Montpellier, Quebec

Papineau Regional County Municipality Mulgrave-et-Derry, Quebec Outaouais
Montpellier
Montpellier QC.JPG
Location within Papineau RCM
Location within Papineau RCM
Montpellier is located in Western Quebec
Montpellier
Montpellier
Location in western Quebec
Coordinates: 45°51′N 75°10′W / 45.850°N 75.167°W / 45.850; -75.167Coordinates: 45°51′N 75°10′W / 45.850°N 75.167°W / 45.850; -75.167[1]
CountryCanada
ProvinceQuebec
RegionOutaouais
RCMPapineau
Settled1890s
ConstitutedOctober 11, 1920
Government
 • MayorPierre Bernier
 • Federal ridingArgenteuil—Papineau—Mirabel
 • Prov. ridingPapineau
Area
 • Total266.00 km2 (102.70 sq mi)
 • Land249.14 km2 (96.19 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[3]
 • Total985
 • Density4.0/km2 (10/sq mi)
 • Pop 2011-2016
Decrease 0.1%
 • Dwellings
896
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)819
Highways Route 315
Websitemontpellier.ca Edit this at Wikidata

Montpellier is a town and municipality in the Papineau Regional County Municipality in the Outaouais region of Quebec, Canada. The town is located 30 kilometres (19 mi) northwest of Papineauville.

The municipality includes the settlements of Montpellier and Lac-Schryer. Its western portion consists mostly of undeveloped Laurentian Hills, part of the Papineau-Labelle Wildlife Reserve.

History

In the late 19th century, pioneers arrived in the area searching for work in logging and agriculture. In 1882, in the north-west of what would later become the village, the forestry company W.C. Edwards opened a project to exploit timber at Muskrat Lake. Under the supervision of foreman, a man named Schraire, the log drivers brought logs down the creek to Lake Schryer to reach the saw mill downstream of the lake.[4]

Settlement occurred slowly along the shores of Lake Schryer. In 1892, Louis Beaulieu, called Montpellier, settled here on a farm and opened a post office and general store. After his marriage to Albina Bissonnette, they settled in the village known as Montpellier today. Shortly after, Moses Faubert left Mulgrave Township and settled here with his sixteen children. Several other families from neighboring townships came to reside in the village, contributing to the development of the small community.[4][5]

In 1900, construction began on a chapel at the village center. On 25 September 1902, the mission of Notre-Dame-de-la-Consolation was founded, and on 21 October 1907, the Archbishop of Ottawa decreed the establishment of the parish. On 23 October 1920, the Municipality of Montpellier was formed, matching the boundaries of the parish.[4]

In 1998, the southern portion of the Lac-des-Écorces Unorganized Territory was annexed by Montpellier, adding about 136 square kilometres (53 sq mi) and more than doubling its size.[5]

Demographics

Mother tongue:[3]

Local government

List of former mayors:

References

  1. ^ Reference number 42155 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. ^ a b Geographic code 80090 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (in French)
  3. ^ a b c "(Code 2480090) Census Profile". 2016 census. Statistics Canada. 2017.
  4. ^ a b c "Histoire de Montpellier" (in French). Municipalité de Montpellier. Archived from the original on 2009-03-01. Retrieved 2008-10-31.
  5. ^ a b "Montpellier (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2008-10-31.
  6. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2020-01-30.
  7. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2020-01-30.
  8. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.