Mascara, Algeria

Algeria Oran Mascara Province
Mascara

معسكر
Mascara City
Mascara City
Flag of Mascara
Flag
DZ-29- Mascara.svg
Mascara is located in Algeria
Mascara
Mascara
Location in Algeria
Coordinates: 35°24′00″N 0°08′00″E / 35.4°N 0.133333°E / 35.4; 0.133333
Country Algeria
ProvinceMascara Province
DistrictMascara District
Founded1701
Highest elevation
429 m (1,407 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2008 census)
 • Total108,629
Time zoneUTC+1 (+1)
Postal code
29000
Historic city flag.

Mascara (Arabic: معسكر‎) is the capital city of Mascara Province, Algeria, in northwestern Algeria. It has 150,000 inhabitants (2008 estimate). It was founded in the 10th century by the Banu Ifran, a Berber tribe and was the capital city of Emir Abd al-Qadir, a leader of the Algerian resistance to early French colonial rule.

Mascara is an administrative, commercial and a market centre. Its trade is mostly centered on leather goods, grains, and olive oil, but it is especially famous for its good wine. It has good road and rail connections with other urban centres of Algeria. Relizane is 65 kilometres (40 miles) northeast, Sidi Bel Abbes 90 km (56 mi) southwest, Oran 105 kkm northwest and Saïda 80 km (50 mi) south.

Mascara has two parts, a newer French area, and an older Muslim one. Large parts of the town lie inside the ruins of its ancient ramparts. The city is home of Lakhdar Belloumi, the former Algerian football (soccer) star.

Etymology

The word mascara is the francisation of the Arabic word معسكر‎ (mouaskar), meaning 'camp'. Due to French colonization at that time, the city's name has adopted the French version as an official name. The cosmetic mascara is unrelated etymologically, being derived from Italian: maschera, masked.

Ottoman period

Grande Mosque

French invasion and early French rule

Algeria (sovereign state)

Twin towns/sister cities

Mascara is twinned with:

References

  1. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Oran" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 20 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 146.
  2. ^ Benouar, D.; Aoudia, A.; Maouche, S.; Meghraou, M. (1994), "The 18 August 1994 Mascara (Algeria) earthquake—a quick-look report", Terra Nova, 6 (6): 634–638, doi:10.1111/j.1365-3121.1994.tb00529.x
  3. ^ "Kardeş Şehirler". Bursa Büyükşehir Belediyesi Basın Koordinasyon Merkez. Tüm Hakları Saklıdır. Retrieved 2013-07-27.