,000 are Catholic. The John Paul II Newman Center in 1999 established the Arthur J. Schmitt Chair in Catholic studies for students to study the Catholic faith and receive college credit for doing so. Currently, students may receive a minor in Catholic studies. Of the other programs the John Paul II Newman Center offers, Vocation Discernment averages 10–15 students each year who study to become priests and religious brothers and sisters. The Integritas Institute for Ethics, a third program, teaches ethics and morality. The John Paul II Newman Center is in the Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago.
St. Mary's Catholic Center at Texas A&M University decided to turn their permanent parishioners into volunteers for the campus ministry and discontinued all other parish programs not related directly to campus ministry. Two hundred families stayed and the rest went to the other parish in College Station. The Catholic Campus Ministry Association has done presentations before national audiences concerning the success of St. Mary's.
The Newman Centre in Montreal, which serves McGill University and the Archdiocese of Montreal goes back to the Columbian Club (est. 1897) and the Newman Club (est. in 1929). In 1941, the Rev. Gerald Emmett Carter (later Cardinal Archbishop of Toronto) was appointed director. In 1949, under his leadership, the Club acquired a new home, "Newman House," located centrally on McGill College Avenue, one block south of the Roddick Gates. In 1951, the Newman Association of Montreal was created (incorporated under the Bighops' Act). The Association's purpose would be to support the Catholic community at McGill University. In 1954 the Newman Association purchased the La Fleur mansion located at 3484 Peel Street, which remains the Centre's Montreal address to this day. In 1998 the Newman Institute of Catholic Studies was established under the direction of Dr. Daniel Cere. The Newman Institute of Catholic Studies was federally incorporated in 2000, when the Catholic Studies Minor Concentration was established at McGill University, along with the Kennedy Smith Chair in Catholic Studies.
- "A Brief History"
- Mnistry, UMass Dartmouth Catholic Campus. "Home Page - UMass Dartmouth Catholic Campus Mnistry". www.umassdcatholics.com.
- Naab, Kathleen."What Newman Centers Owe Their Namesake", Zenit, August 30, 2010
- John Whitney Evans, Making the Best of a Bad Job? Newman Chaplains between the Code and the Council, U.S. Catholic Historian, Vol. 11, No. 1, Sulpicians and Seminaries, Prelates and Priests (Winter, 1993), pp. 35–50.
- Long-García, J.D. (February 2012). "Newman Centers: A brief history". U.S. Catholic magazine (Vol. 77, No. 2). Retrieved 24 April 2020.
- "History". CCMA. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
- "Home". The Newman Connection.
- St. John's Catholic Newman Center
- "Newman Center", Troy University, Alabama
- McNally, Peter. "History of McGill Newman Centre". www.newmancentre.org. Newman Association Inc. / Catholic Times. Archived from the original on 23 April 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
- Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. .