Middle Eastern Canadians

Middle East West Asian Canadians Turkish Canadians
Middle Eastern Canadians
Total population
1,366,190[1]
4.0% of the total Canadian population (2016)
Regions with significant populations
Southern Ontario, Southern Quebec, Southwestern BC, Central Alberta, Urban
Languages
Canadian English · Canadian French ·
Arabic · Farsi · Armenian · Turkish · Hebrew
Other Middle Eastern Languages
Religion
Islam · Christianity · Judaism
Related ethnic groups
Middle Eastern Americans · Arab Canadians · West Asian Canadians · Asian Canadians

Middle Eastern Canadians are Canadians with ancestry, origins, or citizenship from the Middle East, which includes Western Asia and North Africa.

Terminology

History

Individuals from the Middle East first arrived in Canada in 1882, when a group of Lebanese immigrants settled in Montreal.[2]

During the first world war, Middle Eastern Canadians of Turkish origin were placed in “enemy alien" internment camps.[3]

The middle eastern Canadian population grew rapidly during the latter half of the 20th century; the 1979 Islamic revolution in Iran resulted in a spike of immigration to Canada from the West Asian country[4]

The Syrian refugee crisis during the 2010s fueled further growth in the middle eastern Canadian population.

Demography

Middle Eastern population by province or territory (2016)
Province / territory Population Percentage
Flag of Ontario.svg Ontario[5] 610,005 4.6%
Flag of Quebec.svg Quebec[6] 465,920 5.8%
Flag of Alberta.svg Alberta[7] 120,590 3%
Flag of British Columbia.svg British Columbia[8] 109,400 2.4%
Flag of Nova Scotia.svg Nova Scotia[9] 19,235 2.1%
Flag of Manitoba.svg Manitoba[10] 15,540 1.3%
Flag of Saskatchewan.svg Saskatchewan[11] 11,605 1.1%
Flag of New Brunswick.svg New Brunswick[12] 8,035 1.1%
Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador.svg Newfoundland and Labrador[13] 3,290 0.6%
Flag of Prince Edward Island.svg Prince Edward Island[14] 1,830 1.3%
Flag of the Northwest Territories.svg Northwest Territories[15] 390 0.9%
Flag of Yukon.svg Yukon[16] 230 0.7%
Flag of Nunavut.svg Nunavut[17] 130 0.4%
Flag of Canada.svg Canada[1] 1,366,190 4%

Ethnic and national origins

Demography by region and ethnicity
2016[1]
Number %
West Asian 1,011,145 74%
Flag of Lebanon.svg Lebanese 219,555 16.1%
Flag of Iran.svg Iranian 210,405 15.4%
– Arab, n.o.s1 111,400 8.2%
Flag of Afghanistan.svg Afghan 83,995 6.1%
Flag of Syria.svg Syrian 77,045 5.6%
Flag of Iraq.svg Iraqi 70,925 5.2%
Flag of Turkey.svg Turkish 63,955 4.7%
Flag of Armenia.svg Armenian 63,810 4.7%
Flag of Palestine.svg Palestinian 44,820 3.3%
Flag of Israel.svg Israeli 28,735 2.1%
– West Central Asian and
Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.2
28,735 2.1%
– Kurd 16,315 1.2%
Flag of Jordan.svg Jordanian 14,250 1%
– Assyrian 13,835 1%
– Other 51,850 3.8%
North African 355,045 26%
Flag of Morocco.svg Moroccan 103,940 7.6%
Flag of Egypt.svg Egyptian 99,140 7.3%
Flag of Algeria.svg Algerian 67,335 4.9%
– Berber 37,060 2.7%
Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunisian 25,645 1.9%
Flag of Sudan.svg Sudanese 19,960 1.5%
– Other 19,480 1.4%
Total population 1,366,190 100%
1Includes responses of 'Arab,' not otherwise specified.
2Includes general responses indicating West Asian,
Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins as well as more specific
responses that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

Language

The vast majority of Middle Eastern Canadians speak West Asian and North African languages as a mother tongue or second language. The top five middle eastern languages spoken in Canada include Arabic, Farsi, Armenian, Turkish and Hebrew.

Religion

Islam, Christianity and Judaism are the dominant religions among the middle eastern Canadian population.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Census Profile, 2016 Census Canada [Country] and Canada [Country]". Statistics Canada. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
  2. ^ "History of Recent Arab Immigration to Canada".
  3. ^ "First World War Timeline". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
  4. ^ "Iranians". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
  5. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Ontario [Province] and Canada [Country]". Statistics Canada. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
  6. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Quebec [Province] and Canada [Country]". Statistics Canada. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
  7. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Alberta [Province] and Canada [Country]". Statistics Canada. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
  8. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census British Columbia [Province] and Canada [Country]". Statistics Canada. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
  9. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Nova Scotia [Province] and Canada [Country]". Statistics Canada. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
  10. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Manitoba [Province] and Canada [Country]". Statistics Canada. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
  11. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Saskatchewan [Province] and Canada [Country]". Statistics Canada. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
  12. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census New Brunswick [Province] and Canada [Country]". Statistics Canada. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
  13. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Newfoundland and Labrador [Province] and Canada [Country]". Statistics Canada. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
  14. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Prince Edward Island [Province] and Canada [Country]". Statistics Canada. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
  15. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Northwest Territories [Territory] and Canada [Country]". Statistics Canada. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
  16. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Yukon [Territory] and Canada [Country]". Statistics Canada. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
  17. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Nunavut [Territory] and Canada [Country]". Statistics Canada. Retrieved May 3, 2020.