National Assembly of Belarus

President of Belarus Belarus Government of Belarus
National Assembly of Belarus

Нацыянальны сход Рэспублікі Беларусь
Национальное собрание Республики Беларусь
National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus
HousesCouncil of the Republic
House of Representatives
Founded11 November 1996
Preceded bySupreme Council of Belarus
Seats174 members
110 representatives
64 councilors
Council of the Republic of Belarus diagram.svg
Council of the Republic political groups
Government (64)
  Independents (46)
Belarus House of Representatives 2019.svg
House of Representatives political groups
Government (110)
  Independents (89)

(Belaya Rus, 68 MPs)

Indirect election by regional assemblies, Appointment by the President of the Republic
17 November 2019
Meeting place
House of Representatives of Belarus.jpg
Government House, Minsk
Coat of arms of Belarus (2020).svg
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The National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus (Belarusian: Нацыянальны сход Рэспублікі Беларусь, Nacyjanalny schod Respubliki Biełaruś; Russian: Национальное собрание Республики Беларусь, Natsionalnoye sobran'ye Respubliki Belarus) is the bicameral parliament of Belarus. The two chambers of the National Assembly are:

While each chamber has specific duties, both chambers have the ability to veto the decrees of local administrations that deviate from the Constitution of Belarus.

The chambers of the National Assembly are convened to two regular sessions every year: the first session opens 2 October and its duration cannot be more than 80 days; the second session opens 2 April and does not last more than 90 days.

The House of Representatives and the Council of the Republic may be convened to an extraordinary session. Extraordinary sessions are convened under a particular agenda upon an initiative of the President or upon a request of at least two-thirds majority of the full membership of each of the chambers.[1]

Any bill must be initially considered in the House of Representatives and then in the Council of the Republic.

In practice, the National Assembly has little real power. The Belarusian political system concentrates nearly all governing power in the hands of President Alexander Lukashenko. Notably, the National Assembly has little control over government spending; according to the Constitution, any bill that increases or decreases spending can only be considered with presidential permission. Presidential decrees have greater weight than ordinary legislation. However, since it took its current form in 1996, the National Assembly has been dominated by Lukashenko's supporters in any event, and there is no substantive opposition to presidential decisions.[2][3]

Its predecessor was the Supreme Council of Belarus (until 1996).


  1. ^ "Парламент – Национальное собрание Республики Беларусь". Retrieved 2020-05-27.
  2. ^ Wilson, Andrew (6 December 2011). "Belarus: The Last European Dictatorship". Yale University Press.
  3. ^ "Why Does Europe Engage With Belarus's Rubber Stamp Parliament?". Archived from the original on 2017-07-26. Retrieved 2016-08-25.