Mossi language

Gur languages Burkina Faso Kabiye language
Mossi
Mooré
Native toBurkina Faso, Benin, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Mali, Togo
EthnicityMossi
Native speakers
7.83 million (2009–2013)[1]
Niger–Congo
Latin
Official status
Recognised minority
language in
Language codes
ISO 639-2mos
ISO 639-3mos
Glottologmoss1236[2]
Languages of Burkina Faso.png
Majority areas of Mossi speakers, in pink, on a map of Burkina Faso
PersonMoaaga
PeopleMoose
LanguageMòoré
The distribution of Mossi

The Mossi language (known in the language as Mooré; also Mòoré, Mõõré, Moré, Moshi, Moore, More) is a Gur language of the Oti–Volta branch and one of two official regional languages of Burkina Faso, closely related to the Frafra language spoken just across the border in the northern half of Ghana and less-closely to Dagbani and Mampruli farther south. It is the language of the Mossi people, spoken by approximately 5 million people in Burkina Faso, plus another 60,000+ in Mali and Togo.

Phonology

The Mossi language consists of the following sounds:[3]

Consonants

Mossi consonant phonemes
Labial Alveolar Postalveolar
/ palatal
Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ
Stop voiceless p t k ʔ
voiced b d ɡ
Fricative voiceless f s h
voiced v z
Liquid r, l
Approximant j w

Remark:

Vowels

Front Central Back
Close Close i u
Near-close ɪ ʊ
Close-mid e o
Open a

Notes:

Orthography

In Burkina Faso, the Mossi alphabet uses the letters specified in the national Burkinabé alphabet.

Burkinabé Mossi alphabet
A ʼ B D E Ɛ F G H I Ɩ K L M N O P R S T U Ʋ V W Y Z
a ʼ b d e ɛ f g h i ɩ k l m n o p r s t u ʋ v w y z
Phonetic values
a ʔ b d e ɛ f ɡ h i ɪ k l m n o p r s t u ʊ v w j z

See also

References

  1. ^ "Mòoré". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2018-12-06.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Mossi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Cf. Kabore (1985) : (p.44) for the consonants, (p.85-86) for the vowels.