New Iceland

Gimli, Manitoba Lake Winnipeg Iceland

New Iceland (Icelandic: Nýja Ísland About this soundlisten ) is the name of a region on Lake Winnipeg in the Canadian province Manitoba which was named for settlers from Iceland. It was settled in 1875.

Background

The first Icelandic emigrants to Canada were members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from the Westman Islands. The more general migration followed an offer from Lord Dufferin of land in Manitoba to establish what amounted to a "free state".[1]

Due to harsh environmental and economic conditions in Iceland, including the eruption of Mount Askja, some 20,000 Icelanders left their homeland between 1870 and 1915—roughly a quarter of the population of Iceland.[1] In 1875 a large group of Icelandic immigrants migrated from Ontario to Manitoba, leaving Kinmount, Ontario, on 25 September 1875, for Gimli, Manitoba, on the shores of Lake Winnipeg. One of the main reasons for the choice of the colony site was “the abundance of fish”[according to whom?] in Lake Winnipeg, but according to Icelandic People in Manitoba[citation needed], “their first attempts at fishing on Lake Winnipeg were not successful”. Moreover, the “winter of 1875–1876 was one of the coldest on record in Manitoba, and the settlers’ clothes, including the leather shoes from Ontario, were not suitable for the rigorous weather”[citation needed]. However, the immigrants eventually learned to handle the ax, prepare the soil, fish through ice, and hunt game. They also learned how to drain the land, grow crops, and build better houses.

These Icelandic settlers, known in their native language as Vestur-Íslendingar (meaning Icelanders in the West; initially many Icelanders did not see emigration as a change of country, and there was some discussion of moving the entire population[1]), called their settlement "New Iceland", and the region remains a symbolic center of the Icelandic heritage in Canada today[when?].

Other information

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c William H. Swatos, Jr. and Loftur Reimar Gissurarson, Icelandic Spiritualism: Mediumship and Modernity in Iceland, New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction, 1996, ISBN 1-56000-273-5, p. 53.
  2. ^ "Manitoba Icelandic Population". Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2017-09-06.
  3. ^ Statcan - Manitoba Icelandic Population
  4. ^ Statcan - Icelandic Canadians living in Manitoba
  5. ^ Combining Heimskringla ('Globe'), founded in 1886, and Lögberg ('Law-Mound'), founded in 1888; Swatos and Gissurarson, p. 57.