Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database
Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) is a multilingual database of names of taxa of plants.
It is located at the University of Melbourne and it is managed and maintained by Michel H. Porcher. This database includes the names of taxa of more than 900 genera of higher plants (not counting mushrooms). In addition to the scientific name and synonyms, it contains the names of the taxa in 82 major languages (its website says it includes 70 languages) in which 40 languages or dialects more are included).
MMPND is mentioned in many taxa of GRIN-Global (Germplasm Resources Information Network), "References" as a: Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
The International Plant Names Index (IPNI) mentions: "Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database is searchable in any language and script and holds a lot of information including an index of medicinal plants".
Regarding the aims of MMPND, the following is said: "... the intention is to cover as many useful plants as possible. What is useful in one part of the world however can be a weed, even a noxious weed, in another. Our political stand is that, whether it is a selection or a species, if it is declared useful by some people, provided that we can get a minimum of information about it and that we can handle the data, it is in. We basically foresee 8 categories of plants. In order of decreasing importance we will consider: Vegetables, Cereals, Fruits, Mushrooms / Fungi, Herbs, Pasture / Fodder Crops, Medicinal plants, and what may be termed "Utilitarian crops" such as fibre, oil crops, stimulants etc. We feel that in the last fifty years the first 3 categories have been attracting far too little attention from taxonomists, especially below the species level. These three groups of edible plants include all the world staple foods and their related cultivars and selections. These have been bred and improved over centuries. They are the basic ingredients of the world ethnic cuisines ...".
The first objective was to focus on useful plants, the cultivated ones, but the database currently contains the names of plants of economic importance as well as names of savage plants. For each genus, the last updating is indicated.
These multilingual names are presented by genera, as follows:
Gymnosperms and angiosperms
- Lists of names, General part: Angiosperms (and some few repeated genera of Gymnosperms) (570 genera).
- Conifers, Gymnosperms (75 genera).
- Bamboos (65 genera).
- Palms (Palms and Cycads)(173 genera).
- Medicinal plants (42 plus genera not covered in other sections).
- Fungi (Fungi, Mushrooms)(54 genera)
Indexes of plant names in various languages.
Examples of citations
fr: Acacia gummifera, Aspects culturels de la pomme de terre, Betterave potagère, Bunium bulbocastanum, Cavendish (bananier), Châtaigne d'eau chinoise, Chicoréepain de sucre, ... (and until 28 citations).
- Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (Official website)
- "Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names) < References < "Pinushalepensis" in GRIN-Global [example]".
- "IPNI The International Plant Names Index> FAQs-Frequently Asked Questions > Contents 10 > Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database is searchable in any language and script and holds a lot of information including an index of medicinal plants".
- "MMPND, Aims".
- "MMPND Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database > Lists of names".
- "Conifers, Gymnosperms>choose the genres listed in "List of Genera", [Conifers: When these addresses include ... / new / ... they correspond to more modern versions]".
- "Palms (Palms and Cycads)".
- "Medicinal plants".
- "Fungi (Fungi, Mushrooms)".