Neighborhoods of Beersheba
The Old City (Hebrew: העיר העתיקה, HaIr HaAtika) (Arabic: البلده القديمه (al balad alqafima) is the historical center of Beersheba. Based on the core of the old palestinian Ottoman era builted town, it was expanded by the British during the Mandate era. Street signs in English from the Mandate era are still visible on many street corners. Laid out in a grid pattern, it consists mostly of one- and two-floor stone buildings, although some taller buildings were recently built. The old Turkish buildings dating back about 100 years are mostly in a state of neglect although some exceptions can be found where private individuals or organizations have renovated them. Until the late 1990s, the Old City was the commercial hub of Beersheba. But since the opening of the large Kenyon HaNegev mall near the Central Bus Station (and a number of smaller neighborhood-malls) many of the leading chain stores have moved out. There are some sites of historical interest in the Old City: Abraham's Well, the Negev Museum of Art, Allenby Garden, the Turkish Railway Station, the British War Cemetery and the Aljama Mosque.
Alef (Hebrew: א, lit. A or 1) is located to the immediate north of the Old City. It was the first neighborhood built after Israeli independence (in the 1950s) and provided housing for immigrants from Morocco, Iraq, Yemen and India. Shechuna Alef consists of rows of semi-detached houses and a few apartment blocks.
Bet (Hebrew: ב, lit. B or 2) is located northwest of Alef. It was also built in the 1950s, and provided housing for immigrants from Poland, Egypt, and later Libya (1960s) Georgia and Russia (1970s). Shechuna Bet is home to the Vasermil Stadium, home of Hapoel Be'er Sheva, the city's major football club.
Gimmel (Hebrew: ג, lit. G or 3, also known as Hashalom) is northeast of the Old City. Soroka Medical Center and Ben-Gurion University of the Negev are located here. Many students live in the neighborhood and the university dormitories are situated here. It consists largely of apartment blocks.
Dalet (Hebrew: ד, lit. D or 4) is located north of Bet and west of Gimmel, south west to Ramot and northeast to Nahal Ashan. The neighborhood holds the Kaye Academic College of Education, a few dozen community centers,[dubious ] the Nurit immigrant integration camp, a psychiatric hospital, two major shopping centers (Gilat and Oren). The neighborhood holds the famous pyramid house.
The newest part of Dalet neighborhood (also known Vav haYeshana) where Ben Gurion University is located.
Hei (Hebrew: ה, lit. H or 5) is located northwest of the Old City, and west of Alef and Bet. It houses the Ye'elim Absorption Center.
Vav (Hebrew: ו, lit. V or 6) is located in the northwest of the city, north of Bet and west of Daled. It consists of a combination of apartment blocks and private homes, and has its own shopping mall (Kanyon Avia). The old Vav neighborhood, also known as Ringelblum, is popular with students due to its proximity to the university.
Tet (Hebrew: ט, lit. T or 9) is located to the west of the Old City. It consists almost entirely of tower blocks.
Nahal Ashan (Hebrew: נחל עשן, Smoke River, Ashan River), also known as Neve Menachem (Hebrew: נווה מנחם, Menachem Oasis) is the westernmost neighborhood in Beersheba. It was built in the past decade and consists largely of private homes. The Neighberhood is built south west of the Ashan River (Nahal Ashan) and Ashan Riven is named after the biblican Ashan city in the Judea region
Nahal Beka (Hebrew: נחל בקע, Valley Stream) is the city's southernmost neighborhood, located to the southwest of Neve Noy. It was built in the 1990s to house new immigrants from the former Soviet Union. The caravans and prefabricated homes are now being replaced.
Naot Lon (Hebrew: נאות לון) is located in the west of the city, west of Tet. It is built around woodland and consists largely of detached and semi-detached houses. The neighborhood includes the Air Force technical high school and the Country Club.
Neve Noy (Hebrew: נווה נוי, lit. Beauty oasis) is located directly south of the Old City. It was founded in 1952 as an agricultural settlement consisting of small stone cottages with vegetable gardens, known as Mishkay Ezer (Hebrew: משקי עזר). The first residents were immigrants from Morocco and Tunisia who had been living in ma'abarot (transit camps). It was renamed Neve Noy in 1979, and consists largely of detached two-storey homes. Streets in this neighborhood are named after plants that grow in the Negev, such as Atad, Shita and Tzabar. Neve Noy is home to the second largest Karaite community in Israel, as well as Maccabi Be'er Sheva, Beersheba's second football team.
Neve Ze'ev (Hebrew: נווה זאב is located in the southwest of the city, south of Tet. It consists almost entirely of large tower blocks in an area carved out of the surrounding hillside. Many construction projects are under way.
Ramot (Hebrew: רמות, lit. Heights) is the northernmost and easternmost neighborhood in the city, located northern of Gimmel, and named for the fact that it is built on hills. It consists of a mixture of tower blocks and houses, and is still being expanded.