Ministry of Economy and Finance (Italy)

Guardia di Finanza Roberto Gualtieri Government of Italy
Ministry of Economy and Finance
Ministero dell'Economia e delle Finanze
MEF
Minsitero Economia e Finanze logo.png
Palazzo Finanze.jpg
Palazzo delle Finanze, headquarters of the Ministry of Economy and Finance
Ministry overview
Formed2001; 19 years ago (2001)
Preceding agencies
  • Ministry of the Treasury, Budget and Economic Planning
  • Ministry of Finances
JurisdictionGovernment of Italy
HeadquartersVia XX Settembre, 97
00187 Rome
Minister responsible
Websitewww.mef.gov.it

The Ministry of Economy and Finance (Italian: Ministero dell'Economia e delle Finanze, also known by the acronym MEF), is a ministry of the Italian government. Its responsibilities include overseeing economic policy, public investments and spending. The Ministry's headquarters are located in the historic Palazzo delle Finanze. The current minister is Roberto Gualtieri of Conte II Cabinet.

Story

Already in 1947 the De Gasperi III Cabinet tried to merge the pre-existing Ministries of Treasure and Finance but it found a political opposition due to the great power concentrated in the hands of minister Pietro Campilli, and the project was abandoned for over fifty years.

MEF was created with the Bassanini reform which unified the economical ministers with the legislative decree n. 300 of 1999.[1] In 2001 the Berlusconi II Cabinet applied the reform and the MEF was created with the merger of former ministries: the Ministry of Treasure, Budget and Economic Programming and the Ministry of Finances.

Four fiscal agencies were connected to the Ministry: Agenzia delle entrate ('Revenue Agency'), Agenzia del territorio ('Agency of the territory'), Agenzia del demanio ('Agency of State properties) and Agenzia delle dogane e dei monopoli ('Agency of customs and monopolies'). These entities are completely autonomous but they work closely with the MEF. In 2012, Agenzia del territorio had been merged with the Revenue Agency, while the Agenzia delle dogane absorbed the Amministrazione Autonoma dei Monopoli di Stato ('Autonomous administration of State monopolies').

Functions

According to the legislative decree n. 300/1999, MEF carries out functions and purposes of the State about economic policies, public finance and budget in relation to the programming of public funding, coordination of public expenditure and its control, fiscal policies and the tributary system, properties of the State, cadastre and customs, planning, coordination and control of interventions for the economic, territorial and sectorial development and policies of cohesion.

MEF organizes and manages the State budget, including the fulfilments of treasury and verifies the related trends and cash flows, ensuring the operating connection with the accomplishments in the field of the coverage of financial requirement. The Ministry verifies the quantification of the resulting charges of measures and changing of laws and it monitors the public expenditure, coordinating and verifying its trends and doing the controls required by law.

The economical and financial planning is made by MEF, which coordinates and verifies the interventions for the economical development in territorial and sectorial fields and for the cohesion policies, with the help of the Chambers of Commerce. According to art. 56 of the legislative decree 300/1999, MEF analyses the fiscal system and the choices on the tributary and treasury entries at the national, community and international level, as well as on the coordination activities.

Its activity is coordinated with the four fiscal agencies, regulated by a dedicated agreement, to which the Ministry gives the goals to fulfil and appoints the directors.

MEF undergoes supervisory tasks on entities, activities and functions related to the relationship with the authorities of supervision and control required by law, according to the art. 23, paragraph 2 of the legislative decree 300/1999.

The minister of economy is a member of the Supreme Council of Defence.

Organization

The Ministry has a complex central structure derived from the merging of former ministries and from various modifications: main variations have been made with the legislative decree n. 173 of 3 July 2003,[2] and the decree of the President of Republic n. 227 of 3 July 2003.[3] The Ministry was reorganized with the Presidential Decree n. 43 of 30 January 2008 which established offices in direct collaboration of the minister and proper departments of the MEF.

Main departments

Territorial departments

At peripheral level, MEF is organized in Ragionerie Territoriali dello Stato (RTS, 'Territorial State Accounts') which depend organically and functionally on the Dipartimento della Ragioneria Generale dello Stato ('Department of the General State Accounting').

Until 28 February 2011, there were also the Direzioni territoriali dell'economia e delle finanze (DTEF, 'Territorial Directions of Economy and Finance') depending on the Dipartimento dell'Amministrazione Generale, del Personale e dei Servizi ('Department of General Administration, Personnel and Services') but the Ministerial Decree of 23 December 2010 established the interruption of its activities.[4]

The functions of DTEFs have been adsorbed mostly by the RTS but not all its personnel, because a part of it has passed in the Agency for Monopolies.

Fiscal agencies

Fiscal agencies are completely autonomous but they work closely to the Minister. The main entities are:

Agencies have own headquarters in Rome and peripheral offices in all the national territory.

Tributary justice

Within the Ministry there is the Consiglio di presidenza della giustizia tributaria ('Presidential Council of Tributary Justice'), a body of self-government of tax judges with similar purposes to the High Council of the Judiciary. Tax judges operate in the tax commissions and have the status of honorary magistrates, and they are appointed by the Minister of Economy and Finances on designation of the Presidency Council of Tax Justice.

Guardia di Finanza

The Guardia di Finanza is a militarized police force with tasks regarding investigation, prevention and repression of administrative and penal violations in the field of taxation, customs, currency and fiscal as well as judiciary police. It directly depends on the MEF and hierarchically on the General Command of Guardia di Finanza headquartered in Rome.

Shareholdings

MEF holds shares in strategic companies and public entities. Main shareholdings are the followings:[6][7]

Listed companies

Companies having listed financial instruments

Unlisted companies

Overseen institutions

MEF oversees the following institutions:

See also

References

  1. ^ "DECRETO LEGISLATIVO 30 luglio 1999, n. 300". Normattiva (in Italian). Art. 23
  2. ^ "DECRETO LEGISLATIVO 3 luglio 2003, n. 173". Normattiva (in Italian).
  3. ^ "DECRETO DEL PRESIDENTE DELLA REPUBBLICA 3 luglio 2003, n. 227". Normattiva (in Italian).
  4. ^ "Decreto Ministeriale del 23 dicembre 2010" (PDF). Ragioneria Generale dello Stato (in Italian).
  5. ^ "Decreto Legge 6 luglio 2012 n. 95 convertito dalla Legge 7 agosto 2012 n. 135 –Incorporazione dell'Amministrazione autonoma dei Monopoli di Stato nell'Agenzia delle Dogane dal 1° dicembre 2012". Agenzia delle dogane (in Italian). 2012-11-29.
  6. ^ "List of shareholdings". MEF Department of Treasury. Retrieved 30 June 2019.
  7. ^ Alessandra Puato (2019-04-30). "Quanto vale il tesoro del Tesoro? 105 miliardi. È cresciuto del 4% in sei mesi. Ma le cessioni per 18 miliardi sono un miraggio". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  8. ^ CDP holds a share of 25,76%.
  9. ^ CDP holds a share of 35%.
  10. ^ Unlisted company.
  11. ^ a b c d In house company of MEF.
  12. ^ The Comune of Rome holds the 10%.
  13. ^ In house company of the Italian Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport.
  14. ^ Successor to Coni Servizi S.p.a.
  15. ^ "Cassa Ufficiali" (in Italian). Retrieved 2019-07-03.
  16. ^ a b "REGIO DECRETO-LEGGE 5 luglio 1934, n. 1187". Normattiva (in Italian). Art. 33 and 34.
  17. ^ "Fondo Previdenza" (in Italian). Retrieved 2019-07-03.
  18. ^ "DECRETO DEL PRESIDENTE DELLA REPUBBLICA 17 marzo 1981, n. 211". Normattiva (in Italian).
  19. ^ "DECRETO DEL PRESIDENTE DELLA REPUBBLICA 21 dicembre 1984, n. 1034". Normattiva (in Italian).