Italian Minister of War

Military National Fascist Party Royal Italian Army
Minister of War
Ministro della guerra
Flag of Italy (1860).svg
War flag
Benito Mussolini portrait as dictator.jpg
Longest serving
Benito Mussolini

4 April 1925–12 September 1929
22 July 1933–25 July 1943
Ministry of War
Member ofCouncil of Ministers
SeatRome
Term lengthNo fixed term
Formation17 March 1861 (1861-03-17)
First holderManfredo Fanti
Final holderCipriano Facchinetti
Abolished4 February 1947 (1947-02-04)
SuccessionMinister of Defence

The Minister of War of Italy (Italian: Ministri della guerra del Regno d'Italia), was the minister responsible for the Ministry of War and the Royal Italian Army. The position was abolished with the creation of the position for Minister of Defence.

The first Minister of War was Manfredo Fanti, a General of the Royal Italian Army, while the last one was Cipriano Facchinetti, a member of the Italian Republican Party. The longest serving minister was the Italian dictator, Benito Mussolini, of the National Fascist Party.

List of Ministers

Kingdom of Italy

Parties

  Military ‹See Tfd›   Historical Right ‹See Tfd›

  Military ‹See Tfd›   Reformist Socialist Party ‹See Tfd›   People's Party ‹See Tfd›   Agrarian Party ‹See Tfd›   Liberal Union ‹See Tfd›

  National Fascist Party ‹See Tfd›

  Military ‹See Tfd›   Liberal Party ‹See Tfd›   Christian Democracy ‹See Tfd›

Governments

  Rightist coalition ‹See Tfd›   Leftist coalition ‹See Tfd›   Liberal coalition ‹See Tfd›   Fascist ‹See Tfd›   Military ‹See Tfd›   Mixed coalition ‹See Tfd›

No. Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term Political Party Government Ref.
Took office Left office Time in office
1
Manfredo Fanti
Manfredo Fanti
(1806–1865)
17 March 18616 June 186181 daysMilitaryCavour IV[1]
Bettino Ricasoli
Bettino Ricasoli
(1809–1880)
Acting
12 June 18615 September 186185 daysHistorical RightRicasoli I[2]
2
Alessandro Della Rovere [it]
Alessandro Della Rovere [it]
(1815–1864)
5 September 18613 March 1862179 daysMilitaryRicasoli I[2]
3
Agostino Petitti Bagliani [it]
Agostino Petitti Bagliani [it]
(1814–1890)
4 March 18628 December 1862279 daysMilitaryRattazzi I[3]
(2)
Alessandro Della Rovere [it]
Alessandro Della Rovere [it]
(1815–1864)
8 December 186228 September 1864179 daysMilitaryFarini
Minghetti I
[4][5]
(3)
Agostino Petitti Bagliani [it]
Agostino Petitti Bagliani [it]
(1814–1890)
28 September 186431 December 18651 year, 94 daysMilitaryLa Marmora II[6]
4
Ignazio De Genova [it]
Ignazio De Genova [it]
(1813–1896)
31 December 186522 August 1866234 daysMilitaryLa Marmora III
Ricasoli II
[7][8]
5
Efisio Cugia [it]
Efisio Cugia [it]
(1818–1872)
31 December 186522 August 1866234 daysMilitaryRicasoli II[8]
6
Genova Theon di Revel [it]
Genova Theon di Revel [it]
(1817–1910)
10 April 186727 October 1867200 daysMilitaryRattazzi II[9]
7
Ettore Bertolè Viale [it]
Ettore Bertolè Viale [it]
(1829–1892)
27 October 186714 December 18692 years, 48 daysMilitaryMenabrea I·II·III[10][11]
[12]
8
Giuseppe Govone
Giuseppe Govone
(1825–1872)
14 December 18697 September 1870267 daysMilitaryLanza[13]
9
Cesare Ricotti-Magnani
Cesare Ricotti-Magnani
(1822–1917)
7 September 187020 November 18766 years, 74 daysMilitaryLanza
Minghetti II
Depretis I
[14][15]
[16]
10
Luigi Mezzacapo [it]
Luigi Mezzacapo [it]
(1814–1885)
20 November 187624 March 18781 year, 124 daysMilitaryDepretis I·II[16][17]
11
Giovanni Bruzzo [it]
Giovanni Bruzzo [it]
(1824–1890)
24 March 187824 October 1878214 daysMilitaryCairoli I[18]
12
Cesare Bonelli [it]
Cesare Bonelli [it]
(1821–1904)
24 October 187819 December 187856 daysMilitaryCairoli I[18]
13
Gustavo Mazè de la Roche [it]
Gustavo Mazè de la Roche [it]
(1824–1886)
19 December 187814 July 1879207 daysMilitaryDepretis III[19]
(12)
Cesare Bonelli [it]
Cesare Bonelli [it]
(1821–1904)
14 July 187913 July 1880365 daysMilitaryCairoli II·III[20][21]
Ferdinando Acton
Ferdinando Acton
(1832–1891)
Acting
13 July 188027 July 188014 daysMilitaryCairoli III[21]
14
Bernardino Milon [it]
Bernardino Milon [it]
(1829–1881)
27 July 188025 March 1881241 daysMilitaryCairoli III[21]
15
Emilio Ferrero [it]
Emilio Ferrero [it]
(1819–1887)
25 March 188124 May 18843 years, 60 daysMilitaryCairoli III
Depretis IV·V·VI
[21][22]
[23][24]
16
Cesare Ricotti-Magnani
Cesare Ricotti-Magnani
(1822–1917)
24 May 18844 April 18872 years, 315 daysMilitaryDepretis VI·VII[24][25]
(7)
Ettore Bertolè Viale [it]
Ettore Bertolè Viale [it]
(1829–1892)
4 April 18876 February 18913 years, 308 daysMilitaryDepretis VIII
Crispi I·II
[26][27]
[28]
17
Luigi Pelloux
Luigi Pelloux
(1839–1924)
6 February 189115 December 18932 years, 312 daysMilitaryRudinì I
Giolitti I
[29][30]
18
Stanislao Mocenni [it]
Stanislao Mocenni [it]
(1837–1907)
15 December 189310 March 18962 years, 86 daysMilitaryCrispi III·IV[31] [32]
(16)
Cesare Ricotti-Magnani
Cesare Ricotti-Magnani
(1822–1917)
10 March 189611 July 1896123 daysMilitaryRudinì II[33]
(17)
Luigi Pelloux
Luigi Pelloux
(1839–1924)
11 July 189614 December 18971 year, 156 daysMilitaryRudinì III[34]
19
Alessandro Asinari di San Marzano [it]
Alessandro Asinari di San Marzano [it]
(1830–1906)
14 December 189714 May 18991 year, 151 daysMilitaryRudinì IV
Pelloux I
[35][36]
20
Giuseppe Mirri [it]
Giuseppe Mirri [it]
(1834–1907)
14 May 18997 January 1900238 daysMilitaryPelloux II[37]
(17)
Luigi Pelloux
Luigi Pelloux
(1839–1924)
7 January 19007 April 190090 daysMilitaryPelloux II[37]
21
Coriolano Ponza di San Martino [it]
Coriolano Ponza di San Martino [it]
(1842–1926)
7 April 190027 April 19022 years, 20 daysMilitaryPelloux II
Saracco
Zanardelli
[37][38]
[39]
Enrico Morin [it]
Enrico Morin [it]
(1841–1910)
Acting
27 April 190214 May 190217 daysMilitaryZanardelli[39]
22
Giuseppe Ottolenghi [it]
Giuseppe Ottolenghi [it]
(1838–1904)
14 May 19023 September 19031 year, 112 daysMilitaryZanardelli[39]
23
Ettore Pedotti [it]
Ettore Pedotti [it]
(1842–1919)
3 September 190324 December 19052 years, 112 daysMilitaryGiolitti II
Tittoni
Fortis I
[40][41]
[42]
24
Luigi Majnoni d'Intignano [it]
Luigi Majnoni d'Intignano [it]
(1841–1918)
24 December 190529 May 1906156 daysMilitaryFortis II
Sonnino I
[43][44]
25
Giuseppe Ettore Viganò [it]
Giuseppe Ettore Viganò [it]
(1843–1933)
29 May 190629 December 19071 year, 214 daysMilitaryGiolitti III[45]
26
Severino Casana [it]
Severino Casana [it]
(1842–1912)
29 December 190710 December 19091 year, 346 daysHistorical RightGiolitti III[45]
27
Paolo Spingardi [it]
Paolo Spingardi [it]
(1845–1918)
11 December 190919 March 19144 years, 98 daysMilitarySonnino II
Luzzatti
Giolitti IV
[46][47]
[48]
28
Domenico Grandi [it]
Domenico Grandi [it]
(1849–1937)
21 March 191410 October 1914203 daysMilitarySalandra I[49]
29
Vittorio Italico Zupelli [it]
Vittorio Italico Zupelli [it]
(1859–1945)
10 October 19144 April 19161 year, 177 daysMilitarySalandra I·II[49][50]
30
Paolo Morrone [it]
Paolo Morrone [it]
(1854–1937)
4 April 191616 June 19171 year, 73 daysMilitarySalandra II
Boselli
[50][51]
31
Gaetano Giardino
Gaetano Giardino
(1864–1935)
16 June 191730 October 1917136 daysMilitaryBoselli[51]
32
Vittorio Luigi Alfieri
Vittorio Luigi Alfieri
(1863–1918)
30 October 191721 March 1918142 daysMilitaryOrlando[52]
(29)
Vittorio Italico Zupelli [it]
Vittorio Italico Zupelli [it]
(1859–1945)
21 March 191818 January 1919303 daysMilitaryOrlando[52]
33
Enrico Caviglia
Enrico Caviglia
(1862–1945)
18 January 191923 June 1919156 daysMilitaryOrlando[52]
34
Giovanni Sechi [it]
Giovanni Sechi [it]
(1871–1948)
23 June 191923 June 19191 dayMilitaryNitti I[53]
35
Alberico Albricci
Alberico Albricci
(1864–1936)
24 June 191913 March 1920263 daysMilitaryNitti I[53]
36
Ivanoe Bonomi
Ivanoe Bonomi
(1873–1951)
14 March 192021 May 192068 daysReformist Socialist Party Nitti I[53]
37
Giulio Rodinò [it]
Giulio Rodinò [it]
(1875–1946)
21 May 192015 June 192025 daysPeople's Party Nitti II[54]
(36)
Ivanoe Bonomi
Ivanoe Bonomi
(1873–1951)
15 June 19202 April 1921291 daysReformist Socialist Party Giolitti V[55]
(37)
Giulio Rodinò [it]
Giulio Rodinò [it]
(1875–1946)
2 April 19214 July 192193 daysPeople's Party Giolitti V[55]
38
Luigi Gasparotto
Luigi Gasparotto
(1873–1954)
4 July 192126 February 1922237 daysReformist Socialist Party Bonomi I[56]
39
Pietro Lanza di Scalea [it]
Pietro Lanza di Scalea [it]
(1863–1938)
26 February 19221 August 1922156 daysAgrarian Party Facta I[57]
40
Marcello Soleri
Marcello Soleri
(1882–1945)
1 August 192228 October 192288 daysLiberal UnionFacta II[58]
41
Armando Diaz
Armando Diaz
(1861–1928)
30 October 192230 April 19241 year, 183 daysMilitaryMussolini[59]
42
Antonino Di Giorgio [it]
Antonino Di Giorgio [it]
(1867–1932)
30 April 19244 April 1925339 daysFascist Party Mussolini[59]
43
Benito Mussolini
Benito Mussolini
(1883–1945)
4 April 192512 September 19294 years, 130 daysFascist Party Mussolini[59]
44
Pietro Gazzera
Pietro Gazzera
(1879–1953)
12 September 192922 July 19333 years, 344 daysFascist Party Mussolini[59]
(43)
Benito Mussolini
Benito Mussolini
(1883–1945)
22 July 193325 July 194310 years, 3 daysFascist Party Mussolini[59]
45
Antonio Sorice [it]
Antonio Sorice [it]
(1897–1971)
28 July 194311 February 1944198 daysMilitaryBadoglio I
46
Taddeo Orlando [it]
Taddeo Orlando [it]
(1885–1950)
11 February 19448 June 1944118 daysMilitaryBadoglio I·II
47
Alessandro Casati
Alessandro Casati
(1881–1955)
18 June 194421 June 19451 year, 13 daysLiberal Party Bonomi II·III
48
Stefano Jacini [it]
Stefano Jacini [it]
(1886–1952)
21 June 19458 December 1945170 daysChristian DemocracyParri[60]
49
Manlio Brosio
Manlio Brosio
(1897–1980)
10 December 19451 July 1946203 daysLiberal Party De Gasperi I[61]

Republic of Italy

No. Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term Political Party Government Ref.
Took office Left office Time in office
1
Cipriano Facchinetti
Cipriano Facchinetti
(1889–1952)
14 July 19464 February 1947205 daysRepublican PartyDe Gasperi II[62]

See also

References

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  2. ^ a b "I Governo Ricasoli". storia.camera.it (in Italian). Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  3. ^ "I Governo Rattazzi". storia.camera.it (in Italian). Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  4. ^ "I Governo Farini". storia.camera.it (in Italian). Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  5. ^ "I Governo Minghetti". storia.camera.it (in Italian). Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  6. ^ "II Governo La Marmora". storia.camera.it (in Italian). Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  7. ^ "III Governo La Marmora". storia.camera.it (in Italian). Retrieved 11 April 2020.
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  57. ^ "I Governo Facta". storia.camera.it (in Italian). Retrieved 11 April 2020.
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